Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Biocultural diversity: A novel concept to assess human-nature interrelations, nature conservation and stewardship in cities
Elands, B.H.M. ; Vierikko, K. ; Andersson, E. ; Fischer, L.K. ; Gonçalves, P. ; Haase, D. ; Kowarik, Ingo ; Luz, A.C. ; Niemelä,, J. ; Santos-Reis, M. ; Wiersum, K.F. - \ 2019
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 40 (2019). - ISSN 1618-8667 - p. 29 - 34.
Biocultural diversity is an evolving perspective for studying the interrelatedness between people and their natural environment, not only in ecoregional hotspots and cultural landscapes, but also in urban green spaces. Developed in the 1990s in order to denote the diversity of life in all its manifestations―biological, cultural and linguistic―co-evolving within complex socio-ecological systems such as cities, biocultural diversity was identified in the GREEN SURGE project as a response to recent challenges cities face. Most important challenges are
the loss of nature and degradation of ecosystems in and around cities as well as an alienation of urban residents from and loss of interaction with nature. The notion of biocultural diversity is dynamic in nature and takes local values and practices of relating to biodiversity of different cultural groups as a starting point for sustainable living with biodiversity. The issue is not only how to preserve or restore biocultural practices and values, but also how to modify, adapt and create biocultural diversity in ways that resonate with urban transformations. As future societies will largely diverge from today’s societies, the cultural perspective on living with (urban) nature needs careful reconsideration. Biocultural diversity is not conceived as a definite concept providing prescriptions of what to see and study, but as a reflexive and sensitising concept that can be used to assess the different values and knowledge of people that reflect how they live with biodiversity. This short communication paper introduces a conceptual framework for studying the multi-dimensional features of biocultural diversity in cities along the three key dimensions of materialized, lived and stewardship, being departure points from which biocultural diversity can be studied.
Biocultural diversity indicators as a support-decision tool for planning and managing urban green spaces
Gonçalves, P. ; Vierikko, Kati ; Elands, B.H.M. ; Luz, A.C. ; Branquinho, C. ; Santos-Reis, M. - \ 2017
In: Spaces of dialog for places of dignity. - - p. 489 - 489.
Advances urban green infrastructure planning and implementation : innovative approaches and strategies from European cities
Hansen, R. ; Rolf, W. ; Rall, E. ; Pauleit, S. ; Erlwein, S. ; Fohlmeister, S. ; Santos, A. ; Luz, A.C. ; Branquinho, C. ; Santos-Reis, M. ; Gerőházi, E. ; Száraz, L. ; Tosics, I. ; Davies, C. ; DeBellis, Y. ; Lafortezza, R. ; Vierikko, K. ; Jagt, A. van der; Cvejić, R. ; Zeleznikar, S. ; Nastran, M. ; Pintar, M. ; Hjorth Caspersen, O. ; Olafsson, A.S. ; Gentin, S. ; Kronenberg, J. ; Delshammar, T. ; Mattijssen, T.J.M. ; Otten, R. - \ 2016
University of Copenhagen (Greensurge ) - 204 p.
Examining variation in the leaf mass per area of dominant species across two contrasting tropical gradients in light of community assembly
Neyret, Margot ; Bentley, Lisa Patrick ; Oliveras Menor, Imma ; Marimon, Beatriz S. ; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur ; Almeida de Oliveira, Edmar ; Barbosa Passos, Fábio ; Castro Ccoscco, Rosa ; Santos, Josias dos; Matias Reis, Simone ; Morandi, Paulo S. ; Rayme Paucar, Gloria ; Robles Cáceres, Arturo ; Valdez Tejeira, Yolvi ; Yllanes Choque, Yovana ; Salinas, Norma ; Shenkin, Alexander ; Asner, Gregory P. ; Díaz, Sandra ; Enquist, Brian J. ; Malhi, Yadvinder - \ 2016
Ecology and Evolution 6 (2016)16. - ISSN 2045-7758 - p. 5674 - 5689.
Community assembly - environmental filtering - interspecific variation - intraspecific variation - leaf mass per area - limiting similarity - T-statistics - tropical forests

Understanding variation in key functional traits across gradients in high diversity systems and the ecology of community changes along gradients in these systems is crucial in light of conservation and climate change. We examined inter- and intraspecific variation in leaf mass per area (LMA) of sun and shade leaves along a 3330-m elevation gradient in Peru, and in sun leaves across a forest–savanna vegetation gradient in Brazil. We also compared LMA variance ratios (T-statistics metrics) to null models to explore internal (i.e., abiotic) and environmental filtering on community structure along the gradients. Community-weighted LMA increased with decreasing forest cover in Brazil, likely due to increased light availability and water stress, and increased with elevation in Peru, consistent with the leaf economic spectrum strategy expected in colder, less productive environments. A very high species turnover was observed along both environmental gradients, and consequently, the first source of variation in LMA was species turnover. Variation in LMA at the genus or family levels was greater in Peru than in Brazil. Using dominant trees to examine possible filters on community assembly, we found that in Brazil, internal filtering was strongest in the forest, while environmental filtering was observed in the dry savanna. In Peru, internal filtering was observed along 80% of the gradient, perhaps due to variation in taxa or interspecific competition. Environmental filtering was observed at cloud zone edges and in lowlands, possibly due to water and nutrient availability, respectively. These results related to variation in LMA indicate that biodiversity in species rich tropical assemblages may be structured by differential niche-based processes. In the future, specific mechanisms generating these patterns of variation in leaf functional traits across tropical environmental gradients should be explored.

First record of Helicotylenchus varicaudatus Yuen, 1964 (Nematoda: Hoplolaimidae) parasitizing Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link in Portuguese coastal sand dunes
Schreck Reis, C. ; Vieira Dos Santos, M.C. ; Marais, M. ; A.Santos, M.S.N. de; Duyts, H. ; Freitas, H. ; Putten, W.H. van der; Abrantes, I.M.O. de - \ 2010
Phytopathologia Mediterranea 49 (2010)2. - ISSN 0031-9465 - p. 212 - 226.
new-zealand - tylenchida - steiner - evolution - region - soils
A spiral nematode, Helicotylenchus varicaudatus Yuen, 1964, parasitizing Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link, the dominant grass in the Portuguese coastal sand dunes, is reported from Portugal for the first time and raises to seven the number of Helicotylenchus species detected in Portugal. A redescription of the species, with illustrations, and light and scanning electron microscope images of both female and male specimens, is presented. The rDNA containing the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) of H. varicaudatus was analysed with ITS-RFLP using the restriction endonuclease Hinf I. Molecular data from the ribosomal small subunit (SSU) (18S) confirmed the identification
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