Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Drought and conflicts at the local level: Establishing a water sharing mechanism for the summer-autumn rice production in Central Vietnam
Huynh, Chuong Van; Scheltinga, Catharien Terwisscha van; Pham, Ty Huu ; Duong, Non Quoc ; Tran, Phuong Thi ; Nguyen, Linh Hoang Khanh ; Pham, Tung Gia ; Nguyen, Ngoc Bich ; Timmerman, Jos - \ 2019
International Soil and Water Conservation Research (2019). - ISSN 2095-6339
Adaptation - Agriculture - Climate change - Governance - Rice production - Water sharing

In recent years, water for agricultural production gradually became a significant challenge in the context of climate change in Vietnam. Sustainable solutions are required, which consider the use of resources for both human needs and ecology, and that account for the equitable distribution and the livelihood of the farmers now and in the future. In particular, the farmers in the province of Quang Nam facing water shortage in the cultivation of paddy in the summer-autumn season. Conflicts arise regarding the sharing of the water between the farmers, the drinking water company and the hydropower company. In the context of climate change, the water shortage is expected to increase in the future. The article presents the results of participatory action research (PAR) approach to develop a local level mechanism for water sharing, in which stakeholders actively participated. Water sharing mechanism was developed, envisioning a sustainable solution for inclusive water sharing. The mechanism was successfully implemented in two cases, one at commune level (Tho stream) and one at the district level (Mo stream). The participatory approach proved to be successful in setting up a broadly acceptable mechanism that will need to be further incorporated in the institutional set-up.

Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100: Guest lecture, Disaster Proof Water Management
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2019
Opportunities and Vulnerabilities of Coastal Zone: Challenges of Bangladesh Delta Plan towards sustainability
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2019
Gobeshona5, International Conference on Climate Knowledge
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2019
Contribution to the session ‘International Experience’ van de Science Policy Dialogue Day on 11 January 2019
Tipping points in adaptation to urban flooding under climate change and urban growth : The case of the Dhaka megacity
Ahmed, Farhana ; Moors, Eddy ; Khan, M.S.A. ; Warner, Jeroen ; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2018
Land Use Policy 79 (2018). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 496 - 506.
Adaptation - Climate change, land use - Flood - Planning - Urban growth

Envisioning the future city as the outcome of planned development, several master and strategic plans for Dhaka were prepared. However, these plans, do not adequately address the well-known and combined effects of climate change and unplanned urbanization on urban flooding. Additionally, the spatial planning component is missing in adaptation planning, which broadly concentrates on the climate change. Long-term adaptation strategies should consider both the temporal and spatial extent of flooding. Uncertainties in climate change and urbanization will induce planning failure beyond the Adaptation Tipping Point for flooding exceeding the thresholds of the bio-physical system or the acceptable limits of societal preference. In this paper, a shift is proposed from the current planning practice of single-dimensional ‘Predict and Act’ towards a more resilience-based ‘Monitor and Adapt’ approach. It is prudent to visualize the effects of urbanization and climate change and translate them into strategies for improved adaptation based spatial planning. Here, Dhaka's exposure to floods under different climate change and urban (planned and unplanned) development scenarios is assessed based on acceptable thresholds obtained from plans (top-down defined) and stakeholders (bottom-up perspectives). The scale of effects of these two drivers on urban flooding is exhibited through the zone differentiated flooding extent. While apparently the effect of climate change on flooding is greater than that of unplanned urban developments, both play an important role in instigating tipping points and intensifying risks.

Integrated Adaptation Tipping Points (IATPs) for urban flood resilience
Ahmed, Farhana ; Khan, M.S.A. ; Warner, Jeroen ; Moors, Eddy ; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2018
Environment and Urbanization 30 (2018)2. - ISSN 0956-2478 - p. 575 - 596.
Adaptation Tipping Point - Dhaka - flood risk management - modelling - resilience - social tipping point

This paper applies an Adaptation Tipping Point (ATP) approach for the assessment of vulnerability to flooding in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh. A series of rigorous modelling exercises for fluvial and pluvial flooding was conducted to identify the critical ATPs of the physical system, under both existing and proposed flood risk management strategies, for different urban and climate change scenarios. But a standalone assessment of the physical system’s ATPs is insufficient to gain a complete understanding of flood risks; community resilience also depends on people’s adaptability and the acceptance of risks by the community in question. Through participatory public consultations, this study determines the critical ATPs for community risk acceptance. The concept of the “Integrated Adaptation Tipping Point (IATP)”, introduced here, combines the accepted level of risk to the community with the ATPs for physical systems. This approach reveals that the assessed vulnerability to flooding increases when social tipping points are considered.

Adaptive delta management: a comparison between the Netherlands and Bangladesh Delta Program
Zevenbergen, Chris ; Khan, Shah Alam ; Alphen, Jos van; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien ; Veerbeek, William - \ 2018
International Journal of River Basin Management 16 (2018)3. - ISSN 1571-5124 - p. 1 - 7.
Adaptive Delta Management - flood risk management - multi-level governance
In the Netherlands, the central government, water authorities, provinces and municipalities are working together on a new Delta Program on Flood Risk Management and Fresh Water Supply (DP). Its primary goal is to protect the Netherlands against floods and ensure the availability of fresh water, now and for future generations. The DP has developed a new, adaptive management concept: the Adaptive Delta Management (ADM) approach. ADM is defined as ‘a smart and intelligent way of taking account of uncertainties and dependencies in decision-making on Delta Management with a view to reducing the risk of overspending or underinvestment’. Important features of DP are: (i) involving multiple stakeholders in a joint decision-making process to enhance ownership, legitimacy and feasibility; (ii) taking a risk-based perspective; (iii) adopting a flexible approach in possible strategies by valuing flexibility with regard to the timing of implementation and (iv) interlinking various investment agendas and looking for opportunities for mainstreaming with planned investments. Along similar lines, a Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP 2100) is being devised to achieve long-term sustainable socio-economic development and provide safety in the face of disasters through adaptive water governance in Bangladesh. It embodies a holistic, integrated vision, adaptive strategies and a long-term investment agenda for the Bangladesh Delta. The Plan is scheduled to be finalized in 2017. ADM is not an approach that can be transferred easily from one country to another as it demands a fundamental change in institutional capacity at multiple levels including new knowledge and skills, relationships and policy frameworks, and, hence, depends on the local socio-economic characteristics, culture and governance. This paper explores the challenges and opportunities for successful formulation and implementation of BDP 2100.
Exploring blue economy, water and livelihoods in Bangladesh : Concept note to explore collaboration
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Poelman, M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research - 1 p.
How Bangladesh is solving its water crisis
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2017

Many low-lying countries are under threat from the effects of climate change. In Bangladesh, the problems are regular cyclones and rising saltwater from the Bay of Bengal to the south, and annual flooding from the Himalaya to the north. Delta expert and publicist Joep Janssen travelled to the vulnerable country to see how his native Netherlands is collaborating with the Bangladesh government to formulate an ambitious delta plan.

Adaptive Delta Management
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2017
Steps in the process of preparing the Integrated
Ayeyarwadi Delta Strategy
Embedding scenario analysis and application in delta planning processes in Bangladesh
Seijger, Chris ; Alam, Saiful ; Saikat, Tahmidul Haq ; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Aalst, Maaike van; Navera, Umme Kulsum - \ 2017
Nuffic - 45 p.
The objective of this research was to explore how scenario analysis and application in delta planning could be embedded in institutions in Bangladesh, on a continuous and enduring basis. By reviewing the National Water Management Plan, the 5 Year Plan and the Bangladesh Delta Plan it can be concluded that different institutions have different notions of scenarios. To clarify the various types of scenarios, we introduce a classification of three types of scenarios: predictive scenarios aim to make an attempt to predict what is going to happen in the future (e.g. 5 Year Plan), explorative scenarios explore situations or developments that are regarded as possible to happen (e.g. BDP), and normative scenarios aim to specify how a specific target can be reached (e.g. Bangladesh reaching status of middle-income country through a series of 5 Year Plan’s). The classification and examples of scenario use in Bangladesh make clear that scenario delta planning using external scenarios is for the moment in an initial stage. One in which different institutions have different notions of scenarios, and the explorative scenario thinking of the BDP is not broadly embraced yet. Due to the top-down planning system of Bangladesh, high level decisions and commitment are essential for institutional embedding of scenario delta planning. To specify what should be embedded in institutions in Bangladesh, 15 tasks of scenario delta planning are discussed in this report. The tasks are related to uptake in the planning system, development and revision of scenarios, connection between scenarios and strategies/measures in planning, research and capacity building. Finally, recommendations are provided as to how scenario analysis and application can be made enduring. Scenario planning should be linked to the planning cycle of the 5 Year Plans. In addition, mandates and responsibilities regarding scenario development, use and update should be made clear. And the capacities of students and professionals should be developed as Bangladesh is shifting from the use of predictive scenarios (blue-print planning) to explorative scenarios. Embedding scenario analysis and application in delta planning processes in Bangladesh (PDF Download Available).
Establishing a local water-sharing mechanism in Vietnam
Chuong, Huynh Van; Ty, Pham Huu ; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien ; Non, Duong Quoc ; Linh, Nguyen Hoang Khanh ; Phuong, Tran Thi ; Ngoc, Nguyen Bich ; Tung, Pham Gia - \ 2016
Tropicultura 34 (2016)Special issue. - ISSN 0771-3312 - p. 116 - 116.
Climate change - Drought - Irrigated rice - Vietnam - Water conflict
Reductie emissie gewasbeschermingsmiddelen : omzetting van gewasbeschermingsmiddelen met geavanceerde oxidatie: onderzoeksrapport TKI Watertechnologie
Rietdijk, Jessy ; Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Sytse ; Baken, Kirsten ; Harmsen, Danny ; Beerling, Ellen ; Ruijven, Jim van; Hofman-Caris, Roberta - \ 2016
Nieuwegein : KWR (KWR 2016.053) - 79
Het doel van dit onderzoek was het beantwoorden van de vraag in hoeverre de kwaliteit van geloosd spuiwater met gewasbeschermingsmiddelen verbetert door het toepassen van (geavanceerde) oxidatietechnieken, en om zicht te krijgen op mogelijke negatieve bijwerkingen van deze technieken op het ecosysteem. Hiervoor zijn verschillende technieken vergeleken: Waterstofperoxide, Waterstofperoxide + Lage druk UV, Waterstofperoxide + middendruk UV, Waterstofperoxide + ozon, Ozon + lage druk UV, Waterstofperoxide + ozon + lage druk UV.
Identification and analysis of uncertainty in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in South and Southeast Asia
Keur, Peter van der; Bers, Caroline van; Henriksen, Hans Jørgen ; Nibanupudi, Hari Krishna ; Yadav, Shobha ; Wijaya, Rina ; Subiyono, Andreas ; Mukerjee, Nandan ; Hausmann, Hans Jakob ; Hare, Matt ; Scheltinga, Catharien Terwisscha van; Pearn, Gregory ; Jaspers, Fons - \ 2016
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 16 (2016). - ISSN 2212-4209 - p. 208 - 214.
Best practices - Capacity development - Climate change adaptation - Disaster risk reduction - Natural hazard management - Uncertainty

This paper addresses the mainstreaming of uncertainty in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) using as a case South and Southeast Asia, a region highly vulnerable to a wide range of natural disasters. Improvements in the implementation of DRR and CCA at the community and regional levels can be realized when the underlying uncertainties are understood and made transparent by all those involved in the science, practice and decision making of natural hazard management. This theme has been explored in a think tank fashion through knowledge elicitation and sharing among experts in the research community as well as practitioners and policy advisers with extensive experience with and insight into DRR and CCA at the regional and/or local levels. The intended result has been the identification of the means by which the capacity to integrate uncertainty can be developed. In this elicitation process, sources of uncertainty associated with the implementation of best practices in DRR and CCA at the regional and local levels. The results of presented are considered by the stakeholders involved to be valuable in expanding capacity to plan and implement more effective DRR and CCA policies and measures particularly at the community level where uncertainty plays a central role for those most vulnerable to current and future climate extreme events, and socio-economic constraints and changes

Baseline Study Climate Change – Bangladesh Delta Plan
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Quadir, Dewan Abdul ; Ludwig, F. - \ 2015
Bangladesh Delta Plan
Recent changes in temperature and rainfall trends and variability over Bangladesh
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Ludwig, F. ; Quadir, Dewan Abdul ; Saha, Toma Rani - \ 2015
In: Recent changes in temperature and rainfall trends and variability over Bangladesh. - - p. 24 - 24.
This paper presents results of the baseline climate change analysis of Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP) project based on the available monthly and daily data of temperature and rainfall for 34 stations of Bangladesh covering the maximum period of 1948-2011 (64 years) or as available. Data was analyzed to assess trends and variability in seasonal and annual
temperature and rainfall across the country. Most stations showed increasing trends for both temperature and rainfall with a few exceptions.The exceptions are probably related with local land-use factors. Rainfall especially increased (20%) during the pre-monsoon period from March till May. Rainfall also increased slightly during the monsoon, however, during the post monsoon and dry season rainfall has hardly changed over the last 60 years. The analysis of the daily rainfall shows that the number of rain days has increased. The trends of frequency of rainfall with daily rainfall higher than 20 mm and 50 mm have been estimated for the dry and wet period of the year respectively as well as for individual months. While the seasonal and annual rainfall is found to increase, the intensity has not been found to increase much. This depicts that the increase of rain days is the main factor responsible for the increase of rainfall. Besides, the frequency of events with consecutive 3 or more days of rainfall and the frequency of events of consecutive 10 or more number of dry days have been investigated for selected areas and discussed.
Scenario Development for the Bangladesh Delta Plan
Terwisscha Van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. ; Aalst, M. van; Taibur Rahman, M. ; Mafidul Islam, M. ; Heer, J. de; Giasuddin Choudbury, M. ; Verbeek, W. ; Ludwig, F. - \ 2015
Career Development Perspectives: International Study
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2015
Scenario Development for the Bangladesh Delta Plan
Terwisscha Van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M. - \ 2015
Presentation Climate Change and Adaptive Engineering
Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Catharien - \ 2015
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