Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Systematic reviews of qualitative evidence for environmental policy and management: An overview of different methodological options
Macura, Biljana ; Suškevičs, Monika ; Garside, Ruth ; Hannes, Karin ; Rees, Rebecca ; Rodela, Romina - \ 2019
Environmental Evidence 8 (2019)1. - ISSN 2047-2382
Critical interpretative synthesis - Framework synthesis - Meta-ethnography - Mixed methods reviews - Qualitative evidence synthesis - Realist synthesis - Thematic synthesis

Qualitative research related to the human dimensions of conservation and environment is growing in quantity. Rigorous syntheses of such studies can help develop understanding and inform decision-making. They can combine findings from studies in varied or similar contexts to address questions relating to, for example, the lived experience of those affected by environmental phenomena or interventions, or to intervention implementation. Researchers in environmental management have adapted methodology for systematic reviews of quantitative research so as to address questions about the magnitude of intervention effects or the impacts of human activities or exposure. However, guidance for the synthesis of qualitative evidence in this field does not yet exist. The objective of this paper is to present a brief overview of different methods for the synthesis of qualitative research and to explore why and how reviewers might select between these. The paper discusses synthesis methods developed in other fields but applicable to environmental management and policy. These methods include thematic synthesis, framework synthesis, realist synthesis, critical interpretive synthesis and meta-ethnography. We briefly describe each of these approaches, give recommendations for the selection between them, and provide a selection of sources for further reading.

Process and Contextual Factors Supporting Action-Oriented Learning : A Thematic Synthesis of Empirical Literature in Natural Resource Management
Suškevičs, Monika ; Hahn, Thomas ; Rodela, Romina - \ 2019
Society & Natural Resources 32 (2019)7. - ISSN 0894-1920 - p. 731 - 750.
Ecosystem governance - intermediaries - qualitative review - social learning - social-ecological systems - structural constraints

Despite a long-term focus on learning in natural resource management (NRM), it is still debated how learning supports sustainable real-world NRM practices. We offer a qualitative in-depth synthesis of selected scientific empirical literature (N = 53), which explores factors affecting action-oriented learning. We inductively identify eight key process-based and contextual factors discussed in this literature. Three patterns emerge from our results. First, the literature discusses both facilitated participation and self-organized collaboration as dialogical spaces, which bridge interests and support constructive conflict management. Second, the literature suggests practice-based dialogs as those best able to facilitate action and puts a strong emphasis on experimentation. Finally, not emphasized in existing reviews and syntheses, we found multiple evidence about certain contextual factors affecting learning, including social-ecological crises, complexity, and power structures. Our review also points at important knowledge gaps, which can be used to advance the current research agenda about learning and NRM.

Adapting forest management to climate change in Europe : Linking perceptions to adaptive responses
Sousa-Silva, Rita ; Verbist, Bruno ; Lomba, Ângela ; Valent, Peter ; Suškevičs, Monika ; Picard, Olivier ; Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke A. ; Cosofret, Vasile Cosmin ; Bouriaud, Laura ; Ponette, Quentin ; Verheyen, Kris ; Muys, Bart - \ 2018
Forest Policy and Economics 90 (2018). - ISSN 1389-9341 - p. 22 - 30.
Adaptive capacity - Awareness - Climate change - Europe - Forest management - Regional differences
Climate change will impact forests and may impair their ability to provide essential ecosystem services in the decades to come. Addressing this challenge requires adjustments to forest management strategies as of now, but it is still unclear to what extent this is already in progress. Using data from surveys of 1131 forest owners and managers from seven European countries, we assessed how they perceive their role in adapting forest management to climate change. The surveys focused on foresters' observations of climate change impacts, the degree to which climate change is a part of their operational and strategic management, and their ability to address related risks and opportunities. We found evidence of a strong continent-wide climate change awareness among respondents, with 73% foresters convinced that climate change will impact their forest. However, only about one-third (36%) reported having modified their management practices, though figures vary widely between countries, from 14% in Portugal to 57% in Slovakia. Among the constraints limiting their actions, lack of knowledge and information emerged as a major barrier towards forest adaptation. Differences between countries could be linked to their socio-economic and political contexts. Our results further suggest that severely damaging events, such as windstorms, fires and pest outbreaks, present relevant opportunities to engage people with climate change and encourage action. Further work needs to be done in strengthening the relationship between scientific research and practice, working out context dependent measures to foster adaptation to changing climate and disturbance regimes in forest management.
Learning for social-ecological change : a qualitative review of outcomes across empirical literature in natural resource management
Suškevičs, Monika ; Hahn, Thomas ; Rodela, Romina ; Macura, Biljana ; Pahl-Wostl, Claudia - \ 2018
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 61 (2018)7. - ISSN 0964-0568 - p. 1085 - 1112.
action-orientation - institutional change - qualitative analysis - social learning - transformative change
Learning is considered as a promising mechanism to cope with rapid environmental change. The implications of learning for natural resource management (NRM) have not been explored in-depth and the evidence on the topic is scattered across multiple sources. We provide a qualitative review of types of learning outcomes and consider their manifestations in NRM across selected empirical literature. We conducted a systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature (N = 1,223) and a qualitative meta-synthesis of included articles, with an explicit focus on learning outcomes and NRM changes (N = 53). Besides social learning, we found several learning concepts used, including policy and transformative learning, and multiple links between learning and NRM reported. We observe that the development of skills, together with a system approach involving multi-level capacities, is decisive for implications of learning for NRM. Future reviews could systematically compare how primary research applies different learning concepts and discusses links between learning and NRM changes.
Natura 2000 and spatial planning
Grift-Simeonova, V.S. van der; Bouwma, I.M. ; Grift, E.A. van der; Sunyer, Carlos ; Manteiga, Lola ; Külvik, Mart ; Suškevičs, Monika ; Dimitrov, S. ; Dimitrova, Ana - \ 2017
Brussel : DG Environment, European Commission - 124 p.
Natura 2000 - spatial planning - EU legislation - GIS - cross-border cooperation
Spatial planning which reconciles nature conservation with other policies' objectives can be a useful tool for implementing the EU nature legislation. However, a thorough exploration of the potential role of spatial planning and its instruments for the implementation of Natura 2000 has not yet been made either at EU or Member State level. In order to bridge this knowledge gap, this study provides an insight into the role and functions of spatial planning policies at EU and Member State level in relation to Natura 2000 and Nature Directives more generally. The key areas of analysis in this study are the notion and rationale of spatial planning, its instruments and governance processes, the mechanisms for integration of Natura 2000 in spatial planning processes and in sectoral policies, the EU-legal frameworks, cross border-cooperation and relevant spatial planning technologies.
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