Beliefs Contributing to HIV-related Stigma in African and Afro-Caribbean Communities in the Netherlands
Stutterheim, S.E. ; Bos, A.E.R. ; Kesteren, N.M.C. van; Shiripinda, I. ; Pryor, J.B. ; Bruin, M. de; Schaalma, H.P. - \ 2012
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 22 (2012)2. - ISSN 1052-9284 - p. 470 - 484.
aids-related stigma - hiv/aids-related stigma - south-africa - intergroup contact - discrimination - attitudes - people - care - experiences - disclosure
Thirty years after the first diagnosis, people living with HIV (PLWH) around the world continue to report stigmatizing experiences. In this study, beliefs contributing to HIV-related stigma in African and Afro-Caribbean diaspora communities and their cultural context were explored through semi-structured interviews with HIV-positive (N¿=¿42) and HIV-negative (N¿=¿52) African, Antillean and Surinamese diaspora community members in the Netherlands. Beliefs that HIV is highly contagious, that HIV is a very severe disease, and that PLWH are personally responsible for acquiring their HIV infection were found to contribute to HIV-related stigma, as did the belief that PLWH are HIV-positive because they engaged in norm-violating behaviour such as promiscuity, commercial sex work, and, for Afro-Caribbean diaspora, also homosexuality. These beliefs were found to be exacerbated and perpetuated by cultural taboos on talking about HIV and sexuality. HIV-related stigma reduction interventions should focus on changing these beliefs and breaking cultural taboos on HIV and sexuality in a manner that is participatory and consistent with the current theory and empirical findings
HIV-related stigma in African and Afro-Caribbean communities in the Netherlands: Manifestations, consequences and coping
Stutterheim, S.E. ; Bos, A.E.R. ; Shiripinda, I. ; Bruin, M. de; Pryor, J.B. ; Schaalma, H.P. - \ 2012
Psychology and Health 27 (2012)4. - ISSN 0887-0446 - p. 395 - 411.
aids-related stigma - hiv/aids-related stigma - positive african - united-kingdom - experiences - discrimination - people - london - health - care
HIV-related stigma in African and Afro-Caribbean diaspora communities in the Netherlands was investigated. Interviews with HIV-positive and HIV-negative community members demonstrated that HIV-related stigma manifests as social distance, physical distance, words and silence. The psychological consequences of HIV-related stigma among those diagnosed with HIV reported were emotional pain, sadness, loneliness, anger, frustration and internalised stigma. The social consequences included decreased social network size, limited social support and social isolation, and resulted from not only enacted stigma but also self-imposed social withdrawal. Also, poor treatment adherence was a health-related consequence. People living with HIV employed both problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies to mitigate the negative consequences of stigma. Problem-focused coping strategies included selective disclosure, disengagement, affiliating with similar others, seeking social support and, to a lesser extent, activism. Emotion-focused strategies included distraction, positive reappraisal, religious coping, external attributions, disidentification and acceptance. HIV-related stigma clearly permeates African and Afro-Caribbean communities in the Netherlands, and should be targeted for intervention
HIV status disclosure among HIV-positive African and Afro-Caribbean people in the Netherlands
Stutterheim, S.E. ; Shiripinda, I. ; Bos, A.E.R. ; Pryor, J.B. ; Bruin, M. de - \ 2011
AIDS care : psychological and socio-medical aspects of AIDS/HIV 23 (2011)2. - ISSN 0954-0121 - p. 195 - 205.
injection-drug users - self-disclosure - social support - psychological distress - serostatus disclosure - close relationships - concealable stigma - sexual partners - women - hiv/aids
The disclosure of HIV status presents a dilemma; it can promote health, social support, and psychological well-being but it can also lead to negative social consequences such as stigmatisation and rejection. To understand disclosure it is necessary to understand the reasoning employed by people living with HIV (PLWH). This study explored disclosure through interviews with 42 people of African and Afro-Caribbean origin living in the Netherlands; a population disproportionately affected by HIV. Reasons for nondisclosure included: fear of stigmatisation, previous negative experiences with disclosure; having observed the stigmatisation of others; shame; the desire to protect others (particularly family or children) from stigmatisation by association or worry; and the belief that HIV status is a private matter. Among the motives for disclosure were: being in a close and supportive relationship; emotional release; access to emotional or financial support; a perceived duty to inform; and a desire to educate others about sexual risk-taking. The authors conclude that stigma plays an important role in disclosure decisions among these populations. They point to a need for HIV-related stigma reduction interventions in African and Afro-Caribbean communities and culturally sensitive counselling for PLWH.
Agronomy of fibre hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)
Struik, P.C. ; Amaducci, S. ; Bullard, M.J. ; Stutterheim, N.C. ; Venturi, G. ; Cromack, H.T.H. - \ 2000
Industrial Crops and Products 11 (2000). - ISSN 0926-6690 - p. 2 - 3.
|Cannabis sativa L
Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N. ; Anas Subarnas, ; Horsten, S.F.A.J. ; Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1999
In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia 12 : (1) Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 / de Padua, L.S., Bunyapraphatsara, N., Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Leiden : Backhuys Publishers - p. 167 - 175.
|Quantified framework for hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) production throughout Europe as tool to fine-tune crop component quantity and quality
Stutterheim, N.C. ; Amaducci, S. ; Gorchs Altarriba, S. ; Sankari, H. - \ 1999
In: 6th Symposium on Renewable Resources and 4th European Symposium on Industrial Crops and Products. - Münster : Landwirtschaft Verlag, 1999. - (Schriftenreihe 'Nachwachsende Rohstoffe', Band 14.) - ISBN 3-7843-3019-3 - p. 337 - 341.
|Physical and economical bioresource production assessment of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)
Stutterheim, N.C. ; Amaducci, S. - \ 1999
In: Abstract in: Cost 814 Crop development for the cool and wet regions of Europe. Workshop Alternative crops for sustainable agriculture, 13-15 June, Turku, Finland - p. 71 - 71.
|Agronomy of fibre hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Europe
Struik, P.C. ; Amaducci, S. ; Bullard, M.J. ; Stutterheim, N.C. ; Venturi, G. ; Cromack, H.T.H. - \ 1999
In: 6th Symposium on Renewable Resources and 4th European Symposium on Industrial Crops and Products. - Münster : Landwirtschaft Verlag, 1999. - (Schriftenreihe'Nachwachsende Rohstoffe', Band 14.) - ISBN 3-7843-3019-3 - p. 318 - 323.
|Agronomy of fibre hemp in Europe
Struik, P.C. ; Stutterheim, N.C. ; Amaducci, S. ; Venturi, G. ; Bullard, M. ; Cromack, H.T.H. - \ 1999
In: Abstract in: Delegate Manual of Sixth Symposium on Renewable Resources for the Chemical Industry. Together with the Fourth European Symposium on Industrial Crops and Products. 23-25 March 1999, Bon, Germany - p. 23 - 23.
|The effect of light use on hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) growth
Amaducci, S. ; Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1999
In: Abstract in: Cost 814 Crop development for the cool and wet regions of Europe. Workshop Alternative crops for sustainable agriculture, 13-15 June, Turku, Finland, p - p. 62 - 62.
|Voortgangsrapportage ten behoeve van het EG programma 'Hemp for Europe',
Stutterheim, N.C. ; Struik, P.C. - \ 1998
Unknown Publisher - 44 p.
|Hemp for Europe, manufacturing and production systems: European shared cost action
Stutterheim, N.C. ; Struik, P.C. - \ 1998
IENICA (Interactive European Network for Industrial Crops and their Applications) Newsletter (1998)4.
|Primary production research adapted to new needs and turbulent markets
Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1998
In: COST Action 814 - Crop development for cool and wet regions of Europe, Working Group 'Alternative fibre crops', Proceedings of the Progress Meeting on 'Adaptation of Miscanthus, Phalaris and hemp genotypes to different cool and wet regions of Europe, Catalan Institution of Agricultural Studies (ICEA), Barcelona, 1998 - p. 33 - 47.
|Voortgangsrapportage ten behoeve van het EG programma 'Hemp for Europe' Cromack, H.T.H. (compiler).
Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1997
Unknown Publisher - 15 p.
|The Hemp for Europe - Manufacturing and production systems project, Objectives and initial results.
Cromack, H.T.H. ; Bruce, D.M. ; Drach, V. von; Hague, J. ; Marvin, H.J.P. ; Kessler, R.W. ; Nebel, K. ; Struil, P.C. ; Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1997
In: The 2nd Int. Bioresources Hemp Symp., Frankfurt am Main, BRD, 1997. Bioresource Hemp 97, Proc. of the Symp. 97, Nova-Institute, Hörth, BRD - p. 359 - 371.
Towards higher nitrogen efficiency in European rice cultivation : a case study for the Camargue, South of France
Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1995
Agricultural University. Promotor(en): R. Rabbinge; H.F.M. ten Berge. - S.l. : Stutterheim - ISBN 9789090079639 - 94
rijst - oryza sativa - stikstof - oogsttoename - oogstverliezen - opbrengsten - groei - plantenontwikkeling - computersimulatie - simulatie - simulatiemodellen - rice - oryza sativa - nitrogen - yield increases - yield losses - yields - growth - plant development - computer simulation - simulation - simulation models
This study focuses on an increase in the efficiency of fertilizer nitrogen in irrigated, direct seeded rice. Three indicators for efficiency were used: agronomic efficiency, utilization efficiency and recovery. Experiments were conducted in the Camargue in the South of France, to quantify these indicators for standard non-coated prilled urea under conventional management of irrigated rice. The results were compared to those derived from data originating from other surveys within the Mediterranean rice growing countries. Additionally, the indicator values were experimentally assessed for a resin coated nitrogen fertilizer, known to be highly efficient. Those values were considered to represent the maximum attainable nitrogen efficiencies under given circumstances in the Camargue. A model was developed with which the effect of different nitrogen application strategies on crop production and fertilizer nitrogen recovery can be evaluated. With this model, 70 combinations of quantity and timing of prilled urea nitrogen were screened for 20 sets of weather data, to derive an alternative to the use of the efficient but expensive coated fertilizer. As a result of this simulation, a tailor-made application strategy for a representative medium-growth duration rice variety of the Camargue was defined.
Growth and yield formation of irrigated, direct seeded rice as affected by nitrogen uptake.
Stutterheim, N.C. ; Barbier, J.M. - \ 1995
European Journal of Agronomy 4 (1995). - ISSN 1161-0301 - p. 299 - 308.
|Improvement of nitrogen fertilisation practices in direct seeded flooded rice: an abstract approach at the farm and field level.
Barbier, J.M. ; Mouret, J.C. ; Stutterheim, N.C. - \ 1994
In: Temperate rice - achievements and potential, E. Humphreys et al. (eds.). Proc. Temperate Rice Conf., Yanco, Australia - p. 515 - 529.