Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests
Slik, J.W.F. ; Franklin, Janet ; Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor ; Field, Richard ; Aguilar, Salomon ; Aguirre, Nikolay ; Ahumada, Jorge ; Aiba, Shin Ichiro ; Alves, Luciana F. ; Anitha, K. ; Avella, Andres ; Mora, Francisco ; Aymard, Gerardo A.C. ; Báez, Selene ; Balvanera, Patricia ; Bastian, Meredith L. ; Bastin, Jean François ; Bellingham, Peter J. ; Berg, Eduardo Van Den; Conceição Bispo, Polyanna Da; Boeckx, Pascal ; Boehning-Gaese, Katrin ; Bongers, Frans ; Boyle, Brad ; Brambach, Fabian ; Brearley, Francis Q. ; Brown, Sandra ; Chai, Shauna Lee ; Chazdon, Robin L. ; Chen, Shengbin ; Chhang, Phourin ; Chuyong, George ; Ewango, Corneille ; Coronado, Indiana M. ; Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi ; Culmsee, Heike ; Damas, Kipiro ; Dattaraja, H.S. ; Davidar, Priya ; DeWalt, Saara J. ; Din, Hazimah ; Drake, Donald R. ; Duque, Alvaro ; Durigan, Giselda ; Eichhorn, Karl ; Eler, Eduardo Schmidt ; Enoki, Tsutomu ; Ensslin, Andreas ; Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain ; Farwig, Nina ; Feeley, Kenneth J. ; Fischer, Markus ; Forshed, Olle ; Garcia, Queila Souza ; Garkoti, Satish Chandra ; Gillespie, Thomas W. ; Gillet, Jean Francois ; Gonmadje, Christelle ; Granzow-De La Cerda, Iñigo ; Griffith, Daniel M. ; Grogan, James ; Hakeem, Khalid Rehman ; Harris, David J. ; Harrison, Rhett D. ; Hector, Andy ; Hemp, Andreas ; Homeier, Jürgen ; Hussain, M.S. ; Ibarra-Manríquez, Guillermo ; Hanum, I.F. ; Imai, Nobuo ; Jansen, Patrick A. ; Joly, Carlos Alfredo ; Joseph, Shijo ; Kartawinata, Kuswata ; Kearsley, Elizabeth ; Kelly, Daniel L. ; Kessler, Michael ; Killeen, Timothy J. ; Kooyman, Robert M. ; Laumonier, Yves ; Laurance, Susan G. ; Laurance, William F. ; Lawes, Michael J. ; Letcher, Susan G. ; Lindsell, Jeremy ; Lovett, Jon ; Lozada, Jose ; Lu, Xinghui ; Lykke, Anne Mette ; Mahmud, Khairil Bin; Mahayani, Ni Putu Diana ; Mansor, Asyraf ; Marshall, Andrew R. ; Martin, Emanuel H. ; Matos, Darley Calderado Leal ; Meave, Jorge A. ; Melo, Felipe P.L. ; Mendoza, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre ; Metali, Faizah ; Medjibe, Vincent P. ; Metzger, Jean Paul ; Metzker, Thiago ; Mohandass, D. ; Munguía-Rosas, Miguel A. ; Muñoz, Rodrigo ; Nurtjahy, Eddy ; Oliveira, Eddie Lenza De; Onrizal, ; Parolin, Pia ; Parren, Marc ; Parthasarathy, N. ; Paudel, Ekananda ; Perez, Rolando ; Pérez-García, Eduardo A. ; Pommer, Ulf ; Poorter, Lourens ; Qi, Lan ; Piedade, Maria Teresa F. ; Pinto, José Roberto Rodrigues ; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg ; Poulsen, John R. ; Powers, Jennifer S. ; Prasad, Rama Chandra ; Puyravaud, Jean Philippe ; Rangel, Orlando ; Reitsma, Jan ; Rocha, Diogo S.B. ; Rolim, Samir ; Rovero, Francesco ; Rozak, Andes ; Ruokolainen, Kalle ; Rutishauser, Ervan ; Rutten, Gemma ; Mohd Said, Mohd Nizam ; Saiter, Felipe Z. ; Saner, Philippe ; Santos, Braulio ; Santos, João Roberto Dos; Sarker, Swapan Kumar ; Schmitt, Christine B. ; Schoengart, Jochen ; Schulze, Mark ; Sheil, Douglas ; Sist, Plinio ; Souza, Alexandre F. ; Spironello, Wilson Roberto ; Sposito, Tereza ; Steinmetz, Robert ; Stevart, Tariq ; Suganuma, Marcio Seiji ; Sukri, Rahayu ; Sultana, Aisha ; Sukumar, Raman ; Sunderland, Terry ; Supriyadi, S. ; Suresh, H.S. ; Suzuki, Eizi ; Tabarelli, Marcelo ; Tang, Jianwei ; Tanner, Ed V.J. ; Targhetta, Natalia ; Theilade, Ida ; Thomas, Duncan ; Timberlake, Jonathan ; Morisson Valeriano, Márcio De; Valkenburg, Johan Van; Do, Tran Van; Sam, Hoang Van; Vandermeer, John H. ; Verbeeck, Hans ; Vetaas, Ole Reidar ; Adekunle, Victor ; Vieira, Simone A. ; Webb, Campbell O. ; Webb, Edward L. ; Whitfeld, Timothy ; Wich, Serge ; Williams, John ; Wiser, Susan ; Wittmann, Florian ; Yang, Xiaobo ; Yao, C.Y.A. ; Yap, Sandra L. ; Zahawi, Rakan A. ; Zakaria, Rahmad ; Zang, Runguo - \ 2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115 (2018)8. - ISSN 0027-8424 - p. 1837 - 1842.
Biogeographic legacies - Forest classification - Forest functional similarity - Phylogenetic community distance - Tropical forests
Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northernhemisphere forests.
|Effect of butyrate release location on cecal microbiota composition of broilers
Moquet, P.C.A. ; Tang, C. ; Onrust, L. ; Kwakkel, R.P. - \ 2017
|New food emulsions stabilized by colloidal lipid particles with tailored microstructure
Schroder, Anja - \ 2017
|AOCS Annual Meeting and Industry Showcases
Schroder, Anja - \ 2017
|New Food Emulsions Stabilized by Colloidal lipid Particles with Tailored Microstructure
Schroder, Anja - \ 2017
Effect of on-farm hatching of broiler chickens on welfare and performance
Jong, I.C. de; Cardinaels, Sofie ; Gunnink, H. ; Baere, Kris De; Kempen, Ine ; Zoons, Johan ; Hattum, T.G. van; Ven, Lotte van de - \ 2017
- p. 98 - 98.
|How Insider Trading Endorses Firm Innovation
Wies, S. ; Derwall, J. ; Hoffmann, A. ; Pennings, J.M.E. - \ 2017
|2017 Winter AMA (American Marketing Association) Conference
Pennings, Joost - \ 2017
How Insider Trading Endorses Firm Innovation
International Conference for Entomology
Vosman, Ben - \ 2016
In order to draw more attention to the research on host plant resistance, a symposium was organized on this subject during the international conference for entomology (Orlando, Florida, USA. September 25-30 2016).
ICE 2016 XXV International congress of Entomology
Vosman, Ben - \ 2016
Host Plant resistance towards insects
|Host plant resistance towards insects
Vosman, Ben - \ 2016
|Matrix models for Arctic Calanus species: using experimental toxicity data for oil components to assess population level effects
Jak, R.G. ; Vries, P. de; Tamis, J.E. ; Hjorth, M. ; Falk-Petersen, S. ; Hemerik, A. - \ 2016
In: Abstract book 7th SETAC World Congress SETAC North America 37th Annual Meeting. - Orlando : SETAC - p. 314 - 314.
When assessing population level effects of oil spills, data are required on
both the life history parameters of species and toxicity end-points. We
constructed age-structured matrix models for Arctic copepods to predict
the impact of potential oil spills at the population level. Two matrix models
were defined, representing the Arctic shelf species Calanus glacialis,
spawning in waters all around the Arctic shelf and C. hyperboreus, the
Arctic oceanic species connected to deep-sea, with a 2x2 and a 4x4 matrix
model, respectively, which refer to a 2-year and a 4-year life-cycle. The
post-breeding models included egg production and mortality rates as lifehistory
parameters. Relevant Arctic conditions were taken into account by
defining a winter diapause period, where no mortality is assumed to take
place. Toxicity information on exposure to oil and oil-components was
collected for Calanus species. It appeared that the life-history parameter
with the highest elasticity in the model was the adult survival, meaning that
changes therein have most impact on the output, i.e. population size. This
is because the adult class produces offspring. Published data on mortality
rates in field and laboratory studies appeared too high to maintain viable
populations. Therefore, we modified these parameter values such that modeled
populations became viable. Adequate toxicity information on oil and
oil components for Calanus species appeared to be scarce, and we therefore
selected pyrene as a model compound. However, reported end points for
pyrene were not directly applicable in the matrix model, and we developed
new approaches to derive a dose-response relationship from the available
data. Based on the generic matrix models, simulation models using day-today
calculation steps were developed to test the effects of various oil spill
scenarios at the population level, taking into account a range of exposure
concentrations and exposure durations. The results show that the calculated
population effects are very different, when based on different types
of effect concentrations (NOEC, LOEC and LC50). We argue that simple
matrix models are very useful to assess the potential impacts of oil spills
at the ecological relevant population level, but that scarcity of information
limits an accurate quantitative assessment. A more realistic estimate of
natural survival rates and the toxic effects thereupon will allow for a better
assessment of population level consequences of an oil spill.
|SETAC North America 37th Annual Meeting
Arts, Gertie - \ 2016
|Glyceria Work Group. Update Presentation
Davies, J. ; Kuhl, K. ; Arts, G.H.P. - \ 2016
A novel approach for chewing detection based on a wearable PPG sensor
Papapanagiotou, Vasileios ; Diou, Christos ; Zhou, Lingchuan ; Boer, Janet van den; Mars, Monica ; Delopoulos, Anastasios - \ 2016
In: Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS. - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. - ISBN 9781457702204 - p. 6485 - 6488.
Monitoring of human eating behaviour has been attracting interest over the last few years, as a means to a healthy lifestyle, but also due to its association with serious health conditions, such as eating disorders and obesity. Use of self-reports and other non-automated means of monitoring have been found to be unreliable, compared to the use of wearable sensors. Various modalities have been reported, such as acoustic signal from ear-worn microphones, or signal from wearable strain sensors. In this work, we introduce a new sensor for the task of chewing detection, based on a novel photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor placed on the outer earlobe to perform the task. We also present a processing pipeline that includes two chewing detection algorithms from literature and one new algorithm, to process the captured PPG signal, and present their effectiveness. Experiments are performed on an annotated dataset recorded from 21 individuals, including more than 10 hours of eating and non-eating activities. Results show that the PPG sensor can be successfully used to support dietary monitoring.
Comparative evaluation of naturally ventilated screenhouse and evaporative cooled greenhouse based on optimal vapor pressure deficit
Shamshiri, Ramin ; Ahmad, Desa ; Wan Ismail, Wan Ishak ; Man, Hasfalin Che ; Zakaria, Abd Jamil ; Beveren, Peter Van; Yamin, Muhammad - \ 2016
In: 2016 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting, ASABE 2016. - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - ISBN 9781510828759 - 10 p.
Evaporative cooling - Greenhouse - Natural ventilation - Optimal - Screenhouse - Tomato - Vapor pressure deficit
The objective of this study was to compare two closed-field plant production environments for tomato cultivation based on optimal vapor pressure deficit (VPD). Experiment was carried out in tropical lowlands of Malaysia by collecting 11 days of sample data during March (2014), from an evaporative cooled Polycarbonate Panel (PP) covered greenhouse and a naturally ventilated Screenhouse (SH). A computer application was designed and used for VPD calculation and data processing with respect to three light conditions (night, sun and cloud). The average and maximum VPD were respectively equal to 0.97 and 3.81 kPa for SH and 1.19 and 5.1 kPa for PP. The largest differences in the VPD of the two environments were between 2.9 and 3.1 kPa and were observed between hours of 12:30 and 17:30 at sun conditions. Results did not show significant differences in the two environments between hours of 00:00 and 8:00, when inside air temperature was between 24 to 26°C, and relative humidity was near 90%. The hypothesis that the PP, compared to SH, provides VPD closer to the optimal range was rejected. Further analysis of the results showed that linear correlations with R2>0.9 exist between daily averaged VPD of each greenhouses. It was concluded that VPD in the SH was closer to the optimal range in the entire days of experiment. The outcome of this study contributes to knowledge-based information for greenhouse growers by addressing questions about trends in VPD data, peak-hours and light conditions associated with maximum and minimum values.
|Evasive maneuvers in freely flying fruit flies consist of rapid visually-directed banked turns
Muijres, F.T. - \ 2016
- p. 213 - 213.
|Modeling Activated Carbon Amendments in Shallow Ecosystems
Rakowska, M.I. ; Kupryianchyk, D. ; Reible, D. ; Koelmans, A.A. - \ 2016
The interaction between cyanobacteria and zooplankton in a more eutrophic world
Ger, Kemal Ali ; Urrutia-Cordero, Pablo ; Frost, Paul C. ; Hansson, Lars Anders ; Sarnelle, Orlando ; Wilson, Alan E. ; Lurling, Miguel - \ 2016
Harmful Algae 54 (2016). - ISSN 1568-9883 - p. 128 - 144.
Co-evolution - Eutrophication - Grazing - Local-adaptation - Plankton
As blooms of cyanobacteria expand and intensify in freshwater systems globally, there is increasing interest in their ecological effects. In addition to being public health hazards, cyanobacteria have long been considered a poor quality food for key zooplankton grazers that link phytoplankton to higher trophic levels. While past laboratory studies have found negative effects of nutritional constraints and defensive traits (i.e., toxicity and colonial or filamentous morphology) on the fitness of large generalist grazers (i.e., Daphnia), cyanobacterial blooms often co-exist with high biomass of small-bodied zooplankton in nature. Indeed, recent studies highlight the remarkable diversity and flexibility in zooplankton responses to cyanobacterial prey. Reviewed here are results from a wide range of laboratory and field experiments examining the interaction of cyanobacteria and a diverse zooplankton taxa including cladocerans, copepods, and heterotrophic protists from temperate to tropical freshwater systems. This synthesis shows that longer exposure to cyanobacteria can shift zooplankton communities toward better-adapted species, select for more tolerant genotypes within a species, and induce traits within the lifetime of individual zooplankton. In turn, the function of bloom-dominated plankton ecosystems, the coupling between primary producers and grazers, the stability of blooms, and the potential to use top down biomanipulation for controlling cyanobacteria depend largely on the species, abundance, and traits of interacting cyanobacteria and zooplankton. Understanding the drivers and consequences of zooplankton traits, such as physiological detoxification and selective vs. generalist grazing behavior, are therefore of major importance for future studies. Ultimately, co-evolutionary dynamics between cyanobacteria and their grazers may emerge as a critical regulator of blooms.
|Urban Evapotranspiration in a Humid Environment - Orlando, Florida, USA
Sumner, David M. ; Jacobs, C.M.J. - \ 2016
In: Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. - Asheville, NC, USA : U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station - p. 246 - 246.
An areally-integrated assessment of ET ux was obtained using eddy covariance methods over an urban/suburban landscape in the humid sub-tropical environment of Orlando, Florida, USA. Mean annual ET during the 3.5-year study period was 921 mm. On average, ET returned a large fraction of rainfall to the atmosphere (72 percent). But annual rainfall varied much more on a year-to-year basis (922 to 1,746 mm) than did urban ET (843 to 974 mm). Interestingly, 12-month periods of relatively high ET occurred during drier periods and
12-month periods of relatively low ET occurred during wetter periods. These results may be related to the generally drier atmosphere and less cloud cover that occur during lower rainfall periods. In addition, this largely urban environment is not subject to large soil moisture limitations because of the prevalence of lawn irrigation and lakes. Corroboration of the ET measurements was provided by independent water budgets for two watersheds that make up
much of the source area for the ET measurements. An urban analogue to the “crop coef€cient” concept was derived for the studied landscape. This metric was combined with an available satellite-based, State of Florida reference ET product (http://.water.usgs.gov/et/) to provide a method for transferring the results of this study to similar landscapes for other time periods and geographic areas. The results of this investigation in a humid, sub-tropical urban setting
are compared and contrasted with urban ET estimates for other environments