Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Forest plantations in Southwestern Europe : A comparative trend analysis on investment returns, markets and policies
Pra, Alex ; Masiero, Mauro ; Barreiro, Susana ; Tomé, Margarida ; Martinez De Arano, Inazio ; Orradre, Gabriel ; Onaindia, Aitor ; Brotto, Lucio ; Pettenella, Davide - \ 2019
Forest Policy and Economics 109 (2019). - ISSN 1389-9341
Europe - Financial analysis - Forest plantations - Investment returns - Market trends - Timber production

This paper represents the first analysis of forest plantation investments on a comparative perspective in the context of Southwestern Europe. We estimated and compared potential investment returns at aggregate level for some of the most important productive forest plantation species in the region, including hybrid poplar in northern Italy, in Castile and León (Spain) and in Navarre (Spain), eucalyptus and maritime pine in Portugal, and radiata pine in the Basque Country (Spain). We carried out a financial analysis before-taxes, using typical capital budgeting indicators. Indicators were calculated according to a baseline scenario as well as in alternative scenarios, analyzing how the main policy and market factors influence returns. We also carried out a trend analysis to provide means for comparing the evolution of expected and actual returns in recent years. Overall, our results indicate that in Southwestern Europe there are some opportunities for reasonably attractive investment returns (IRR > 5%) from forest plantations mainly for current landowners and forest products industry, and only in some cases potentially interesting also for financial investors. Nevertheless, there are significant differences among species and contexts as well as structural limitations in the region – i.e. related to timber market, biotic and abiotic risks and forest holdings structure – that new investors would have to take into consideration. More in specific, hybrid poplar plantations in Italy and Spain are estimated to provide on average the potentially highest returns, but the large range of variability and the high land and opportunity costs are unlikely to make them an attractive investment for non-landowners. Eucalyptus plantations in Portugal are estimated to be the only investment where non-landowners could expect to get relatively interesting and stable returns, although a recent law reform in the country could limit new investments. Maritime pine and radiata pine plantations in Portugal and Spain present lower returns, suffering the situation of depressed stumpage prices after the 2008 economic crisis, which strongly affected the sawmilling sector.

Forest decision support systems for the analysis of ecosystem services provisioning at the landscape scale under global climate and market change scenarios
Nordström, Eva-Maria ; Nieuwenhuis, Maarten ; Başkent, Emin Zeki ; Biber, Peter ; Black, Kevin ; Borges, Jose G. ; Bugalho, Miguel N. ; Corradini, Giulia ; Corrigan, Edwin ; Eriksson, Ljusk Ola ; Felton, Adam ; Forsell, Nicklas ; Hengeveld, Geerten ; Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke ; Korosuo, Anu ; Lindbladh, Matts ; Lodin, Isak ; Lundholm, Anders ; Marto, Marco ; Masiero, Mauro ; Mozgeris, Gintautas ; Pettenella, Davide ; Poschenrieder, Werner ; Sedmak, Robert ; Tucek, Jan ; Zoccatelli, Davide - \ 2019
European Journal of Forest Research 138 (2019)4. - ISSN 1612-4669 - p. 561 - 581.
Sustainable forest management is driving the development of forest decision support systems (DSSs) to include models and methods concerned with climate change, biodiversity and various ecosystem services (ESs). The future development of forest landscapes is very much dependent on how forest owners act and what goes on in the wider world; thus, models are needed that incorporate these aspects. The objective of this study is to assess how nine European state-of-the-art forest DSSs cope with these issues. The assessment focuses on the ability of these DSSs to generate landscape-level scenarios to explore the output of current and alternative forest management models (FMMs) in terms of a range of ESs and the robustness of these FMMs in the face of increased risks and uncertainty. Results show that all DSSs assessed in this study can be used to quantify the impacts of both stand- and landscape-level FMMs on the provision of a range of ESs over a typical planning horizon. DSSs can be used to assess how timber price trends may impact that provision over time. The inclusion of forest owner behavior as reflected by the adoption of specific FMMs seems to be also in the reach of all DSSs. Nevertheless, some DSSs need more data and development of models to estimate the impacts of climate change on biomass production and other ESs. Spatial analysis functionality needs to be further developed for a more accurate assessment of the landscape-level output of ESs from both current and alternative FMMs.
Study on progress in implementing the EU Forest Strategy - Evaluation Study
Wolfslehner, B. ; Aggestam, F. ; Hurmekoski, E. ; Kulikova, E. ; Lindner, Marcus ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Pettenella, D. ; Pülzl, H. ; Giessen, L. ; Arets, E.J.M.M. ; Hendriks, C.M.A. - \ 2018
European Forest Institute - ISBN 9789279864896 - 182 p.
Set of Methods to Assess SI Implications at Different Levels
Secco, Laura ; Pisani, Elena ; Burlando, Catie ; Re, Riccardo Da; Gatto, Paola ; Pettenella, Davide ; Vassilopoulos, Achilleas ; Akinsete, Ebun ; Koundouri, Phoebe ; Lopolito, Antonio ; Prosperi, Maurizio ; Tuomasiukka, Diana ; Herde, Micheal Den; Lovric, Marko ; Polman, N.B.P. ; Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Soma, K. ; Ludvig, Alice ; Weiss, Gerhard ; Zivojinovic, Ivana ; Sarkki, Simo ; Ravazzoli, Elisa ; Torre, Cristina Dalla; Streifeneder, Thomas ; Slee, Bill ; Nijnik, Maria ; Miller, David ; Barlagne, Carla ; Prokofieva, Irina - \ 2017
SIMRA - 203 p.
The role of forests in bioeconomy strategies at the domestic and EU level
Pülzl, H. ; Giurca, Alexandru ; Kleinschmit, D. ; Arts, B.J.M. ; Mustalahti, Irmeli ; Sergent, Arnaud ; Secco, Laura ; Pettenella, Davide ; Brukas, Vilis - \ 2017
In: Towards a sustainable European forest-based bioeconomy / Winkel, G., Bonn : European Forest Institute (What Science Can Tell Us 8) - ISBN 9789525980417 - p. 36 - 53.
Decision Support Tools and Strategies to Simulate Forest Landscape Evolutions Integrating Forest Owner Behaviour: A Review from the Case Studies of the European Project, INTEGRAL
Orazio, Christophe ; Montoya, Rebeca ; Régolini, Margot ; Borges, José ; Garcia-Gonzalo, Jordi ; Barreiro, Susana ; Botequim, Brigite ; Marques, Susete ; Sedmák, Róbert ; Smreček, Róbert ; Brodrechtová, Yvonne ; Brukas, Vilis ; Chirici, Gherardo ; Marchetti, Marco ; Moshammer, Ralf ; Biber, Peter ; Corrigan, Edwin ; Eriksson, Ljusk ; Favero, Matteo ; Galev, Emil ; Hengeveld, Geerten ; Kavaliauskas, Marius ; Mozgeris, Gintautas ; Navrátil, Rudolf ; Nieuwenhuis, Maarten ; Paligorov, Ivan ; Pettenella, Davide ; Stanislovaitis, Andrius ; Tomé, Margarida ; Trubins, Renats ; Tuček, Ján ; Vizzarri, Matteo ; Wallin, Ida ; Pretzsch, Hans ; Sallnäs, Ola - \ 2017
Sustainability 9 (2017)4. - ISSN 2071-1050
For forest sustainability and vulnerability assessment, the landscape scale is considered to be more and more relevant as the stand level approaches its known limitations. This review, which describes the main forest landscape simulation tools used in the 20 European case studies of the European project “Future-oriented integrated management of European forest landscapes” (INTEGRAL), gives an update on existing decision support tools to run landscape simulation from Mediterranean to boreal ecosystems. The main growth models and software available in Europe are described, and the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches are discussed. Trades-offs between input efforts and output are illustrated. Recommendations for the selection of a forest landscape simulator are given. The paper concludes by describing the need to have tools that are able to cope with climate change and the need to build more robust indicators for assessment of forest landscape sustainability and vulnerability.
How Sensitive Are Ecosystem Services in European Forest Landscapes to Silvicultural Treatment?
Biber, P. ; Borges, J.G. ; Moshammer, R. ; Barreiro, S. ; Botequim, B. ; Brodrechtová, Y. ; Brukas, V. ; Chirici, G. ; Cordero-Debets, R. ; Corrigan, E. ; Eriksson, L.O. ; Favero, M. ; Galev, E. ; Garcia-Gonzalo, J. ; Hengeveld, G.M. ; Kavaliauskas, M. ; Marchetti, M. ; Marques, S. ; Mozgeris, G. ; Navrátil, R. ; Nieuwenhuis, M. ; Orazio, C. ; Paligorov, I. ; Pettenella, D. ; Sedmák, R. ; Smrecek, R. ; Stanislovaitis, A. ; Tomé, M. ; Trubins, R. ; Tucek, J. ; Vizzarri, M. ; Wallin, I. ; Pretzsch, H. ; Sallnäs, O. - \ 2015
Forests 6 (2015)5. - ISSN 1999-4907 - p. 1666 - 1695.
scenario analysis - simulator silva - climate-change - management - growth - tree - impacts - regions - yield - stand
While sustainable forestry in Europe is characterized by the provision of a multitude of forest ecosystem services, there exists no comprehensive study that scrutinizes their sensitivity to forest management on a pan-European scale, so far. We compile scenario runs from regionally tailored forest growth models and Decision Support Systems (DSS) from 20 case studies throughout Europe and analyze whether the ecosystem service provision depends on management intensity and other co-variables, comprising regional affiliation, social environment, and tree species composition. The simulation runs provide information about the case-specifically most important ecosystem services in terms of appropriate indicators. We found a strong positive correlation between management intensity and wood production, but only weak correlation with protective and socioeconomic forest functions. Interestingly, depending on the forest region, we found that biodiversity can react in both ways, positively and negatively, to increased management intensity. Thus, it may be in tradeoff or in synergy with wood production and forest resource maintenance. The covariables species composition and social environment are of punctual interest only, while the affiliation to a certain region often makes an important difference in terms of an ecosystem service’s treatment sensitivity.
Effects of environmental benefits from afforestation on optimal harvesting age in a mediterranean marginal area
Tassone, V.C. ; Wesseler, J.H.H. ; Kros, H. ; Nesci, F.S. - \ 2008
In: The multifunctional role of forests: policies, methods and case studies. EFI Proceedings n. 55, Padova, Italy, 24-30 April 2005. - Joensuu, Finland : European Forest Institute - ISBN 9789525453140 - p. 327 - 340.
Mitigating climate change via afforestation in Ukraine
Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
In: Forestry in transition: Redefining the role of forestry sector in Ukraine / Essman, H., Pettenella, D., Padova : Padova-Frieberg-Lviv Universities - p. 160 - 175.
Managing sustainability in Ukrainian forestry
Nijnik, M. - \ 2002
In: Forestry in transition: Redefining the role of forestry sector in Ukraine / Essman, H., Pettenella, D., Padova : Padova-Frieberg-Lviv Universities - p. 25 - 45.
Revising forestry curricula: some recommendations at the end of the Workshop.
Schmidt, P. ; Pettenella, D. - \ 1998
In: New requirements for university education in forestry - p. 113 - 118.
Revising forestry curricula: some considerations at the start of the Workshop.
Schmidt, P. - \ 1998
In: New requirements for university education in forestry. P. Schmidt, J. Huss, S. Lewark, D. Pettenella, O. Saastamoinen (eds.) Demeter Series 1 - p. 7 - 14.
Objectives of forestry university education according to current curricula.
Huss, J. ; Schmidt, P. - \ 1998
In: New requirements for university education in forestry - p. 95 - 108.
Proposal for a MSc in European forestry.
Gossow, H. ; Schmidt, P. - \ 1998
In: New requirements for university education in forestry - p. 383 - 385.
Effects of an energy tax for Dutch agriculture.
Komen, M.H.C. ; Peerlings, J.H.M. - \ 1997
In: Climate Change Mitigation and European Land Use Policies / Adger, W.N., Pettenella, D., Whitby, M., Wallingford, UK : C.A.B. International - p. 171 - 185.
Economic instruments and the Pasture-Crop-Forest interface.
Kooten, G.C. van; Folmer, H. - \ 1997
In: Climate-chane Mitigation and European Land-use Policies / Adger, W.N., Pettenella, D., Whitby, M.,
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