Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Maternal effect determines drought resistance of eggs in the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis
    Hesran, Sophie Le; Groot, Thomas ; Knapp, Markus ; Bukovinszky, Tibor ; Nugroho, Jovano Erris ; Beretta, Giuditta ; Dicke, Marcel - \ 2020
    Oecologia 192 (2020)1. - ISSN 0029-8549 - p. 29 - 41.
    Egg hatching - Oviposition - Phytoseiidae - Relative humidity - Survival

    The ability of an organism to adapt to short-term environmental changes within its lifetime is of fundamental importance. This adaptation may occur through phenotypic plasticity. Insects and mites, in particular, are sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity, especially during the juvenile stages. We studied the role of phenotypic plasticity in the adaptation of eggs to different relative humidity conditions, in the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis, used worldwide as a biological control agent of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae. The biocontrol efficacy of P. persimilis decreases under dry conditions, partly because P. persimilis eggs are sensitive to drought. We exposed P. persimilis adult females from two different strains to constant and variable humidity regimes and evaluated the hatching rate of their eggs in dry conditions, as well as the survival and oviposition rates of these females. Whereas the eggs laid by P. persimilis females exposed to constant high humidity did not survive in dry conditions, females exposed to constant low humidity started laying drought-resistant eggs after 24 h of exposure. Survival and oviposition rates of the females were affected by humidity: females laid fewer eggs under constant low humidity and had a shorter lifespan under constant high and constant low humidity. The humidity regimes tested had similar effects across the two P. persimilis strains. Our results demonstrate that transgenerational phenotypic plasticity, called maternal effect, allows P. persimilis females to prepare their offspring for dry conditions.

    Proximate mechanisms of drought resistance in Phytoseiulus persimilis eggs
    Hesran, Sophie Le; Groot, Thomas ; Knapp, Markus ; Nugroho, Jovano Erris ; Beretta, Giuditta ; Salomé-Abarca, Luis Francisco ; Choi, Young Hae ; Vancová, Marie ; Moreno-Rodenas, Antonio M. ; Dicke, Marcel - \ 2019
    Experimental and Applied Acarology 79 (2019)3-4. - ISSN 0168-8162 - p. 279 - 298.
    Desiccation - Egg - Maternal effect - Metabolomic profiling - Phytoseiidae

    Under drought stress, Phytoseiulus persimilis females are able to lay drought-resistant eggs through an adaptive maternal effect. The mechanisms making these eggs drought resistant still remain to be investigated. For this purpose, we studied the physiological differences between drought-resistant and drought-sensitive eggs. We compared the volume and the surface-area-to-volume ratio (SA:V) of the eggs, their sex ratio, their chemical composition (by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry), their internal and external structure [by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) images], and their developmental time. Our results show that drought-resistant and drought-sensitive eggs have a different chemical composition: drought-resistant eggs contain more compatible solutes (free amino acids and sugar alcohols) and saturated hydrocarbons than drought-sensitive eggs. This difference may contribute to reducing water loss in drought-resistant eggs. Moreover, drought-resistant eggs are on average 8.4% larger in volume, and have a 2.4% smaller SA:V than drought-sensitive eggs. This larger volume and smaller SA:V, probably the result of a higher water content, may make drought-resistant eggs less vulnerable to water loss. We did not find any difference in sex ratio, internal or external structure nor developmental time between drought-resistant and drought-sensitive eggs. These results mark the first step in the understanding of the strategies and the energetic costs involved in the production of drought-resistant eggs in P. persimilis females.

    Bumpy road to self-sufficiency in meat
    Nugroho, Eko ; Ihle, R. ; Heijman, W.J.M. - \ 2018
    The Jakarta Post
    meat-imports - self-sufficiency - food-security
    Land-use trade-offs in the Kapuas peat forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Suwarno, Aritta ; Hein, Lars ; Weikard, Hans Peter ; Noordwijk, Meine van; Nugroho, Bayu - \ 2018
    Land Use Policy 75 (2018). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 340 - 351.
    Central Kalimantan - Ecosystem management - Ecosystem services - Forest management unit - Land-use - Peat forest ecosystems
    Forest ecosystems provide benefits to people locally and globally. Sustainable management of forest resources is required to ensure continued supply of these benefits, but complex social-ecological processes are often a constraint to the design of such forest management strategies. In this study, we developed a model of adaptive forest zonation to facilitate forest ecosystem management. We employed the ecosystem services concept and a land-use change model to identify potential areas for conservation and for economic use in the Kapuas Protected Forest Management Unit in Indonesia. Local people actively participated in this study to jointly define management zones and stakeholders’ associated rights and responsibilities. Our results show that a stakeholder agreement facilitated the reduction of threats to forest ecosystems and increased local awareness of the need for forest ecosystem conservation. Compared to current forest zonation, we show that the availability of an economic development zone in adaptive forest zonation could potentially increase ecosystem benefits for local communities by about 40% through rattan and jelutong collection and agroforestry rubber and jelutong production. Although our results are specific for the Kapuas District, the methodology of adaptive forest zonation can be applied more generally. We recommend our methods be included in guidelines for zonation and management plans to help improve sustainable forest management practices of all forest management units in Indonesia.
    Encapsulation of the therapeutic microbe Akkermansia muciniphila in a double emulsion enhances survival in simulated gastric conditions
    Ark, Kees C.H. van der; Nugroho, Avis Dwi Wahyu ; Berton-Carabin, Claire ; Wang, Che ; Belzer, Clara ; Vos, Willem M. de; Schroen, Karin - \ 2017
    Food Research International 102 (2017). - ISSN 0963-9969 - p. 372 - 379.
    Akkermansia muciniphila - Double emulsion - Gastric conditions - Gut bacteria - Therapeutic microbe
    There is considerable attention for developing Akkermansia muciniphila as a new therapeutic microbe since it has shown to prevent diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes in mice. However, A. muciniphila is sensitive to gastric conditions such as low pH and oxygen. Therefore, we explored the possibility of encapsulating A. muciniphila in a water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) double emulsion, to allow for protection during gastric passage and subsequent release in the small intestine. The bacteria were efficiently encapsulated in the inner emulsion droplets and remained entrapped during in vitro gastric digestion. The cells were then released in the simulated intestinal phase of the in vitro system. The viability of encapsulated cells was found to be higher when compared to cells dispersed in buffer, that had been subjected to similar mechanical process as the one conducted to prepare the emulsion systems. Surprisingly, the viability of the processed cells was even higher than that of the cells dispersed in buffer without processing, likely due to shear-induced stress tolerance. To conclude, encapsulation in a double emulsion seems to be a promising strategy to protect A. muciniphila during gastric passage in oral formulations.
    Integrating local cattle development and forestry system in rural East Java
    Nugroho, Eko ; Heijman, W.J.M. ; Ihle, R. ; Oosting, S.J. - \ 2017
    Local subsistence in many tropical regions, is practiced by rural smallholders who commonly diversify their activities to spread risks. They get income and food from crop production, collection of forest resources, off-farm work and keeping cattle. Forest degradation has become a growing problem. FAO (2016) reveals that large-scale commercial agriculture contributes for 40 percent, and local subsistence agriculture contributes for 33 percent to the global forest degradation. To the best of our knowledge, studies investigating the impacts of smallholder cattle production on forest degradation have received little academic attention. Therefore, this thesis aims at assessing this relation. The integration of catlle production and forest management is of great interest for reconciling Indonesian efforts for beef selfsufficiency and sustainable teak forest management. The objective of this thesis is to examine whether beef cattle production can be integrated with forest use in such a way that sustainable forest management and smallholder livelihoods can coexist. To study this, I will investigate first the contributions of various farm activities to smallholder incomes, second, the impacts of present land use activities on forest degradation, third the impacts of the government policy to increase beef cattle production, and, finally, the options for integrated cattle-forest conservation policies will be explored.
    Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences
    Wijedasa, Lahiru S. ; Jauhiainen, Jyrki ; Könönen, Mari ; Lampela, Maija ; Vasander, Harri ; Leblanc, Marie-Claire ; Evers, Stephanie ; Smith, Thomas E.L. ; Yule, Catherine M. ; Varkkey, Helena ; Lupascu, Massimo ; Parish, Faizal ; Singleton, Ian ; Clements, Gopalasamy R. ; Aziz, Sheema Abdul ; Harrison, Mark E. ; Cheyne, Susan ; Anshari, Gusti Z. ; Meijaard, Erik ; Goldstein, Jenny E. ; Waldron, Susan ; Hergoualc'h, Kristell ; Dommain, Rene ; Frolking, Steve ; Evans, Christopher D. ; Posa, Mary Rose C. ; Glaser, Paul H. ; Suryadiputra, Nyoman ; Lubis, Reza ; Santika, Truly ; Padfield, Rory ; Kurnianto, Sofyan ; Hadisiswoyo, Panut ; Lim, Teck Wyn ; Page, Susan E. ; Gauci, Vincent ; Meer, Peter J. Van Der; Buckland, Helen ; Garnier, Fabien ; Samuel, Marshall K. ; Choo, Liza Nuriati Lim Kim ; O'reilly, Patrick ; Warren, Matthew ; Suksuwan, Surin ; Sumarga, Elham ; Jain, Anuj ; Laurance, William F. ; Couwenberg, John ; Joosten, Hans ; Vernimmen, Ronald ; Hooijer, Aljosja ; Malins, Chris ; Cochrane, Mark A. ; Perumal, Balu ; Siegert, Florian ; Peh, Kelvin S.H. ; Comeau, Louis-Pierre ; Verchot, Louis ; Harvey, Charles F. ; Cobb, Alex ; Jaafar, Zeehan ; Wösten, Henk ; Manuri, Solichin ; Müller, Moritz ; Giesen, Wim ; Phelps, Jacob ; Yong, Ding Li ; Silvius, Marcel ; Wedeux, Béatrice M.M. ; Hoyt, Alison ; Osaki, Mitsuru ; Hirano, Takashi ; Takahashi, Hidenori ; Kohyama, Takashi S. ; Haraguchi, Akira ; Nugroho, Nunung P. ; Coomes, David A. ; Quoi, Le Phat ; Dohong, Alue ; Gunawan, Haris ; Gaveau, David L.A. ; Langner, Andreas ; Lim, Felix K.S. ; Edwards, David P. ; Giam, Xingli ; Werf, Guido Van Der; Carmenta, Rachel ; Verwer, Caspar C. ; Gibson, Luke ; Gandois, Laure ; Graham, Laura Linda Bozena ; Regalino, Jhanson ; Wich, Serge A. ; Rieley, Jack ; Kettridge, Nicholas ; Brown, Chloe ; Pirard, Romain ; Moore, Sam ; Capilla, B.R. ; Ballhorn, Uwe ; Ho, Hua Chew ; Hoscilo, Agata ; Lohberger, Sandra ; Evans, Theodore A. ; Yulianti, Nina ; Blackham, Grace ; Onrizal, O. ; Husson, Simon ; Murdiyarso, Daniel ; Pangala, Sunita ; Cole, Lydia E.S. ; Tacconi, Luca ; Segah, Hendrik ; Tonoto, Prayoto ; Lee, Janice S.H. ; Schmilewski, Gerald ; Wulffraat, Stephan ; Putra, Erianto Indra ; Cattau, Megan E. ; Clymo, R.S. ; Morrison, Ross ; Mujahid, Aazani ; Miettinen, Jukka ; Liew, Soo Chin ; Valpola, Samu ; Wilson, David ; Arcy, Laura D'; Gerding, Michiel ; Sundari, Siti ; Thornton, Sara A. ; Kalisz, Barbara ; Chapman, Stephen J. ; Su, Ahmad Suhaizi Mat ; Basuki, Imam ; Itoh, Masayuki ; Traeholt, Carl ; Sloan, Sean ; Sayok, Alexander K. ; Andersen, Roxane - \ 2017
    Global Change Biology 23 (2017)3. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 977 - 982.
    The first International Peat Congress (IPC) held in the tropics – in Kuching (Malaysia) – brought together over 1000 international peatland scientists and industrial partners from across the world (“International Peat Congress with over 1000 participants!,” 2016). The congress covered all aspects of peatland ecosystems and their management, with a strong focus on the environmental, societal and economic challenges associated with contemporary large-scale agricultural conversion of tropical peat.
    Country report INDONESIA - MFS II EVALUATIONS
    Klaver, D.C. ; Kusters, C.S.L. ; Pradhan, M. ; Vigh, M. ; Groot Bruinderink, M. ; Rossum, I. van; Böhnke, L. ; Wallaart, K. ; Malamas, S. ; Berkhout, E. ; Ni Wayan Suriasatini, ; Sikoki, B. ; Ginting, M.B. ; Mulia, M. ; Ningsih, K. ; Pujiastuti, S. ; Dwi Andari, B. ; Suprobo, N. ; Priyahita, W. ; Sihombing, R.R. ; Rokhmatulloh, S.W. ; Rosita, I. ; Wieriks, M. ; Smidt, H. ; Nugroho, K. ; Prasetyo, K. ; Larastiti, C. ; Amir, S. ; Sutikno, - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (CDI rapporten )
    This report on Indonesia is one of a series of evaluation reports, consisting of ten reports in total, reflecting the results of the jointly-organised MFS II evaluation: - eight country reports (India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Uganda, Indonesia, DR Congo, Liberia, Pakistan); - a synthesis report (covering the eight country studies); and - a report with the results of the international lobbying and advocacy programmes. This series of reports assessed the 2011-2015 contribution of the Dutch Co-Financing System (MFS II) towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals, strengthening international civil society, setting the international agenda and changing decision-makers’ policy and practice, with the ultimate goal of reducing structural poverty. On July 2nd, 2015, the reports were approved by the independent steering committee (see below), which concluded that they meet the quality standards of validity, reliability and usefulness set by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    Yayasan RUANGRUPA end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Prasetyo, K. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-038)
    maatschappelijk middenveld - verandering - governance - sociale participatie - beeldende kunsten - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - change - governance - social participation - visual arts - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of Yayasan RUANGRUPA that is a partner of Hivos. It assesses RUANGRUPA’s contributions towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia using the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which RUANGRUPA contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain RUANGRUPA’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    KKI-WARSI end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Sinung Prasetya, K. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-062) - 86
    maatschappelijk middenveld - verandering - sociale participatie - natuurbescherming - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - change - social participation - nature conservation - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of the Indonesian Organisation KKI-WARSI that is a partner of IUCN-NL. It assesses KKI-WARSI’s efforts towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia and used the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which KKI-WARSI contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain the organisation’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    NTFP-EP end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Larastiti, C. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-068) - 92
    maatschappelijk middenveld - sociale participatie - armoede - bosbestanden - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - social participation - poverty - forest resources - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of Non Timber Forest Product-Exchange Programme (NTFP-EP) that is a partner of IUCN and a part of the Ecosystem Alliance. It assesses NTFP-EP’s contributions towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia using the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which NTFP-EP contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain NTFP-EP’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    LPPSLH end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Sinung Prasetyo, K. ; Sutantio, S. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-060) - 86
    maatschappelijk middenveld - verandering - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - milieu - sociale participatie - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - change - natural resources - environment - social participation - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of the Indonesian Foundation for Research and Development of Natural Resources and Environment –LPPSLH that is a partner of Hivos. It assesses LPPSLH’s efforts towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia, using the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which LPPSLH contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain LPPSLH’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    Kantor Berita Radio (KBR) end line reportKantor Berita Radio (KBR) end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Smidt, H. ; Nugroho, K. ; Amir, S. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-024) - 74
    maatschappelijk middenveld - sociale participatie - radio - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - social participation - radio - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of the Kantor Berita Radio 68H (KBR68H), a partner of Free Press Unlimited in Indonesia. It assesses how KBR68H has contributed towards strengthening civil society in Indonesia using the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered relate to changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which KBR68H contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made, and an identification of factors that explain KBR68H’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    ELSAM end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Amir, S. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-039) - 83
    maatschappelijk middenveld - sociale participatie - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - governance - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - social participation - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - governance - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of ELSAM that is a partner of Hivos. It assesses ELSAM’s contribution towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia and it used the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which ELSAM contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain ELSAM’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    Combine Resource Institute end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Sinung Prasetyo, K. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-064) - 88
    maatschappelijk middenveld - sociale participatie - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - evaluatie - nederland - indonesië - civil society - social participation - poverty - community development - development - development cooperation - evaluation - netherlands - indonesia
    This report describes the results of the end line assessment of Combine Resource Institute (CRI) in Indonesia that that is a partner of Hivos. It assesses CRI’s contribution towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia and for this exercise it used the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which CRI contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain CRI’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    Common Room end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component
    Klaver, D.C. ; Nugroho, K. ; Smidt, H. ; Prasetyo, K. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (Report / CDI 15-061) - 77
    maatschappelijk middenveld - sociale participatie - armoede - gemeenschapsontwikkeling - evaluatie - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - ontwikkeling - indonesië - nederland - civil society - social participation - poverty - community development - evaluation - development cooperation - development - indonesia - netherlands
    This report describes the findings of the end line assessment of the Indonesian organisation Common Room that is a partner of Hivos. It assesses Common Room’s contribution towards strengthening Civil Society in Indonesia and for this exercise it used the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a baseline study conducted in 2012. Key questions that are being answered comprise changes in the five CIVICUS dimensions to which Common Room contributed; the nature of its contribution; the relevance of the contribution made and an identification of factors that explain Common Room’s role in civil society strengthening. The evaluation was commissioned by NWO-WOTRO, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research in the Netherlands and is part of the programmatic evaluation of the Co-Financing System - MFS II financed by the Dutch Government, whose overall aim is to strengthen civil society in the South as a building block for structural poverty reduction. Apart from assessing impact on MDGs, the evaluation also assesses the contribution of the Dutch Co-Funding Agencies to strengthen the capacities of their Southern Partners, as well as the contribution of these partners towards building a vibrant civil society arena.
    Effort allocation of anchored fish aggregation devices (FADs)-based fisheries in the North Sulawesi, Indonesia
    Nugroho-Satrioajie, W. ; Froe, E. de; Zwieten, P.A.M. van; Wouthuyzen, S. ; Rijnsdorp, A.D. - \ 2014
    In: Book of Abstracts from the 6th International Conference on Agribusiness Economics and Management (ICAEM2014). - - p. 6 - 6.
    Anchored fish aggregation devices (FADs) have been used by Indonesian fishers since the 1980s. The use of anchored FADs has a significant role in fishing activities; however, the information of the effort allocation and fishing strategies of fishers using FADS are poorly understood. An interview survey of 87 fishers consisting of 42 medium purse seiners (boat capacity of 16-30 GT) and frame survey of FADs locations through logs of handliners and pole-and-liners were done in North Sulawesi. The area is surrounded by two seas: Celebes and Molucca. Considering that the medium purse seiners are the main users of FADs, we analyzed the catch variances and the determinants of FAD distribution, including the different types, as well as operational and environmental factors. A total of 1105 FADs were distributed in the Celebes Sea (309) and the Molucca Sea (796). Our analysis demonstrates that the fishing strategy in the Celebes Sea is different from the strategy used in the Molucca Sea. Majority of the respondents indicated that at least a part of the owned FADs in the Molucca Sea were guarded at sea from so called 'bungalows,' which are small floating bamboo houses. All the FADs in the Celebes Sea were pontoons without 'bungalolw.' We will discuss what this difference entails for fishing operations. FADs distribution in both areas do not seem to be dependent on the environmental factors as productivity characteristics, oceanography features, and depth. We conclude that the placement of anchored FADs is to be more dependent on operational variables than on the environmental aspects of the area.
    Fish aggregating devices as efficient fishing aides: Impact on catch trends and efforts (poster)
    Macusi, Edison ; Nugroho Satrioajie, Widhya ; Zwieten, P.A.M. van; Poos, J.J. - \ 2013
    Characterising FAD based tuna fisheries within the Philippines and Indonesia
    Macusi, Edison ; Nugroho Satrioajie, Widhya ; Bailey, M. ; Babaran, R. ; Zwieten, P.A.M. van - \ 2013
    In: Proceedings of "Maritime Futures", the 7th MARE People and the Sea conference. - Amsterdam, The Netherlands : Centre for Maritime Research - p. 85 - 86.
    Small-scale tuna fisheries in the Philippines and Indonesia depend largely on the intensive use of fish aggregating devices (FADs), which are called payaos in the Philippines and rumpons in Indonesia. The popularity of payaos and rumpons is based on the associative behaviour of fish to floating objects such as logs or man-made structures. By capitalizing on this relationship, fishers exploit tuna strategically. More than 20% of the total tuna production from the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) comes from Indonesia and the Philippines, meaning improving our understanding of fisheries in these countries has never been more relevant. Using fisher knowledge and local interviews among fishers in Bitung (Indonesia) and General Santos City (Philippines), and secondary data from different fishing grounds in both countries, updates on the types of vessels and fishing gears associated with tuna fishing, fisher behaviour, and tactics in exploiting tuna stocks are provided. This research is an effort to better understand the incentives, from an efficiency standpoint, that FAD fishing provides, and to explain how fishers operate to consolidate their fishing effort around FADs. We also report on the various fish species that are commonly targeted by fishers around FADs. Given the importance of tuna for domestic food consumption, the export market and the ecosystem, there is increasing pressure to manage these fisheries more sustainably. Regulations on FAD fishing, which would focus on fisher behaviour instead of just focusing on the fish alone, may be one management option.
    Antibody responses to avian influeza vaccination in broiler chickens in Indonesia
    Nugroho, E. ; Soejoedono, R.D. ; Purnawarman, T. ; Basri, C. ; Hermans, P.G. ; Muljono, A.T. ; Nell, A.J. - \ 2011
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