Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes
Schewe, Jacob ; Gosling, Simon N. ; Reyer, Christopher ; Zhao, Fang ; Ciais, Philippe ; Elliott, Joshua ; Francois, Louis ; Huber, Veronika ; Lotze, Heike K. ; Seneviratne, Sonia I. ; Vliet, Michelle T.H. Van; Vautard, Robert ; Wada, Yoshihide ; Breuer, Lutz ; Büchner, Matthias ; Carozza, David A. ; Chang, Jinfeng ; Coll, Marta ; Deryng, Delphine ; Wit, Allard De; Eddy, Tyler D. ; Folberth, Christian ; Frieler, Katja ; Friend, Andrew D. ; Gerten, Dieter ; Gudmundsson, Lukas ; Hanasaki, Naota ; Ito, Akihiko ; Khabarov, Nikolay ; Kim, Hyungjun ; Lawrence, Peter ; Morfopoulos, Catherine ; Müller, Christoph ; Müller Schmied, Hannes ; Orth, René ; Ostberg, Sebastian ; Pokhrel, Yadu ; Pugh, Thomas A.M. ; Sakurai, Gen ; Satoh, Yusuke ; Schmid, Erwin ; Stacke, Tobias ; Steenbeek, Jeroen ; Steinkamp, Jörg ; Tang, Qiuhong ; Tian, Hanqin ; Tittensor, Derek P. ; Volkholz, Jan ; Wang, Xuhui ; Warszawski, Lila - \ 2019
Nature Communications 10 (2019). - ISSN 2041-1723
Global impact models represent process-level understanding of how natural and human systems may be affected by climate change. Their projections are used in integrated assessments of climate change. Here we test, for the first time, systematically across many important systems, how well such impact models capture the impacts of extreme climate conditions. Using the 2003 European heat wave and drought as a historical analogue for comparable events in the future, we find that a majority of models underestimate the extremeness of impacts in important sectors such as agriculture, terrestrial ecosystems, and heat-related human mortality, while impacts on water resources and hydropower are overestimated in some river basins; and the spread across models is often large. This has important implications for economic assessments of climate change impacts that rely on these models. It also means that societal risks from future extreme events may be greater than previously thought.
Welfare assessment protocol for horses during transport
Visser, E.K. ; Ouweltjes, W. ; Messori, S. ; Ferrari, P. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Pedernera, C. ; Mounaix, B. ; Chevillon, P. ; Sossidou, E. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR Livestock Research - ISBN 9788890431258
Welfare assessment protocol for pigs during transport
Pedernera, C. ; Velarde, A. ; Dalmau, A. ; Ouweltjes, W. ; Messori, S. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Chevillon, P. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR Livestock Research - ISBN 9788890431258
Welfare assessment protocol for cattle during transport
Ouweltjes, W. ; Visser, E.K. ; Mounaix, B. ; Messori, S. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Velarde, A. ; Dalmau, A. ; Pedernera, C. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR Livestock Research - ISBN 9788890431241
The effect of reduced loading density on pig welfare during long distance transport
Gerritzen, M.A. ; Hindle, V.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Reimert, H.G.M. ; Werf, J.T.N. van der; Marahrens, M.A. - \ 2013
Animal 7 (2013)11. - ISSN 1751-7311 - p. 1849 - 1857.
slaughter pigs - ventilation - parameters - duration - behavior
Transport of animals is a stressful procedure often resulting in significant losses for the slaughter plant. This study aimed to determine whether or not pigs would benefit from a loading density (low density (LD)) (179 kg/m2) below the normal EU standard loading density (normal density (ND)) (235 kg/m2). Eight similar, 550-km-long road journeys, were followed in which fattening pigs were transported across Germany from farm to slaughter plant. During each journey all pigs were transported at LD (n=4) or ND (n=4). Twelve female pigs per journey (total n=96) were randomly selected for measurement and monitoring of body temperature, behaviour, heart rate and blood parameters. Throughout the journeys, LD pigs displayed more resting behaviour than ND pigs. Average body temperature was lower (P
Transport conditions of fattening pigs from farm to slaughterhouse : transport of pigs for more than 8 hours at two space allowances
Gerritzen, M.A. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Reimert, H.G.M. ; Werf, J.T.N. van der; Hindle, V.A. - \ 2012
Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 605) - 42
dierenwelzijn - varkens - varkenshouderij - transport - veevervoer - diergedrag - dierfysiologie - animal welfare - pigs - pig farming - transport of animals - animal behaviour - animal physiology
An investigation of travelling conditions of slaughter pigs during 8 long (>8h) journeys across Germany. Animals were transported at two loading densities. Observations of physiological (heart activity, blood parameters, body temperature) and behavioural responses (posture, fighting) weremade together with registration of environmental aspects (including indoor and outdoor temperature, wind speed, humidity, weather conditions). Driving conditions were also registered.
Influence of modelled soil biogenic NO emissions on related trace gases and the atmospheric oxidizing capacity
Steinkamp, J. ; Ganzeveld, L.N. ; Wilcke, W. ; Lawrence, M.G. - \ 2009
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9 (2009)8. - ISSN 1680-7316 - p. 2663 - 2677.
submodel system messy - available measurement data - technical note - convection parameterisations - oxide emissions - ozone - chemistry - fields - implementation - impact
The emission of nitric oxide (NO) by soils (SNOx) is an important source of oxides of nitrogen (NOx=NO+NO2) in the troposphere, with estimates ranging from 4 to 21 Tg of nitrogen per year. Previous studies have examined the influence of SNOx on ozone (O-3) chemistry. We employ the ECHAM5/MESSy atmospheric chemistry model (EMAC) to go further in the reaction chain and investigate the influence of SNOx on lower tropospheric NOx, O-3, peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), nitric acid (HNO3), the hydroxyl radical (OH) and the lifetime of methane (tau(CH4)). We show that SNOx is responsible for a significant contribution to the NOx mixing ratio in many regions, especially in the tropics. Furthermore, the concentration of OH is substantially increased due to SNOx, resulting in an enhanced oxidizing efficiency of the global troposphere, reflected in a similar to 10% decrease in tau(CH4) due to soil NO emissions. On the other hand, in some regions SNOx has a negative feedback on the lifetime of NOx through O-3 and OH, which results in regional increases in the mixing ratio of NOx despite lower total emissions in a simulation without SNOx. In a sensitivity simulation in which we reduce the other surface NOx emissions by the same amount as SNOx, we find that they have a much weaker impact on OH and tau(CH4) and do not result in an increase in the NOx mixing ratio anywhere.
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