Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Effects of a soil surfactant on grass performance and soil wetting of a fairway prone to water repellency
Dekker, Louis W. ; Ritsema, Coen J. ; Oostindie, Klaas ; Wesseling, Jan G. ; Geissen, Violette - \ 2019
Geoderma 338 (2019). - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 481 - 492.
Actual soil water repellency - Critical soil water content - N mineralization - Surfactant - Time Domain Reflectometry - Water drop penetration time (WDPT) test

This study reports on the effects of applications of a soil surfactant on improvement of grass performance and wetting of a sandy golf course fairway, located near Arnhem, the Netherlands. In addition, the influence of the surfactant on soil water repellency and the nitrogen contents in grass leaves, roots and upper 18 cm of the soil profile was investigated. The sandy soil of the fairway exhibits a water repellent behaviour resulting in a lot of localized dry spots (LDS) and poor turf quality during dry periods in spring and summer. In 2012 an experimental site on fairway 10 was divided into eight plots of 2 m by 2 m. Four plots were used as control and on four plots the surfactant was applied 6 times. The effects of the surfactant were studied on the wetting of the soil by measuring the volumetric water content at depths of 0–5 cm with a hand-held Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) device. The grass performance was estimated in 3 distinct classes with percentages of the existence of green grass. Actual water repellency was assessed by putting water drops at regular distances along soil cores which were taken to a depth of 25 cm with a small, 1.5 cm diameter, auger. Applications of the soil surfactant resulted in dramatically improved soil wetting and turfgrass performance. Surfactant applications also resulted in more homogeneous wetting of the soil, reduced development of water repellency and preferential flow paths, and higher N concentration in soil. Since microbial mediated N mineralization is affected by moisture content, the higher N concentrations in the soil are thought to be related to the higher and more homogeneous moisture levels in the treated versus untreated plots. In addition to improved moisture availability, the better turf performance is likely affected by the increased plant available N in the soil which resulted from the more desirable and uniform moisture levels.

1662: Koffie, wereldhandel en de consumptie-revolutie
Zwart, P. de - \ 2018
In: Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland / 't Hart, M., Davids, K., Fatah-Black, K., Heerma van Voss, L., Lucassen, L., Touwen, J., Amsterdam : - ISBN 9789026343995 - p. 275 - 280.
In Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland vertellen meer dan honderd aanstormende en gevestigde Nederlandse onderzoekers op het gebied van geschiedenis en cultuur het wereldwijde verhaal van onze geschiedenis, onder wie Martine Gosselink, Beatrice de Graaf, Lotte Jensen, Gert Oostindie, Lodewijk Petram en Suze Zijlstra. In dit verhelderende en prikkelende boek laten zij zien hoe Nederland de wereld door de eeuwen heen mede heeft vormgegeven, en andersom: hoe Nederland zich onder invloed van verre en nabije buren heeft ontwikkeld. Van de vondst van oermens Krijn in de Noordzee tot orkaan Irma op Sint Maarten en van Bonifatius tot Pim Fortuyn – aan de hand van talloze grote en kleine historische ontwikkelingen en gebeurtenissen laat Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland zien hoezeer Nederland verbonden is met de wereld, en de wereld met Nederland. Wereldgeschiedenis van Nederland is een uitgave van het Huygens Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, een knaw-onderzoeksinstituut op het gebied van geschiedenis en literatuur.

Redactie: Karel Davids, Karwan Fatah-Black, Marjolein ’t Hart, Leo Lucassen en Jeroen Touwen. Hoofdredactie: Lex Heerma van Voss
Performing food and nutritional security in Europe: claims, promises and limitations
Hebinck, Paul ; Oostindie, Henk - \ 2018
Food Security 10 (2018)6. - ISSN 1876-4517 - p. 1311 - 1324.
Food and Nutritional Security (FNS) is attracting growing attention amongst food system scholars. Drawing on assemblage thinking, this article aims to contribute to the ongoing scholarly and policy debate on tackling food problems and societal concerns about the future and direction of the global food system. We make use of assemblage theory and the food and agrarian sociology literature to identify cases for further scrutiny. The cases were selected based on claims and discourses as well as on what is actually happening in everyday reality. The case material has been developed in the context of a collaborative research project on issues of FNS in Europe. These cases are treated conceptually as heterogeneous and fluid socio-material constellations that contain promises to address different aspects of contemporary FNS challenges. An unravelling and unpacking of FNS inspired by assemblage theory enriches the food security debate through focussing on real, performed, new and promising configurations, and their underlying governance arrangements.
Capturing change in European food assistance practices: a transformative social innovation perspective
Hebinck, Aniek ; Galli, Francesca ; Arcuri, Sabrina ; Carroll, Brídín ; O’connor, Deirdre ; Oostindie, Henk - \ 2018
Local Environment 23 (2018)4. - ISSN 1354-9839 - p. 398 - 413.
The food system’s decreasing ability to deliver food security has led to the emergence of food assistance initiatives. Food assistance is highly contested; as some argue, it is a “failure of the state”, while others regard food assistance to be an “extension of the welfare state”. Either way, research suggests that actors within food assistance are rethinking their role in the food system. In this paper, we study three food assistance initiatives, in the Netherlands, Italy and Ireland, that perform new food assistance practices while embedded in specific institutional contexts, and analyse their potential to transform the food system, drawing on Transformative Social Innovation theory. Building on transition and social innovation theory, this recently developed theory distinguishes different levels within systems, named “shades of change”, that are associated with societal transformation. By exploring these “shades” of change in the analysis, we describe aspects of the initiatives’ novel practices, and in relation to the initiative and institutional relations their motivations and expectations. We compare the three cases and discuss how food assistance practices relate to and change (or do not change) the food system. In particular, we elaborate on how these three food assistance initiatives contribute in various ways to local food and welfare system innovation. In doing so, we offer a novel perspective on food assistance initiatives. We argue that they show dynamics that have the potential for more substantial transformation towards food security over time, by building momentum through “small wins”.
Unpacking Dutch multifunctional agrarian pathways as processes of peasantisation and agrarianisation
Oostindie, Henk - \ 2018
Journal of Rural Studies 61 (2018). - ISSN 0743-0167 - p. 255 - 264.
The concepts of agrarianisation and peasantisation will be explored in relation to the emergence and unfolding of multifunctional farms in Dutch metropolitan rural areas. As will be postulated, the emergence of novel, more multifunctional pathways is closely interwoven with a re-positioning of the core functions of farming in rural development, a re-vitalization of family-farming, a re-definition of social-cultural farm boundaries and a redesign of professional identities in Dutch agriculture. Characterizing the specific features of these tendencies not only permits to further underpin the contradictory nature of contemporary processes of peasantisation and agrarianisation but also to demonstrate that these contradictions may be manifested simultaneously within rural spaces and places. Based on the specific balances between and co-evolution of these contradictory processes in Dutch rural settings, as embodied in diversifying multifunctional agrarian pathways, it will be further concluded that classical dichotomies as peasant versus entrepreneur or agriculture versus non-agriculture are increasingly incapable to grasp and unravel contemporary agricultural dynamics.
Creating resilient food systems for enhancing food and nutrition security
Brunori, G. ; Bartolini, F. ; Avermaete, Tessa ; Brzezina, N. ; Marsden, T. ; Faus, A.M. ; Sonnino, R. ; Hebinck, P.G.M. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Helfgott, A. ; Vervoort, J. - \ 2017
Transmango WP7 - 18 p.
Deliverable D7.1-7.2 Policy Recommendations
Oostindië, H.A. ; Hebinck, P.G.M. ; Carroll, B. ; O'Connor, D. - \ 2017
Transmango WP7 - 36 p.
A values-based approach to exploring synergies between livestock farming and landscape conservation in Galicia (Spain)
Swagemakers, Paul ; Garcia, Maria Dolores Dominguez ; Torres, Amanda Onofa ; Oostindie, Henk ; Groot, Jeroen C.J. - \ 2017
Sustainability 9 (2017)11. - ISSN 2071-1050
Ecological capital - Farming styles - Natural resource management - Rural development
The path to sustainable development involves creating coherence and synergies in the complex relationships between economic and ecological systems. In sustaining their farm businesses farmers' differing values influence their decisions about agroecosystem management, leading them to adopt diverging farming practices. This study explores the values of dairy and beef cattle farmers, the assumptions that underpin them, and the various ways that these lead farmers to combine food production with the provision of other ecosystem services, such as landscape conservation and biodiversity preservation. This paper draws on empirical research from Galicia (Spain), a marginal and mountainous European region whose livestock production system has undergone modernization in recent decades, exposing strategic economic, social and ecological vulnerabilities. It applies a Q-methodology to develop a values-based approach to farming. Based on a sample of 24 livestock farmers, whose practices promote landscape conservation and/or biodiversity preservation, the Q-methodology allowed us to identify four 'farming styles'. Further analysis of the practices of the farmers in these groups, based on additional farm data and interview material, suggests that all 24 farmers valorize landscape and nature and consider cattle production and nature conservation to be compatible within their own farm practices. However, the groups differed in the extent to which they have developed synergies between livestock farming and landscape conservation. We conclude by discussing how rural development policy in Galicia could strengthen such practices by providing incentives to farmers and institutionally embedding a shift towards more diversified farming and product development.
Groesbeek-effect, wateroverlast, stroming door vingers en zandkuiltjes
Dekker, L.W. ; Oostindie, K. ; Ritsema, C.J. ; Wesseling, J.G. - \ 2017
Stromingen : vakblad voor hydrologen 28 (2017)2. - ISSN 1382-6069 - p. 7 - 16.
Endogenous development capital and landscape preservation in Galicia, Spain
Swagemakers, Paul ; Onofa Torres, Amanda ; Domínguez García, M.D. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Groot, J.C.J. - \ 2016
Valores de los productores, manejo de la tierra y conservación del paisaje en Galicia, España
Swagemakers, Paul ; Onofa Torres, Amanda ; Domínguez García, M.D. ; Groot, J.C.J. ; Oostindië, H.A. - \ 2016
Capital endógeno: la conservación del paisaje y desarrollo rural en Galicia, España
Swagemakers, Paul ; Onofa Torres, Amanda ; Domínguez García, M.D. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Groot, J.C.J. - \ 2016
Impacts of grass removal on wetting and actual water repellency in a sandy soil
Oostindie, K. ; Dekker, L.W. ; Wesseling, J.G. ; Geissen, V. ; Ritsema, C.J. - \ 2016
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics 65 (2016)1. - ISSN 0042-790X - p. 88 - 98.
Soil water content and actual water repellency were assessed for soil profiles at two sites in a bare and grasscovered plot of a sand pasture, to investigate the impact of the grass removal on both properties. The soil of the plots was sampled six times in vertical transects to a depth of 33 cm between 23 May and 7 October 2002. On each sampling date the soil water contents were measured and the persistence of actual water repellency was determined of field-moist samples. Considerably higher soil water contents were found in the bare versus the grass-covered plots. These alterations are caused by differences between evaporation and transpiration rates across the plots. Noteworthy are the often excessive differences in soil water content at depths of 10 to 30 cm between the bare and grass-covered plots. These differences are a consequence of water uptake by the roots in the grass-covered plots. The water storage in the upper 19 cm of the bare soil was at least two times greater than in the grass-covered soil during dry periods. A major part of the soil profile in the grass-covered plots exhibited extreme water repellency to a depth of 19 cm on all sampling dates, while the soil profile of the bare plots was completely wettable on eight of the twelve sampling dates. Significant differences in persistence of actual water repellency were found between the grass-covered and bare plots.
Urban Agriculture policy-making: Proeftuin040. TRANSMANGO scenario workshop report, the Netherlands
Hebinck, A. ; Villarreal Herrera, G. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Hebinck, P.G.M. ; Zwart, T.A. ; Vervoort, J.M. ; Rutting, L. ; Vrieze, Anke de - \ 2016
Transmango WP2
The food poverty challenge: comparing food assistance across EU countries. A Transformative Social Innovation perspective
Galli, F. ; Hebinck, A. ; Arcuri, S. ; Brunori, G. ; Carroll, B. ; O'Connor, D. ; Oostindië, H.A. - \ 2016
Most people in EU are food secure, but there are socio economic groups that struggle with poverty and health, making them vulnerable to food insecurity and in recent years there has been an increase in people needing food assistance in Europe. As the literature portrays, the position of food assistance in the food system is a contested one. On the one hand, critics describe it as a failure of the state, while others see it as an extension of the welfare state. Responsive policies are hindered by the lack of a universally agreed definition of food poverty, which remains in general peripheral to the work of most policy makers. There is need for an enhanced understanding of the role of food assistance initiatives in the wider welfare landscape of high income countries. This paper departs from the belief that a bottom-up approach is needed to understand the complexity of food assistance mechanisms and that no “one fits all” positions and solutions are helpful in this regard. The aim of this paper is to compare how different approaches to food assistance across Europe contribute to food and nutrition security change, focussing on case studies in Italy, the Netherlands and Ireland. By adopting a Transformative Social Innovation perspective, this comparison sheds light on differences, cross-cutting issues and suggest possible avenues for pursuing better food and nutrition security in Europe. The three case-studies were analysed by comparing them on the level of social innovation, system innovation, game-changers and narratives of changes and allowed us to theorize the transformative capacity of these food assistance initiatives. It concludes that the three diverse cases of food assistance initiatives should not be seen in isolation from the more complex food system. Some of the emerging practices aim, in different ways and contexts, to reshape food assistance capacity and as such contribute to food and nutrition security. As such, the contribution of such initiatives to transformative change in food poverty is difficult to pin down, as it is a multi-layered phenomenon that interacts with many other societal systems.
Lisse effect, Wieringermeer effect en omgekeerd Wieringermeer effect : internationaal onderkend
Dekker, L.W. ; Oostindie, K. ; Wesseling, J.G. - \ 2016
Stromingen : vakblad voor hydrologen 26 (2016)2. - ISSN 1382-6069 - p. 23 - 38.
fluctuaties - neerslag - ingesloten lucht - bodemprofielen - hydrologische gegevens - monitoring - grondwaterstand - fluctuations - precipitation - entrapped air - soil profiles - hydrological data - monitoring - groundwater level
Het Lisse effect, Wieringermeer effect en omgekeerd Wieringermeer effect zijn de oorzaak van onverwacht snelle en grote grondwaterstandsschommelingen. Het Lisse effect is het gevolg van luchtinsluiting tussen het infiltratiefront en het freatisch vlak. Het Wieringermeer en omgekeerd Wieringermeer effect zijn het gevolg van wederzijdse conversie van de volcapillaire zone in de grondwaterzone, na respectievelijk geringe verdamping en geringe neerslaghoeveelheden. In dit artikel wordt een kort overzicht gegeven van deze verschijnselen, die als eerste in Nederland zijn ontdekt en daarna wereldwijd zijn onderkend. Deze hydrologische fenomenen kunnen leiden tot problemen bij het correct modelleren van grondwaterstanden.
Sense and Non-Sense of Local–Global Food Chain Comparison, Empirical Evidence from Dutch and Italian Pork Case Studies
Oostindie, Henk ; Broekhuizen, Rudolf Van; Roest, Kees De; Belletti, Giovanni ; Arfini, Filippo ; Menozzi, Davide ; Hees, Eric - \ 2016
Sustainability 8 (2016)4. - ISSN 2071-1050
Priority setting between local versus global food chains continues to be subject of debate among food, rural and agricultural scholars with an interest in how to support more sustainable food provision and consumption patterns. Recently the FP7 European GLAMUR project targeted to assess and compare the performances of local versus global food chains in a systematic way covering multiple performance dimensions. Especially drawing on empirical research on the performances of three Italian and three Dutch pork chains, it will be argued that meaningful performance comparison needs to acknowledge the complex, multi-facetted and time and place specific interaction patterns between (more) global and (more) local pork chains. Therefore, as regards these pork chains, local–global performance comparison is thought to have hardly significance in isolation from complementary “horizontal” (place-based) and “circular” (waste or by-product valorization oriented) assessments. As will be concluded, this methodological complexity of food chain performance comparison doesn’t allow for simple statements regarding the pros and cons of (more) global versus (more) local pork chains. Hence, it is recommended to avoid such less fruitful local–global dichotomy and to concentrate on more policy relevant questions as: how to facilitate fundamentally different resource-use-efficiency strategies and how to optimize the place-specific interaction between more “local” versus more “global” food systems?
Comparative analysis of pork supply chains in Italy and the Netherlands
Roest, K. De; Belletti, G. ; Arfini, F. ; Menozzi, D. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Broekhuizen, R.E. van; Hees, E. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - 28 p.
GLAMUR case-study report: The comparison of three Dutch pork cases (Tasks 3.5)
Oostindië, H.A. ; Horlings, L.G. ; Broekhuizen, R.E. van; Hees, E. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - 72
pig farming - case studies - netherlands - supply chain management - performance - animal production - intensive livestock farming - sustainable animal husbandry - regional food chains - animal welfare - pigs - animal housing - varkenshouderij - gevalsanalyse - nederland - ketenmanagement - prestatieniveau - dierlijke productie - intensieve veehouderij - duurzame veehouderij - regionale voedselketens - dierenwelzijn - varkens - huisvesting, dieren
This report presents the case study results of local-global pork chain performances in The Netherlands. As part of Work Package 3, this case study was carried out in cooperation with our Italian GLAMUR partner. The Dutch pork production sector came up after World War 2 and developed into a highly intensified and specialized sector, with emphasis in the southern part of the country. As it became possible and economically attractive to transport fodder ingredients over great distances, pig husbandry became a booming sector, with high technology and knowledge input, and a major exporting sector. In the last decade, the number of pig farms reduced sharply, whereas the number of pigs per farm rose constantly. As a consequence of a combination of factors as pig disease outbreaks in the late 90-s, environmental externalities, growing national opposition against animal welfare conditions ánd growing international competition, the pig sector came to a standstill. In this study three chains are compared: first the Good Farming Global pork chain, to be considered Dutch most typical bulk pork chain, oriented towards more anonymous far-from-home markets with basic requirements in terms of low-priced, food safe and mainstream qualified. The second is the Sustainable Pork Chain, developed some 10 years ago on the Environmental certification schema (MK) as a transparent pork chain towards specialized butchers and more critical retailers. Third, the so-called Lupine Pig project has been analyzed, an early-life cycle initiative that responds to national growing demand for more locally sourced pork production.
Deliverable 6.1 Case-study selection and methodological guidelines for local level analysis of food and nutrition security pathways
Hebinck, A. ; Villarreal Herrera, G. ; Oostindië, H.A. ; Hebinck, P.G.M. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Transmango WP6 - 16 p.
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