Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Water-Food-Energy Nexus under Climate Change in Sardinia
    Trabucco, Antonio ; Sušnik, Janez ; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, Lydia ; Evans, Barry ; Masia, Sara ; Blanco, Maria ; Roson, Roberto ; Sartori, Martina ; Alexandri, Eva ; Brouwer, Floor ; Spano, Donatella ; Damiano, Alfonso ; Virdis, Andrea ; Sistu, Giovanni ; Pulino, Daniele ; Statzu, Vania ; Madau, Fabio ; Strazzera, Elisabetta ; Mereu, Simone - \ 2018
    BMC Proceedings 2 (2018)11. - ISSN 1753-6561
    Land, food, energy, water and climate are linked and interconnected into a Nexus, characterized by complexity and feedbacks. An integrated management of the Nexus is critical to understand conflicts/synergies and secure efficient and sustainable use of resources, especially under climate change. The Nexus perspective is applied to Sardinia, as regional case study, to better understand and improve integrated resource management and relevant policy initiatives. Vulnerability of Sardinia Nexus is assessed under several climate projections by articulated balances of resources (water, energy) availability and sustainable development goals, at regional and sub-regional scales, accounting for demands and conflicts among key economic sectors (agriculture, hydro-power, tourism).
    Multi-stakeholder development of a serious game to explore the water-energy-food-land-climate nexus : The SIM4NEXUS approach
    Sušnik, Janez ; Chew, Chengzi ; Domingo, Xavier ; Mereu, Simone ; Trabucco, Antonio ; Evans, Barry ; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, Lydia ; Savić, Dragan A. ; Laspidou, Chrysi ; Brouwer, Floor - \ 2018
    Water 10 (2018)2. - ISSN 2073-4441
    Nexus - Participatory modelling - Serious game - System dynamics - Water-food-land-energy-climate

    Water, energy, food, land and climate form a tightly-connected nexus in which actions on one sector impact other sectors, creating feedbacks and unanticipated consequences. This is especially because at present, much scientific research and many policies are constrained to single discipline/sector silos that are often not interacting (e.g., water-related research/policy). However, experimenting with the interaction and determining how a change in one sector could impact another may require unreasonable time frames, be very difficult in practice and may be potentially dangerous, triggering any one of a number of unanticipated side-effects. Current modelling often neglects knowledge from practice. Therefore, a safe environment is required to test the potential cross-sectoral implications of policy decisions in one sector on other sectors. Serious games offer such an environment by creating realistic 'simulations', where long-term impacts of policies may be tested and rated. This paper describes how the ongoing (2016-2020) Horizon2020 project SIM4NEXUS will develop serious games investigating potential plausible cross-nexus implications and synergies due to policy interventions for 12 multi-scale case studies ranging from regional to global. What sets these games apart is that stakeholders and partners are involved in all aspects of the modelling definition and process, from case study conceptualisation, quantitative model development including the implementation and validation of each serious game. Learning from playing a serious game is justified by adopting a proof-of-concept for a specific regional case study in Sardinia (Italy). The value of multi-stakeholder involvement is demonstrated, and critical lessons learned for serious game development in general are presented.

    The Nexus Concept Integrating Energy and Resource Efficiency for Policy Assessments : A Comparative Approach from Three Cases
    Brouwer, Floor ; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, Lydia ; Alexandri, Eva ; Bremere, Ingrida ; Griffey, Matthew ; Linderhof, Vincent - \ 2018
    Sustainability 10 (2018)12. - ISSN 2071-1050
    As the world increasingly runs up against physical constraints of energy, land, water, and food, there is a growing role for policy to reduce environmental pressures without adversely affecting increases in prosperity. There is therefore a need for policy makers to understand the potential trade-offs and/or synergies between the uses of these different resources, i.e., to encompass the water–energy–food–land nexus for policy and decision making, where it is no longer possible to ignore the limitations in land availability and its links to other natural resources. This paper proposes a modelling approach to help to assess various policies from a nexus perspective. The global macro-econometric model (E3ME) explores a low-carbon transition through different sets of energy and climate policies applied at different spatial scales. The limitations of the E3ME model in assessing nexus interactions are discussed. The paper also argues and offers an explanation for why no single traditional or classic model has the potential to cover all parts of the nexus in a satisfactory way, including feedback loops and interactions between nexus components. Other approaches and methodologies suitable for complexity science modelling (e.g., system dynamics modelling) are proposed, providing a possible means to capture the holistic approach of the nexus in policy-making by including causal and feedback loops to the model components. Based on three case studies in Europe, the paper clarifies the different steps (from policy design towards conceptual model) in modelling the nexus linkages and interactions at the national and regional levels. One case study (The Netherlands) considers national low-carbon transitions at national level. Two other case studies (Latvia and southwest UK) focus on how renewable energy may impact the nexus. A framework is proposed for the generic application of quantitative modelling approaches to assess nexus linkages. The value of the nexus concept for the efficient use of resources is demonstrated, and recommendations for policies supporting the nexus are presented.
    The water-land-food-energy-climate Nexus for a resource efficient Europe
    Laspidou, C. ; Witmer, M. ; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, L.S. ; Domingo, X. ; Brouwer, F.M. ; Howells, M. ; Sušnik, J. ; Blanco, M. ; Bonazountas, M. ; Fournier, M. ; Papadopoulou, M.P. - \ 2017
    - 5 p.
    Α novel methodology for addressing policy
    inconsistencies and knowledge gaps that hinder the
    transition to a greater resource efficiency Europe is
    proposed. We focus on the integration of all different
    sectors that interact and influence each other, namely the
    “water- energy- food- land use- climate nexus” and we
    develop tools for identifying and quantifying their complex
    interlinkages under the influence of climate change. In
    order to achieve this, we employ a series of sophisticated
    models (referred to as “thematic models”), each of which
    addresses a different nexus dimension, or a combination of
    a few, while none addresses all nexus dimensions in an
    integrative manner. We use dynamic systems modeling
    and other complexity science techniques in order to
    “merge” different thematic model outputs in a single
    coherent result, which is presented to the user in an easy to
    comprehend Serious Game environment. This way, the
    effect of policies that are designed to affect one field
    (nexus dimension) on others can be quantified and
    simulated, thus informing policy-makers for the
    unintended consequences of their policies, reducing
    uncertainties, covering knowledge gaps and leading to a
    resource efficient Europe faster.
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