CARVE Innovatieproject tegen voedselverspilling in de agrifoodketen
Snels, J.C.M.A. - \ 2020
Wageningen University & Research - 15 p.
food chains - horticulture - agricultural sector - processing - consumers - losses - restaurants - catering
Monitor Voedselverspilling : Update 2009 -2017: Omvang in kilogrammen in Nederland
Soethoudt, J.M. ; Vollebregt, H.M. - \ 2019
Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research - 3 p.
food wastage - food chains - food wastes - losses - businesses - consumers
Reducing food loss and waste : Setting a Global Action Agenda
Flanagan, Katie ; Robertson, Kai ; Hanson, Craig ; Timmermans, A.J.M. - \ 2019
World Resources Institute (WRI) - ISBN 9781569739648 - 136 p.
food wastage - food wastes - food chains
Monitor Voedselverspilling : Update 2009-2016
Soethoudt, J.M. ; Vollebregt, H.M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research, Rapport 1822) - 3 p.
consumers - food chains - food wastes
Multi-objective optimization for eco-efficient food supply chains
Banasik, Aleksander - \ 2017
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jacqueline Bloemhof-Ruwaard; Jack van der Vorst, co-promotor(en): Frits Claassen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463430944 - 147
food chains - supply chain management - food production - mushrooms - decision support systems - production planning - models - voedselketens - ketenmanagement - voedselproductie - paddestoelen - beslissingsondersteunende systemen - productieplanning - modellen
Until recently, food production focused mainly on delivering high-quality products at low cost and little attention was paid to environmental impact and depletion of natural resources. As a result of the growing awareness of climate change, shrinking resources, and increasing world population, this trend is changing. A major concern in Food Supply Chains (FSCs) is food waste. To remain competitive, FSCs are challenged to adopt new technologies that reduce or valorize food waste. These technologies can contribute to maintaining or increasing economic output and concurrently reduce the environmental impact of current operations, i.e. achieving what has been defined as eco-efficiency. Designing eco-efficient supply chains requires complex decision support models that can deal with multiple dimensions of sustainability while taking into account the specific characteristics of products and their supply chain. Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM), a research field within Operations Research, is particularly suitable to support decision making when multiple and (mostly) conflicting criteria are involved. In this research, multi-objective optimization was used to quantify trade-offs between conflicting objectives and derive eco-efficient solutions, i.e. solutions in which environmental performance can only be improved at higher cost. The overall objective of this thesis was to support decision making in FSCs by developing dedicated decision support models to optimize and re-design FSCs by balancing the economic and environmental criteria. The emphasis is directed towards valorization of product flows by means of closing loops and waste management at a chain level. In line with this overall objective, four research questions were defined, which are addressed in Chapters 2 to 5.
In Chapter 2, the use of MCDM approaches for designing Green Supply Chains (GSCs) is reviewed; GSCs extend traditional supply chains to include activities that minimize the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle. A conceptual framework was developed to find relevant publications and categorize papers with respect to decision problems, indicators, and MCDM approaches. The analysis shows that the use of MCDM approaches for designing GSCs is a new but emerging research field. Most publications focus on production and distribution problems, and there are only a few inventory models with environmental considerations. Most papers assume all data to be deterministic. Moreover, little attention has been given to minimization of waste in studies on FSCs, and numerous indicators are used to account for eco-efficiency, indicating the lack of standards. Chapter 2, therefore, identifies the need for more multi-criteria models for real-life GSCs, especially with respect to supply chains dealing with food production, and with inclusion of uncertainty in parameters.
Environmental concerns and scarcity of resources encourage decision makers in supply chains to consider alternative production options that include preventing the production of waste streams and simultaneously reusing and recycling waste materials. Until now, quantitative modelling approaches on closing loops in FSCs have been rare in the literature. The aim of Chapter 3 was to develop a mathematical model that can be used for quantitative assessment of alternative production options associated with different ways of dealing with waste in FSCs, i.e. prevention, recycling, and disposal of food waste. A multi-objective mixed integer linear programming model was developed to derive a set of eco-efficient solutions corresponding to production planning decisions. The environmental performance of the chain is expressed by an indicator based on exergy analysis, which has the potential to capture other commonly used indicators, such as energy consumption, fuel consumption, and waste generation, in a single value. This simplifies the calculation of the eco-efficient frontier and enables its intuitive graphical representation, which is much easier to communicate to the decision makers. The applicability of the model is demonstrated on a real-life industrial bread supply chain in the Netherlands. The results confirm the findings from the literature that prevention is the best waste management strategy from an environmental perspective. The advantages of using exergy as an indicator to capture the environmental performance is demonstrated by comparing the outcomes with other commonly used indicators of environmental performance. The potential of studying food production planning decision problems in a multi-objective context is illustrated and the applicability of the model in the assessment of alternative production options is demonstrated.
In contrast to closed-loop studies in industry involving discrete parts, in FSCs the value of the final product usually cannot be regained. However, the components used for production, such as organic matter or a growing medium, can be recycled. The aim of Chapter 4 was to reveal the consequences of closing loops in a mushroom supply chain. A multi-objective mixed integer linear programming model was proposed to quantify trade-offs between economic and environmental indicators and to explore alternative recycling technologies quantitatively. The model was developed to re-design the logistical structure and close loops in the mushroom supply chain. It was found that adopting closing loop technologies in industrial mushroom production has the potential to increase the total profitability of the chain by almost 11% and improve the environmental performance by almost 28%. It is concluded that a comprehensive evaluation of recycling technologies and re-designing logistical structures requires quantitative tools that simultaneously optimize managerial decisions at strategic and tactical levels.
Multi-objective optimization models are often developed under the assumption that all information required for model parameterization is known in advance. In practice, however, not all the required information is available in advance because of various sources of uncertainty in FSCs. In Chapter 5, a multi-objective two-stage stochastic programming model was proposed to analyse and evaluate the economic and environmental impacts to account for uncertainty in FSCs. A mushroom supply chain in the Netherlands is presented as an illustrative case study. Optimal production planning decisions calculated with a two-stage stochastic programming model are compared with the results of an equivalent deterministic model. It is demonstrated that taking uncertainty into account at the production planning phase in an FSC can bring substantial economic and environmental benefits.
The research presented in this thesis contributes to the scientific literature on eco-efficient FSCs by providing decision support models for use by decision makers to assess alternative logistical structures and quantify the economic and environmental implications of closing loop technologies. This thesis shows that technological innovations, which allow for reuse and recycling of waste streams, have the potential to improve the economic and environmental performance of an FSC substantially. The case studies illustrate that it is worthwhile investing in research on technological innovations (and their development) for closing loops in FSCs. The greatest benefits are brought about by using materials to their full potential by valorizing waste streams as much as possible.
How to achieve resource use efficiency in integrated food and biobased value chains?
Annevelink, E. ; Gogh, J.B. van; Bartels, P.V. ; Broeze, J. ; Dam, J.E.G. van; Groot, J.J. ; Koenderink, N.J.J.P. ; Oever, M.J.A. van den; Snels, J.C.M.A. ; Top, J.L. ; Willems, D.J.M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report 1720) - ISBN 9789463431163 - 23
resources - biobased economy - food chains - food biotechnology - biomass - change - sustainability - value chain analysis - efficiency - use efficiency - food - resource management - integrated systems - hulpbronnen - biobased economy - voedselketens - voedselbiotechnologie - biomassa - verandering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - waardeketenanalyse - efficiëntie - gebruiksefficiëntie - voedsel - hulpbronnenbeheer - geïntegreerde systemen
Networks, flows and actors : promoting sustainability in globalising food provision
Oosterveer, Peter J.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579750 - 24
networks - sustainability - globalization - food - health - social sciences - food chains - governance - netwerken - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - globalisering - voedsel - gezondheid - sociale wetenschappen - voedselketens - governance
An updated generic architecture describingcompliance in Agri-Food Supply Chains : (D1.2.3)
Kruize, J.W. ; Robbemond, R.M. ; Verwaart, T. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2016-061) - ISBN 9789462578289 - 21
agro-industrial chains - food chains - food supply - computer software - efficiency - business economics - agro-industriële ketens - voedselketens - voedselvoorziening - computer software - efficiëntie - bedrijfseconomie
In this report a generic architecture is presented comprising an inventory of the most important actors, roles, processes and information that are relevant in the processes of standardisation, certification and compliance in Agri-Food Supply Chains. This architecture becomes part of an architectural framework. The architectural framework aims to reduce the paper -based administration by improving digitalisation of compliance processes and to enable a more efficient and effective data exchange in the field of compliance.
Sustainability metrics for agri-food supply chains
Gaitán Cremaschi, D. - \ 2016
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Frits van Evert; Miranda Meuwissen. - Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578012 - 244
food supply - food chains - agro-industrial chains - sustainability - western europe - vietnam - voedselvoorziening - voedselketens - agro-industriële ketens - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - west-europa - vietnam
Enhancing sustainability in food production requires knowledge about the economic, environmental and social performance of the various stages of agri-food supply chains. An integrated indicator can provide synthetized information about the extent to which food products are sustainably produced and can guide sustainability improvements. The overall objective of this thesis was to perform integrated assessments of relative sustainability performance of (stages of) agri-food supply chains using integrated indicators. To achieve the overall objective this thesis first developed a theoretical framework for benchmarking agri-food supply chains in terms of their relative sustainability performance. Two integrated indicators were proposed, i.e. the Social Profit indicator that integrates sustainability performance indicators using prices and the Technical Inefficiency indicator that uses distance functions. Next, the Social Profit indicator was illustrated for Brazilian soybean meal chains: non-genetically modified (non-GM) and genetically modified (GM) chains. Further, relative sustainability performance (economic and environmental) of specialized potato farms in Germany and the Netherlands was assessed using both the Social Profit indicator and the Technical Inefficiency indicator. Finally, an alternative approach, the Nerlovian Social Profit Inefficiency indicator, was used for the assessment of relative sustainability performance of coffee farms in Vietnam. The results of this thesis suggests that the three proposed integrated indicators can be used in different socio-economic and environmental contexts to capture the multidimensional nature of relative agri-food supply chain sustainability. Their implementation helps to overcome some of the limitations of the single-issue and composite indicators that are commonly used in sustainability assessments such as incommensurability, subjectivity and comparability. The indicators provide information that can be used by businesses, stakeholders and policy makers to identify opportunities for relative sustainability performance improvements of agri-food supply chains.
Keywords: Total Factor Productivity, Total Price Recovery, technical inefficiency, agri-food supply chain, externality, social profit.
Seeds, food networks and politics: different ontologies in relation to food sovereignty in Ecuador
Martinez Flores, L.A. - \ 2015
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Guido Ruivenkamp; Han Wiskerke, co-promotor(en): Joost Jongerden. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574908 - 194
voedselsoevereiniteit - landbouw bedrijven in het klein - gemeenschappen - voedsel - netwerken - ontologieën - zaden - politiek - lupinus - voedselketens - landbouwbeleid - overheidsbeleid - etnografie - andes - ecuador - food sovereignty - peasant farming - communities - food - networks - ontologies - seeds - politics - lupinus - food chains - agricultural policy - government policy - ethnography - andes - ecuador
In this thesis I explore the ontological proposal of food sovereignty and I discuss the possibilities offered by studies like this one to the attempts of the social sciences to explain – in a symmetrical fashion - that develop between humans and other entities at the time of production, processing and consumption of food. In this effort I combine ethnography and history.
inauguratie Jacques Trienekens
Trienekens, J.H. - \ 2015
voedselketens - voedselveiligheid - voedselkwaliteit - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - dierlijke productie - dierenwelzijn - food chains - food safety - food quality - sustainability - animal production - animal welfare
Als de partijen in de voedselketen, van boer tot consument, meer samenwerken kan de hele keten winnen aan kwaliteit, veiligheid en duurzaamheid. Afspraken en vertrouwen maken een keten stabieler, en daar worden alle partijen beter van, ook de consument met een groeiend aantal wensen ten aanzien van assortiment, milieu en dierenwelzijn. Dat betoogt prof.dr. Jacques Trienekens in zijn inaugurele rede als persoonlijk hoogleraar Keten- en netwerkmanagement aan Wageningen University op 2 juli.
Perspectives on the distribution of fresh food in emerging metropolises: the cases of Mexico City and Cairo
Waldhauer, N. ; Burgh, M. van der; Vorst, J.G.A.J. van der; Bing, X. ; Scheer, F.P. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Report / Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research 1529) - ISBN 9789462573642 - 56
voedsel - distributie - voedseldistributieprogramma's - ketenmanagement - voedselketens - logistiek - efficiëntie - stedelijke gebieden - mexico - voedselzekerheid - voedselkwaliteit - voedselverspilling - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - food - distribution - food distribution programs - supply chain management - food chains - logistics - efficiency - urban areas - mexico - food security - food quality - food wastage - sustainability
The report consists of four main chapters. In chapter 2 a theoretical framework of urban food distribution is developed based on earlier projects, a literature study and interviews. This framework underlines the main elements of urban food distribution and serves as a theoretical outline for the following case studies and recommendations for improvement. Chapter 3 describes the current situation of fresh food distribution in the two chosen case studies Mexico City and Cairo using the framework of chapter 2 as a reference. Chapter 4 presents the conclusions from the case studies comparing the current situation of the respective urban fresh food distribution networks, assessing the performance of the system and stating the major challenges in both cities. Recommendations for intervention are given in chapter 5 taking into account the conclusions from the case studies, urban distribution initiatives and projects in Western European cities and expert interviews. Chapter 6 gives an outlook into further research.
Decision support modeling for sustainable food logistics management
Soysal, M. - \ 2015
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Jack van der Vorst, co-promotor(en): Jacqueline Bloemhof-Ruwaard. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462573055 - 209
logistiek - voedsel - voedselketens - voedselproducten - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - ketenmanagement - beslissingsondersteunende systemen - kwantitatieve analyse - voedselafval - energiegebruik - modelleren - logistics - food - food chains - food products - sustainability - supply chain management - decision support systems - quantitative analysis - food wastes - energy consumption - modeling
For the last two decades, food logistics systems have seen the transition from traditional Logistics Management (LM) to Food Logistics Management (FLM), and successively, to Sustainable Food Logistics Management (SFLM). Accordingly, food industry has been subject to the recent challenges of reducing the amount of food waste and raising energy efficiency to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These additional challenges add to the complexity of logistics operations and require advanced decision support models which can be used by decision makers to develop more sustainable food logistics systems in practice. Hence, the overall objective of this thesis was to obtain insight in how to improve the sustainability performance of food logistics systems by developing decision support models that can address the concerns for transportation energy use and consequently carbon emissions, and/or product waste, while also adhering to competitiveness. In line with this overall objective, we have defined five research objectives.
The first research objective (RO), which is to identify key logistical aims, analyse available quantitative models and point out modelling challenges in SFLM, is investigated in Chapter 2. In this chapter, key logistical aims in LM, FLM and SFLM phases are identified, and available quantitative models are analysed to point out modelling challenges in SFLM. A literature review on quantitative studies is conducted and also qualitative studies are consulted to better understand the key logistical aims and to identify the relevant system scope issues. The main findings of the literature review indicate that (i) most studies rely on a completely deterministic environment, (ii) the food waste challenge in logistics has not received sufficient attention, (iii) traveled distance is often used as a single indicator to estimate related transportation cost and emissions, and (iv) most studies propose single objective models for the food logistics problems. This chapter concludes that new and advanced quantitative models are needed that take specific SFLM requirements from practice into consideration to support business decisions and capture food supply chain dynamics. These findings motivated us to work on the following research objectives RO2, RO3, RO4 and RO5.
RO2, which is to analyse the relationship between economic (cost) and environmental (transportation carbon emissions) performance in a network problem of a perishable product, is investigated in Chapter 3. This chapter presents a multi-objective linear programming (MOLP) model for a generic beef logistics network problem. The objectives of the model are (i) minimizing total logistics cost and (ii) minimizing total amount of greenhouse gas emissions from transportation operations. The model is solved using the e-constraint method. This study breaks away from the literature on logistics network models by simultaneously considering transportation emissions (affected by road structure, vehicle and fuel types, weight loads of vehicles, traveled distances), return hauls and product perishability in a MOLP model. We present computational results and analyses based on the application of the model to a real-life international beef logistics chain operating in Nova Andradina, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and exporting beef to the European Union. Trade-off relationships between multiple objectives are observed by the derived Pareto frontier that presents the cost of being sustainable from the point of reducing transportation emissions. The results indicate the importance of distances between actors in terms of environmental impact. Moreover, sensitivity analysis on important practical parameters show that export ports' capacities put pressure on the logistics system; decreasing fuel efficiency due to the bad infrastructure has negative effects on cost and emissions; and green tax incentives result in economic and environmental improvement.
RO3, which is to investigate the performance implications of accommodating explicit transportation energy use and traffic congestion concerns in a two-echelon capacitated vehicle routing problem (2E-CVRP), is investigated in Chapter 4. The multi-echelon distribution strategy in which freight is delivered to customers via intermediate depots rather than using direct shipments is an increasingly popular strategy in urban logistics. Its popularity is primarily due to the fact that it alleviates the environmental (e.g., energy usage and congestion) and social (e.g., traffic-related air pollution, accidents and noise) consequences of logistics operations. This chapter presents a comprehensive mixed integer linear programming formulation for a time-dependent 2E-CVRP that accounts for vehicle type, traveled distance, vehicle speed, load, multiple time zones and emissions. A case study in a supermarket chain operating in the Netherlands shows the applicability of the model to a real-life problem. Several versions of the model, each differing with respect to the objective function, are tested to produce a number of selected Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) relevant to distance, time, fuel consumption and cost. This chapter offers insight in the economies of environmentally-friendly vehicle routing in two-echelon distribution systems. The results suggest that an environmentally-friendly solution is obtained from the use of a two-echelon distribution system, whereas a single-echelon distribution system provides the least-cost solution.
RO4, which is to investigate the performance implications of accommodating explicit transportation energy use, product waste and demand uncertainty concerns in an inventory routing problem (IRP), is investigated in Chapter 5. Traditional assumptions of constant distribution costs between nodes, unlimited product shelf life and deterministic demand used in the IRP literature restrict the usefulness of the proposed models in current food logistics systems. From this point of view, our interest in this chapter is to enhance the traditional models for the IRP to make them more useful for decision makers in food logistics management. Therefore, we present a multi-period IRP model that includes truck load dependent (and thus route dependent) distribution costs for a comprehensive evaluation of CO2 emission and fuel consumption, perishability, and a service level constraint for meeting uncertain demand. A case study on the fresh tomato distribution operations of a supermarket chain shows the applicability of the model to a real-life problem. Several variations of the model, each differing with respect to the considered aspects, are employed to present the benefits of including perishability and explicit fuel consumption concerns in the model. The results suggest that the proposed integrated model can achieve significant savings in total cost while satisfying the service level requirements, and thus offers better support to decision makers.
RO5, which is to analyse the benefits of horizontal collaboration in a green IRP for perishable products with demand uncertainty, is investigated in Chapter 6. This chapter presents a decision support model, which includes a comprehensive evaluation of CO2 emission and fuel consumption, perishability, and a service level constraint for meeting uncertain demand, for the IRP with multiple suppliers and customers. The model allows to analyse the benefits of horizontal collaboration in the IRP with respect to several KPIs, i.e., total emissions, total driving time, total routing cost comprised of fuel and wage cost, total inventory cost, total waste cost, and total cost. A case study on the distribution operations of two suppliers, where the first supplier produces figs and the second supplier produces cherries, shows the applicability of the model to a real-life problem. The results show that horizontal collaboration among the suppliers contributes to the decrease of aggregated total cost and emissions in the logistics system, whereas the obtained gains are sensitive to the changes in parameters such as supplier size or maximum product shelf life. According to the experiments, the aggregated total cost benefit from cooperation varies in a range of about 4-24% and the aggregated total emission benefit varies in a range of about 8-33%.
Integrated findings from Chapters 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 contribute to the SFLM literature by (i) reflecting the state of the art on the topic of quantitative logistic models which have sustainability considerations, (ii) providing decision support models which can be used by decision makers to improve the performance of the sustainable food logistics systems in terms of logistics cost, transportation energy use and carbon emissions, and/or product waste, and (iii) presenting the applicability of the proposed models in different case studies based on mainly real data, multiple scenarios, and analysis. The developed decision support models exploit several logistics improvement opportunities regarding transportation energy use and emissions, and/or product waste to better aid SFLM, as distinct from their counterparts in literature. To conclude, the case study implementations in this thesis demonstrate that (i) perishability and explicit consideration of fuel consumption are important aspects in logistics problems, and (ii) the provided decision support models can be used in practice by decision makers to further improve sustainability performance of the food logistics systems.
Waar is de kromme sperzieboon gebleven? (interview met Hilke Bos-Brouwers)
Sikkema, A. ; Bos-Brouwers, H.E.J. - \ 2015
Resource: nieuwssite voor studenten en medewerkers van Wageningen UR 9 (2015)14. - ISSN 1389-7756 - p. 12 - 13.
voedselverspilling - verliezen - voedselketens - groenten - voedselafval - food wastage - losses - food chains - vegetables - food wastes
Begin deze week vond in Abu Dhabi een groot internationaal landbouwcongres plaats. Een grote delegatie van Wageningen UR presenteerde daar haar methode om de voedselverspilling in de wereld terug te dringen. Bovendien moet ketenonderzoek de hot spots van verspilling blootleggen. Bijvoorbeeld: waar blijft de kromme sperzieboon?
Innoveerkracht 2014: Jan Willem van der Schans, Wageningen UR
Schans, J.W. van der - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR
stadslandbouw - voedselproductie - voedselketens - innovaties - duurzaamheid (durability) - voedselvoorziening - urban agriculture - food production - food chains - innovations - durability - food supply
Jan-Willem van der Schans geeft een presentatie over het voedselvraagstuk en wat we hier aan kunnen doen? Elk jaar verliest de wereld bijna een derde van haar voedsel. Zijn voedselsystemen te ontwikkelen die effectiever en efficiënter zijn? Welke maatregelen kunnen waar in de keten (van landbouw en oogst, tot verwerking, distributie en consumptie) worden genomen? Jan Willem van de Schans zijn kijk op het voedselvraagstuk en gaat met het publiek in discussie.
Voedselverspilling : welvaartsprobleem of schaarste?
Gogh, Bart van - \ 2015
food wastage - food wastes - losses - consumers - food chains
Hoe duurzaam is een regionale voedselketen?
Sukkel, W. ; Vijn, M.P. - \ 2015
Ekoland januari (2015). - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 58 - 59.
regionale voedselketens - voedselketens - voedselproductie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biologische voedingsmiddelen - voedselverspilling - verliezen - regional food chains - food chains - food production - sustainability - organic foods - food wastage - losses
In de laatste vijf tot acht decennia is ons voedselsysteem enorm veranderd. Van kleinschalige productie, korte regionale ketens en een nauwe band tussen productie en consumptie, naar een mondiaal, complex en dynamisch voedselsysteem gericht op massaproductie en –consumptie. Er zijn in toenemende mate zorgen over de duurzaamheid van ons moderne voedselsysteem. Een mogelijke oplossing is een meer regionaal ingerichte voedselketen. Maar is dit werkelijk duurzamer?
Prof. Jacqueline Bloemhof over streven naar duurzame logistiek
Bloemhof, J.M. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR
voedselketens - logistiek - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - verliezen - afval - voedselverspilling - food chains - logistics - sustainability - losses - wastes - food wastage
Een CO2-neutrale toeleveringsketen zonder afvalverliezen is nog een luchtkasteel. De verwezenlijking hiervan is een proces van de lange adem waarin goede ideeën en ervaringen stap voor stap naar duurzaamheid moeten leiden.
Terug in het zadel
Bouwman, L.I. - \ 2014
Vork 1 (2014)4. - ISSN 2352-2925 - p. 32 - 36.
food chains - nutrition and health - overweight - obesity - chronic diseases - consumer behaviour - feeding behaviour - eating - eating patterns - voedselketens - voeding en gezondheid - overgewicht - obesitas - chronische ziekten - consumentengedrag - voedingsgedrag - eten - eetpatronen
Dreigende epidemieën van overigens niet besmettelijke aandoeningen als obesitas en diabetes type 2 leiden tot - soms tegenstrijdige - aanbevelingen voor gezond eten. Meer groenten, minder vet maar wel meer vette vis, minder rood vlees, meer koolhydraten of juist minder en een Magnum, passen in een gezond dieet. Dat laatste was overigens een advies van de vorige directeur van Unilever dus dat moeten we met een korreltje zout nemen. Hoewel, zout? Mag dat? Volgens Laura Bouwman zijn we terechtgekomen in een situatie van ‘you are what you are told to eat’, waarbij mensen weten dat ze ongezond eten, er ook iets aan willen doen, maar vandaag nog even niet. Ze pleit voor een andere benadering, gericht op verbinding en het bevorderen van het ‘goede leven’.
Overview of topics and questions to be addressed by the FG Mainstreaming Precision Farming : starting paper for FG meeting held on 3 and 4 June 2014
Kempenaar, C. - \ 2014
Brussels : EIP-AGRI - 9
precisielandbouw - akkerbouw - voedselketens - agro-industriële ketens - software-ontwikkeling - gegevensanalyse - gegevensverwerking - akkerbouw- en tuinbouwbedrijven - veehouderijbedrijven - precision agriculture - arable farming - food chains - agro-industrial chains - software engineering - data analysis - data processing - crop enterprises - livestock enterprises
Precision farming is an innovation in agriculture allowing the right treatment of crops and livestock at the right time and smallest scale possible. It requires a seamless integration of different technologies and intelligence. Optimization of treatments at the lowest scale possible will improve yields and resource efficiency in agri-food chains, so reducing the agricultural footprint. More and more, precision farming will become the ‘licence to produce’ for farmers in the EU.