Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Grote belangstelling voor eerste mondiale Vertifarm congres. Vertical Farming: vooral perspectief in rijk land met duur importvoedsel
    Wubben, Emiel ; Marcelis, Leo - \ 2019
    Meer rundertuberculose door dassenruiming
    Runhaar, Hens - \ 2019
    The impact of networks on the innovative and financial performance of more entrepreneurial versus less entrepreneurial farmers in West Java, Indonesia
    Etriya, Etriya ; Scholten, Victor E. ; Wubben, Emiel F.M. ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2019
    NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 89 (2019). - ISSN 1573-5214
    Business ties - Entrepreneurship - Financial performance - Innovative performance - Network heterogeneity - Technology ties

    Farmers may vary in their response to or anticipation of agrifood market changes, which probably depends on their entrepreneurial degree and networks. This paper aims to investigate the effects of farmers’ entrepreneurial degree and network content (i.e., business ties, technology ties, and network heterogeneity) on farm performance (i.e., innovative performance and financial performance). The data set was gathered through a survey of 262 vegetable farmers in West Java, Indonesia. Our findings reveal that more entrepreneurial farmers (106) have more business ties, technology ties, and heterogeneous networks compared to less entrepreneurial farmers (156). Further analyses using OLS regression confirm that farmers who are more entrepreneurial and have more business ties obtain both enhanced innovative and financial performance, while farmers who link to heterogeneous networks obtain only enhanced innovative performance. Overall, the findings of this study demonstrate that more entrepreneurial farmers with networks that are rich in business ties and diverse contacts have better farm performance.

    Vertical Farming : teelt en keten
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Schans, J.W. van der; Gelder, A. de; Looman, B.H.M. ; Nijman, J. - \ 2019
    Groen Kennisnet
    Dit leerboek is ontwikkeld is het resultaat van het WURKS-project Vertical Farming – teelt en keten. Het leerboek is gemaakt binnen de wiki-omgeving van Groen Kennisnet en is bedoeld voor MBO en HBO.
    Dossier Circulaire & Biobased Economy
    Wubben, E.F.M. - \ 2019
    Groen Kennisnet
    biobased economy - bioenergy - biomass - renewable energy - biobased materials - biobased chemistry - clothing - bioplastics - fibres
    The dossier Circular & Biobased Economy provides a great view on sustainable innovations that have WUR Inside. The chosen topics are as diverse as bioplastics for restoring ecosystems till promoting circular fashion. You can run these six knowledge clips in both English and Dutch, as so is the leading information. Finally, all related WUR-publications are only one click away.
    The fit between employee roles and market dynamism: An ecological management perspective
    Crielaard, Jack P. ; Wubben, Emiel F.M. ; Omta, Onno S.W.F. - \ 2018
    Revista de Administracao Mackenzie 19 (2018)2. - ISSN 1518-6776
    Employee roles - Innovation - Market dynamism - Resource-based view - Strategic fit

    Purpose: Exploring the fit of employee roles and market dynamism, related to performance. Originality/value: In ecology the term 'fit' is used for the relation between organisms and their environment. Similarly, we conceptualized the relation between employee roles and markets: the employee-market connection, which may enhance SME's strategic fit and performance. Design/methodology/approach: The empirical research was conducted at 48 SMEs with 221 respondents from the manufacturing industry (53%) and the service industry (47%) and applied a mixed model analysis. Findings: The employee role-mix is moderated by market dynamism: when market dynamism increases, the impact on performance of internal process roles decreases and the impact of rational goal roles increases. The results enrich the resource-based view with the employee-market-connection: the system is resilient, the roles adapt. A fit between market dynamism and employee roles is positively related to performance.

    Camelina Crambe And Insects
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Blaauw, R. ; Loo, E.N. van; Togtema, K.A. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research
    biobased economy - innovations - crops - biomass - residual streams - insects - oils - camelina - crambe - agricultural wastes
    Circulaire mode
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Poldner, Kim ; Fresco, L.O. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research
    textiles - biomass - biobased materials - clothing - fibres
    Innovatievermogen van het Rotterdam Food Cluster : bedrijvigheid en vernieuwing in het verleden, heden en de Next Economy
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Huisink, W. ; Kooten, O. van; Huisink, W. ; Bram, E. ; Haren, J. van; Teunissen, D. ; Weerdt, N.P. van der - \ 2018
    Rotterdam : - 124 p.
    De derde industriële revolutie zal ook op de voedingsmiddelenindustrie van grote invloed zijn. Bedrijven uit de keten, van primaire producenten tot verwerkende industrie, handel en logistiek, worden geconfronteerd met majeure uitdagingen. Dat zien we nu al en zal in de nabije toekomst nog sterker voelbaar worden. Deze ‘agribusiness’ bedrijven zullenook een belangrijke rol moeten spelen in de oplossing van mondiale voedselvraagstukken en de transitie naar een circulaire economie. De vraag is daarom niet óf de keten moet veranderen, maar hoe? En wie zullen daarbij voorop gaan?
    The importance of innovation adoption and generation in linking entrepreneurial orientation with product innovation and farm revenues : The case of vegetable farmers in West Java, Indonesia
    Etriya, Etriya ; Scholten, Victor E. ; Wubben, Emiel F.M. ; Kemp, Ron G.M. ; (Onno)Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2018
    International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 21 (2018)7. - ISSN 1096-7508 - p. 969 - 988.
    Agrifood market - Improved products - New products - Proactiveness - Risk taking

    The growth of modern agrifood markets, especially in Indonesia, has stimulated entrepreneurially oriented farmers to seize business opportunities through innovation. This paper aims to investigate in a dynamic agrifood market if entrepreneurial orientation enhances innovation adoption and generation and if both of these actions enhance product innovation and, eventually, farm revenues of vegetable farmers in West Java, Indonesia. The findings demonstrate that entrepreneurial orientation enhances innovation adoption and generation, which in turn enhance product innovation. Finally, product innovation enhances farm revenues. The findings contribute to a better understanding of the role of innovation in facilitating entrepreneurially oriented farmers to perform better when facing a dynamic market. Entrepreneurial orientation enables farmers to innovate by taking risks to anticipate future demand, through either adoption of available innovations or generation of their own innovations, and both options result in new or improved products and eventually enhanced farm revenues.

    Food for the Future - Onderzoeksagenda : Startdocument voor diepgravend, breedschalig en toekomstgericht onderzoek naar hoe het food cluster in de regio Rotterdam een succesvolle transitie kan maken
    Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J.M. ; Hollen, R.M.A. ; Hulsink, W. ; Kooten, O. van; Kouwenhoven, G. ; Wubben, E.F.M. - \ 2016
    In: De transitie van het onderwijs in de foodsector in de Rotterdamse regio - p. 9 - 41.
    Entrepreneurship and prior experience as antecedents of absorptive capacity of high-tech academic spin-offs
    Khodaei, H. ; Scholten, V. ; Wubben, E.F.M. ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2016
    Journal on Chain and Network Science 16 (2016)2. - ISSN 1569-1829 - p. 95 - 115.
    absorptive capacity, entrepreneurial team efficacy, entrepreneurial orientation, domain-specific experience, academic spin-offs
    We investigate the influence of entrepreneurial orientation and team efficacy, in addition to the impact of domain-specific industry and research experience of spin-off management teams, on absorptive capacity, both potential and realised. A multiple regression analysis in 95 Dutch high-tech academic spin-offs indicates that entrepreneurial orientation and domain-specific research experience are positively related to potential absorptive capacity while entrepreneurial orientation, team efficacy and domain-specific industry experience are positively related to realised absorptive capacity. Analyses of the explained variance show that entrepreneurial orientation and team efficacy provide a higher contribution to absorptive capacity than domain-specific experience, which contributes to recent debates on antecedents of absorptive capacity for academic spin-offs.
    Inter-organizational collaboration in bio-based business : sustainability-oriented networks inagro-industrial parks
    Nuhoff-Isakhanyan, Gohar - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Emiel Wubben. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462577695 - 194
    biobased economy - sustainability - agribusiness - cooperation - agroindustrial sector - business parks - network analysis - netherlands - sustainable development - biobased economy - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - landbouwindustrie - samenwerking - agro-industriële sector - bedrijventerreinen - netwerkanalyse - nederland - duurzame ontwikkeling

    Globally, bio-based business is often perceived as sustainable, because its renewable production can potentially lower carbon and greenhouse emissions by substituting fossil-fuel-based production, reduce environmental sourcing problems, and create turnover and jobs. However, bio-based business can also bring sustainability challenges. Urged to exploit innovative solutions and further enhance their sustainability performance, organizations engaged in bio-based activities extensively search for collaboration possibilities with new partners. Inter-organizational collaboration is considered as mechanism to enhance sustainability. This thesis explores the ways inter-organizational collaboration in bio-based business in general and in agro-industrial parks in particular can enhance sustainability.

    Getting post-M&A integration mechanisms tuned in to technological relatedness and innovation synergy realisation
    Wubben, Emiel F.M. ; Batterink, Maarten ; Omta, Onno - \ 2016
    Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 28 (2016)6. - ISSN 0953-7325 - p. 992 - 1007.
    innovation process synergy - new growth platform - Post-M&A integration mechanisms - technological relatedness

    Studies on Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) typically relate innovation synergies to either context characteristics or post-M&A integration. There is little research on how to tune the relevant practices to the benefit of realising specific innovation synergies. It is the purpose of this paper to develop a conceptual framework on innovation synergy realisation in large M&As, that relates the following components: (1) strategic M&A characteristics; and (2) post-M&A integration mechanisms; to (3) innovation synergy realisation. The research explored how different innovation synergies were achieved in nine large medium-tech and high-tech M&As in the life sciences. From this case studies research, it turns out that higher degrees of technological relatedness allow for the realisation of more types of innovation synergy, brought about by the more demanding integration mechanisms structural linking and process re-design.

    Sustainability benefits and challenges of inter-organizational collaboration in bio-based business : A systematic literature review
    Nuhoff-Isakhanyan, Gohar ; Wubben, Emiel F.M. ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2016
    Sustainability 8 (2016)4. - ISSN 2071-1050
    Bio-based business - Inter-organisational collaborations - Sustainability

    Bio-based businesses are often considered to be sustainable. However, they are also linked to sustainability challenges such as deforestation and soil erosion. Encouraged to exploit innovative solutions and enhance sustainability, organizations engaged in bio-based activities extensively explore collaboration possibilities with external partners. The objective of this paper is to integrate the available knowledge on sustainability of inter-organisational collaborations in bio-based businesses, while considering the three aspects of sustainability: environmental, economic, and social. We collected data from three academic sources-Web of Science, Scopus, and EconLit-and conducted a systematic literature review. The results show the importance of geographical proximity and complementarity in creating sustainability benefits such as reduced emissions, reduced waste, economic synergies, and socio-economic activities. Based on the findings, we have developed a framework that illustrates sustainability benefits and challenges. Interestingly, the studies emphasize sustainability benefits more in emerging than in industrialised economies, especially relating to the social aspects of sustainability. In conclusion, although the scholars have not discussed mitigation of several sustainability challenges in bio-based businesses, such as land use conflicts, they have found evidence of vital sustainability benefits, such as energy availability, lower emissions, improved socio-economic life, and poverty reduction, which are essential in emerging economies.

    Profiting from external knowledge: the impact of different external knowledge acquisition strategies on innovation performance
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Batterink, M.H. ; Kolympiris, C. ; Kemp, R.G.M. ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2015
    International Journal of Technology Management 69 (2015)2. - ISSN 0267-5730 - p. 139 - 165.
    licensing-in - inter-organisational collaboration - mergers and acquisitions - longitudinal study - knowledge acquisition - innovation performance - technology management - external knowledge - knowledge exploration - The Netherlands - radical innovation - incremental innovation
    Innovation is key to company growth, but hinges on timely access to new knowledge. Individual companies have difficulty pursuing innovation and acquiring the knowledge they need on their own. Companies therefore resort to various governance modes (licensing-in, collaborations, mergers and acquisitions, etc.) that suit the preferred innovation trajectories. We expect governance modes directed at knowledge exploration to generate long-term, radical innovations, and governance modes aimed at knowledge exploitation to generate short-term, incremental innovations. Employing data from two Dutch community innovation surveys, we indeed discovered that companies that license in technology tend to produce more incremental innovations. We also found a strong positive correlation between inter-organisational collaboration and both long-term and short-term innovation. Finally, we concluded that M&As have a major impact on the production of long-term radical innovations.
    Stakeholder Engagement for Responsible Innovation in the Private Sector: Critical Issues and Management Practices
    Blok, V. ; Hoffmans, L. ; Wubben, E.F.M. - \ 2015
    Journal on Chain and Network Science 15 (2015)2. - ISSN 1569-1829 - p. 147 - 164.
    Although both EU policy makers and researchers acknowledge that public or stakeholder engagement is important for responsible innovation (RI), empirical evidence in this field is still scarce. In this article, we explore to what extent companies with a disposition to innovate in a more responsible way are moving towards the ideal of mutual responsiveness among stakeholders, as it is presented in the RI literature. Based on interviews with companies and non-economic stakeholders in the Dutch Food industry, it can be concluded that innovative food companies are still far from implementing the ideal of mutual responsiveness in a significant way. The tension between the call for the active involvement of stakeholders in the literature and actual stakeholder engagement practices is explained by identifying a number of critical issues regarding stakeholder engagement, which are specific to actors involved in RI in the private sector. Finally, management practices designed to deal with these critical issues regarding stakeholder engagement are identified.
    The growth of academic spin-offs : the management team’s absorptive capacity and facilitator support
    Khodaei, H. - \ 2015
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Emiel Wubben; Victor Scholten. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574885 - 148
    ondernemerschap - universiteiten - ondersteunende maatregelen - bedrijfsvoering - teams - prestatieniveau - entrepreneurship - universities - support measures - management - teams - performance

    The Growth of Academic Spin-offs

    The Management Team’s Absorptive Capacity and Facilitator Support

    Academic spin-offs are defined as new start-up firms that commercially exploit research developed within an academic environment to the benefit of economic, social, and regional development. These start-ups can be initiated by university employees, students or graduates, but also by external individuals grasping the opportunity to bring new knowledge to the market.

    Academic spin-offs often face difficulties in translating their initial idea to a business opportunity. In this thesis it is proposed that academic spin-offs can overcome these challenges by enhancing their absorptive capacity and by taking advantage of the guidance and resources provided by supporting organizations. Our findings can assist Academic spin-offs founders to develop their management team capabilities. They can also help university facilitators to optimize their support activities and policy makers to optimize the regional innovation ecosystem.

    Maintaining the CSR-identity of Sustainable Entrepreneurial Firms: The role of corporate governance in periods of business growth
    Roelofsen, M. ; Blok, V. ; Wubben, E.F.M. - \ 2015
    In: Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance: theory and practice / Idowu, S.O., Frederiksen, S.C., Mermod, A.Y., Nielsen, M.E.W., Dordrecht : Springer - ISBN 9783319109091 - p. 63 - 88.
    This chapter focuses on the maintenance of the CSR-identity of sustainable entrepreneurial firms (SEFs) during periods of business growth. Our aim is to explore to what extent corporate governance mechanisms can be seen as effective mechanisms to maintain the CSR-identity of growing SEFs. To this end, a comprehensive literature review is conducted to obtain conceptual insights, which are subsequently empirically illustrated by a multiple case study of SEFs (N = 7). We conclude that the following barriers to business growth might have an impact on the CSR-identity of SEFs: overtrading/uncontrolled growth, control and delegation, decentralization and formation, indirect expression of identity. Furthermore, we conclude that the following mechanisms of corporate governance might prevent or compensate for the dilution of the CSR-identity of SEFs in periods of business growth: strategy, human resource management, organizational culture, formal monitoring, coordination, media involvement and social monitoring. Finally, we provide recommendations for practitioners, based on our results.
    Collective action: Multi-level Perspective & Strategic Niche Mngt
    Wubben, Emiel - \ 2014
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