Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Review of climate control and space allowance during transport of pigs (version 1.0)
    Bracke, M.B.M. ; Herskin, M.S. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Gerritzen, M.A. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 34 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - transport of animals - climate - space - meat animals - finishing - animal production - animal health - transport - animal behaviour - occupation
    Health and welfare of rabbits farmed in different production systems
    Saxmose Nielsen, Søren ; Alvarez, Julio ; Bicout, Dominique Joseph ; Calistri, Paolo ; Depner, Klaus ; Drewe, Julian Ashley ; Garin‐bastuji, Bruno ; Gonzales Rojas, Jose Luis ; Gortázar Schmidt, Christian ; Michel, Virginie ; Miranda Chueca, Miguel Ángel ; Roberts, Helen Clare ; Sihvonen, Liisa Helena ; Spoolder, Hans ; Stahl, Karl ; Velarde Calvo, Antonio ; Viltrop, Arvo ; Buijs, Stephanie ; Edwards, Sandra ; Candiani, Denise ; Mosbach‐schulz, Olaf ; Stede, Yves Van Der; Winckler, Christoph - \ 2019
    EFSA Journal 18 (2019)1. - ISSN 1831-4732 - 96 p.
    animal welfare - animal production - rabbits - animal housing - animal behaviour - animal health
    The AGRI committee of the European Parliament requested EFSA to assess the welfare of rabbits farmed in different production systems, including organic production, and to update its 2005 scientific opinion about the health and welfare of rabbits kept for meat production. Considering reproducing does, kits and growing rabbits, this scientific opinion focusses on six different housing systems, namely conventional cages, structurally enriched cages, elevated pens, floor pens, outdoor/partially outdoor systems and organic systems. To compare the level of welfare in the different housing systems and rabbit categories, welfare impact scores for 20 welfare consequences identified from the literature were calculated, taking their occurrence, duration and severity into account. Based on the overall welfare impact score (sum of scores for the single welfare consequences), obtained via a 2-step expert knowledge elicitation process, the welfare of reproducing does is likely (certainty 66–90%) to be lower in conventional cages compared to the five other housing systems. In addition, it is likely to extremely likely (certainty 66–99%) that the welfare of kits is lower in outdoor systems compared to the other systems and that the welfare is higher in elevated pens than in the other systems. Finally, it is likely to extremely likely (certainty 66–99%) that the welfare of growing rabbits is lower in conventional cages compared to the other systems and that the welfare is higher in elevated pens than in the other systems. Ranking of the welfare consequences allowed an analysis of the main welfare consequences within each system and rabbit category. It was concluded that for reproducing does, as well as growing rabbits, welfare consequences related to behavioural restrictions were more prominent in conventional cages, elevated pens and enriched cages, whereas those related to health problems were more important in floor pens, outdoor and organic systems. Housing in organic rabbit farming is diverse, which can result in different welfare consequences, but the overall welfare impact scores suggest that welfare in organic systems is generally good.
    Early life experiences affect the adaptive capacity of animals to cope with challenges in later life.
    Kemp, B. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2019
    In: Proceedings European Association of Animal Production conference. - - p. 388 - 388.
    Elaboration d’un guide européen de bonnes pratiques pour le transport des volailles.
    Warin, L. ; Mindus, C. ; Sossidou, E. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Bignon, L. - \ 2019
    In: Treizièmes Journées de la Recherche Avicole et Palmipèdes à Foie Gras. - - p. 811 - 814.
    European Guide of good and better practices for poultry transport.
    Warin, L. ; Litt, J. ; Mindus, C. ; Sossidou, E. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Bignon, L. - \ 2019
    In: Book of Abstracts of the 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science. - Wageningen Academic Publishers - p. 506 - 506.
    SusPigSys: Assessment and feedback of sustainability of pig production systems.
    Ruckli, A.K. ; Leeb, C. ; Roest, K. De; Gebska, M. ; Guy, J. ; Heinonen, M. ; Helmerichs, J. ; Hörtenhuber, S. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Valros, A. ; Dippel, S. - \ 2019
    In: Book of Abstracts of the 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science. - Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086863396 - p. 482 - 482.
    HealthyLivestock: a Chinese - European project to reduce the need for antimicrobials.
    Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Yang, S.M. ; Ayongxi, A. ; Vaarten, J. ; Kemp, B. - \ 2019
    In: ISAE 2019 Proceedings of the annual meeting of the International Society for Applied Ethology. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086863389 - p. 384 - 384.
    Role of animal behaviour in addressing future challenges for animal production.
    Boyle, L. ; Gauly, M. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2019
    In: ISAE 2019 Proceedings of the annual meeting of the International Society for Applied Ethology. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086863389 - p. 280 - 280.
    EURCAW Regional Meeting Southern Europe: Suggestions on ‘Introducing gilts to groups’
    Spoolder, Hans - \ 2019
    Action plans
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2019
    pigs - animal welfare - animal production - animal behaviour - animal health - docking
    ‘EURCAW-Pigs’ European Reference Centre for Animal Welfare
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2019
    Work Programme for EURCAW-Pigs : European Reference Centre for Animal Welfare – Pigs: 2019-2020
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2018
    WUR Livestock Research - 21 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - transport of animals - slaughter - docking - tail biting - group housing - mixing - farrowing houses - farrowing - killing of animals - climate - space - fitness - handling - stunning - sows - boars - piglets - meat animals - finishing
    Guide to good practices for the transport of pigs
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 66 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - transport of animals - climate - space - fitness - handling - sows - boars - piglets - meat animals - finishing
    PigWatch Task 1.1, February 2017 : Experiences with the protocol in 5 partner countries
    Spoolder, Hans - \ 2017
    PigWatch - 5 p.
    In each of the 5 partner countries we asked 2-3 farmers to register early signs of tail biting according to a standard protocol during November and December 2016. The protocol was developed in close cooperation with groups of farmers. The observations were focused on tail posture, unusual activity and tail biting. The scores were given each day on pen level in a selection of rooms. The aim was to detect tail biting in its earliest stage and collect feedback from the farmers about the protocol and if it changed their daily inspection. The results will be described by country, summarized and followed by joint conclusions.
    Why we need resilience thinking to meet societal challenges in bio-based production systems
    Ge, L. ; Anten, N.P.R. ; Dixhoorn, I.D.E. van; Feindt, P.H. ; Kramer, K. ; Leemans, H.B.J. ; Meuwissen, M.P.M. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Sukkel, W. - \ 2016
    Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 23 (2016). - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 17 - 27.
    The need to feed an increasing world population and to
    respond to the effects of climate change creates
    unprecedented challenges for bio-based production systems.
    Many of these systems have been designed to maximize
    productivity and efficiency under standard conditions,
    increasing their vulnerability to changes in their surrounding
    natural, technological and social systems. Reviewing the
    recent literature and reflecting on current research, we find that
    dominant attempts to increase production focus on maximizing
    control, while insufficient attention has been paid to system
    resilience, adaptability and transformability. These three core
    aspects of resilience thinking aim to reduce system
    vulnerability. We therefore argue for stronger adoption of
    resilience thinking into research on bio-based production
    systems. We show how applying resilience thinking helps to
    address both the production and the vulnerability challenges
    through interdisciplinary collaboration and cross-fertilization.
    Improving horse welfare at transport: definition of good practices through a Delphi procedure
    Messori, S. ; Ouweltjes, W. ; Visser, Kathalijne ; Villa, P. Dalla; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Baltussen, W.H.M. - \ 2016
    In: Book of abstracts of te 67th annual meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (Book of abstracts EAAP 22) - ISBN 9789086862849 - p. 404 - 404.
    Slaughter horse transportation is a reality involving thousands of animals every year, and it might have detrimental effects on horse health and welfare. Despite the existence of overarching rules governing animal welfare during transport (i.e. EC Regulation 1/2005), issues with the direct enforcement of the Regulation
    still exist. In this scenario, the importance of the application of Good Practices (GP) is paramount. Although GP exist, these are often not shared with the community and consensus about them is lacking, making their implementation sparse. In order to obtain GP being agreed by all operators in the sector, a Delphi study was carried out, involving stakeholders (e.g. transporters, NGOs, abattoir, vets) from different countries. The procedure aimed to identify those transport aspects that, if not well managed, would have a major impact on horse welfare, and to define GP that would improve such activities. During Phase 1, participants ranked (on a 1-10 scale) a list of 38 main transport aspects, and drafted a first list of GP that would improve each one of them. Four email rounds followed to reach an agreement on the proposed practices. Scores assigned to transport aspects were weighted to obtain a standardised index score, on the basis of which three main aspects to be targeted were identified: fitness to travel, transport vehicle design and maintenance, and appropriate training.
    Overall, 23 GP were pre-selected to undergo the Delphi. Experts were asked to score each practice’s impact on animal welfare, working conditions of people and profit. The GP selected through this holistic approach will be presented. This EU-funded study represents the first complete guidance to the most challenging phases of horse transportation achieved through a science-based approach. The reached agreement will favour the in-field implementation of these GP, enhancing horse protection during transport.
    Results of a desk study on best practices for animal transport
    Mitchell, M.A. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2016
    In: Book of Abstracts of the 67th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. - EAAP scientific committee - ISBN 9789086868308 - p. 531 - 531.
    The EU has provides a harmonised legal framework for animal transport. Part of that framework is the EU adopted Regulation (EC) 1/2005. The content and impact of the Regulation has been the subject of a Scientific Opinion by EFSA in 2011 followed in 2012 by an impact report from the Commission to the European
    Parliament and the Council. Three key recommendations were formulated the latter of which stated ‘As regards the gap between the requirements of the legislation and available scientific evidence the Commission sees that this is best addressed by the adoption of guides to good practice’. It is expected that the development of Guides to Good and Best Practice can improve the welfare of animals during transportation, particularly by reducing national and regional differences in interpretation of the requirements of the Regulation. The
    Transport Guides project was commissioned by DG SANTE to produce Guides to Good Practice for cattle, sheep, pigs, horses and poultry in the European Union ( The project has been undertaken by a research consortium comprised of 16 representative organisations from 9 Member States and a stakeholder platform with 10 member organisations. The first phase of this project involved the examination of a wide range of information sources and literature to identify and evaluate available recommendations for good and best practices during all stages of transport. Good practices are those that reflect the requirements in the legislation. Best Practices are defined as providing additional guidance on how to exceed legally defined minimum welfare requirements. The first results of this project include analyses of the collected information for each of the species: each species section includes analyses of the practices identified, followed by an overview of all available practices presented in tabulated form. These findings are
    the basis for the development of Guides to Good and Best Practices in the next steps of the project, and will be presented at the meeting.
    Animal behaviour and animal nutrition science working together to support livestock production
    Edwards, S.A. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2016
    In: Book of Abstracts of the 67th annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. - EAAP scientific committee - ISBN 9789086862849 - p. 478 - 478.
    Within livestock production and welfare science, many of the interesting and important questions lie at the interface of traditional fields of study and benefit from an interdisciplinary approach. The effects of nutrition on the behaviour of animals have been widely studied. They range from the basic influence of diet quantity and quality on foraging motivation, and its role in modulation of other important behavioural domains and in abnormal behaviour development in restricted environments, through the more nuanced effects of dietary imbalances on food choice and the effect of specific nutrients on mood and cognition. The effects of behaviour on nutritional questions have perhaps been less well appreciated, though the importance of feeding behaviour and intake patterns on the efficiency of nutrient utilisation are receiving increasing study. New precision
    farming technologies, which allow large-scale automated monitoring of feeding and drinking patterns, not only facilitate such studies, but also the use of knowledge of these behaviours in health monitoring and in optimising feeding systems and grazing management. Another important area of research relates to the behaviourally-mediated social constraints and facilitators of feed intake. This includes not only influences from the immediate social environment, but also learnt responses with long term developmental implications and even transgenerational effects. Given these diverse interactive effects of animal behaviour and animal nutrition on livestock production, collaborations between ethologists and nutritionists will continue to be important for future improvements in both efficiency and animal welfare.
    Initiatives to reduce mutilations in EU livestock production
    Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Schöne, Maria ; Bracke, M.B.M. - \ 2016
    Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research report 940) - 86
    animal welfare - animal production - cattle - sheep - goats - pigs - poultry - animal sports - horses - animal ethics - animal health - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - rundvee - schapen - geiten - varkens - pluimvee - sporten met dieren - paarden - dierethiek - diergezondheid
    Editorial: Pigs crying, silent fish and other stories about animal welfare assessment
    Veissier, I. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Rushen, J. ; Monier, L. - \ 2016
    Animal 10 (2016)2. - ISSN 1751-7311 - p. 292 - 293.
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