Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Why does EURCAW-Pigs address training?
    Spoolder, Hans - \ 2020
    pigs - animal welfare - livestock farming - transport of animals - slaughter - sows - boars - piglets - beef cattle - finishing
    Mestbeleid voor de boeren van de toekomst
    Wolf, P.L. de - \ 2020
    Lelystad : Boerderij van de Toekomst
    circular agriculture - manures - livestock farming - agricultural policy - nutrient management
    Methaan? De brand erin
    Melse, R.W. ; Groenestein, C.M. - \ 2019
    biobased economy - methane - oxidation - manures - livestock farming
    Bij de opslag van mest in de melkveehouderij komt methaan vrij.
    Per liter melk verdwijnt op dit moment ongeveer 13 gram van dit sterke
    broeikasgas de lucht in. Op de boerderij van Peter van Roessel loopt een
    opmerkelijke proef om die emissie terug te dringen.
    Kringlooplandbouw: Regionale samenwerking tussen akkerbouwers en veetelers
    Wolf, P.L. de - \ 2018
    circular agriculture - cooperation - livestock farming - arable farming
    Effects of loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting material on peri-partum sow behaviour and piglet survival
    Bolhuis, J.E. ; Raats-van den Boogaard, A.M.E. ; Hoofs, A.I.J. ; Soede, N.M. - \ 2018
    Applied Animal Behaviour Science 202 (2018). - ISSN 0168-1591 - p. 28 - 33.
    Behaviour - Enrichment - Loose housing - Nest-building - Parturition - Sow
    Sows are strongly motivated to perform nestbuilding behaviour before parturition. This behaviour is often restricted in commercial systems due to confinement of the sow and lack of suitable nesting material to be used on slatted floors. This study aimed to investigate effects of loose vs. crated housing and the provision of alternative nesting material on periparturient sow behaviour and piglet survival. In a 2 × 2 arrangement, sixty-eight sows were assigned to either loose housing or crates and were either or not provided with nesting material consisting of jute sacks and straw balls. All sows had a rope. Postures and manipulation of materials and pen were observed using 5 min scan sampling for the 12 h before and the 24 h after parturition. Behaviour during parturition was scored continuously and included nose-nose contact between sow and piglets and crushing incidences. No interactions between treatments were found. In the 12 h prepartum, loose housed sows showed less sitting (5 vs. 9%) and ventral lying (29 vs. 38%) and more lateral lying (33 vs. 23%) and floor manipulation (10 vs. 5%) than crated sows. During parturition, loose housed sows spent less time sitting (2 vs. 6%), had fewer postural changes (34 vs. 50), showed less fence manipulation (0.1 vs. 2%) and had more nose contact with piglets (56 vs. 19 times). Provision of nesting material increased pre-partum lying (63 vs. 57%), increased manipulation of materials (14 vs. 8%) and reduced manipulation of floor (5 vs. 10%) and fence (5 vs. 9%). During parturition, sows with nesting material showed less standing (6 vs. 10%) and more lying (90 vs. 84%). No effects were found on behaviour in the 24 h after parturition or on parturition duration (3.3 ± 0.1 h). During parturition, the times lying down and the number of piglets that died by crushing tended to be lower with provision of nesting material (0.1 vs. 0.3). In the 48 h after parturition, loose housed sows crushed more piglets. In conclusion, both loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting materials affected prepartum sow behaviour and resulted in less activity during parturition, with some tendencies for beneficial effects on (near-) crushing of piglets during this period. Thus, both loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting materials, likely particularly the jute sacks, have a beneficial effect on periparturient sow behaviour.
    Gebruiksinstructie jute doek als nestmateriaal voor zeugen
    Hoofs, A.I.J. - \ 2017
    Wageningen UR, Wageningen - 1 p.
    pigs - piglets - sows - farrowing - farrowing houses - animal welfare - livestock farming - animal production - animal behaviour
    'Meer reststromen benutten in veevoer'
    Gerrits, W.J.J. - \ 2017
    residual streams - animal nutrition - sustainability - food - food production - livestock farming
    Stalboekje Varkens 2016: handboek voor natuurlijke diergezondheidzorg met kruiden en andere natuurproducten : Natuurlijk gezond met kruiden en andere natuurproducten
    Groot, Maria ; Asseldonk, Tedje van - \ 2017
    IJmuiden : RIKILT Wageningen UR (RIKILT-uitgave 2016.701) - 168
    varkens - veehouderij - biologische landbouw - geneeskrachtige kruiden - diervoeding - diergezondheid - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - pigs - livestock farming - organic farming - herbal drugs - animal nutrition - animal health - animal welfare - animal production
    Stalkaarten Schapen: Wijs met Wormen : Bewust wel/niet Behandelen
    Bokma-Bakker, M.H. ; Antonis, A.F.G. ; Ploeger, Harm W. ; Vellema, P. ; Verkaik, J.C. - \ 2017
    Wageningen Livestock Research - 4
    livestock farming - sheep - animal health
    Overzicht behandeling en preventie van wormbesmetting bij schapen
    Kavelruil draagt flink bij aan grondmobiliteit
    Kuiper, Paul Peter ; Silvis, H.J. ; Voskuilen, M.J. - \ 2017
    Wageningen University & Research (Notitie Wageningen Economic Research 2017-063) - 7
    cooperation - livestock farming - arable farming - circular agriculture
    De vrijwillige kavelruil heeft na een sterke terugval in 2000 -2003 een comeback gemaakt. In de laatste vijf jaar is gemiddeld 7.100 ha landbouwgrond per jaar via dit instrument overgedragen. Na de piek in 2014 van meer dan 8.000 ha, is de omvang echter gedaald tot 5.500 ha in 2016. Relatief wordt veel landbouwgrond in het noorden en oosten van het land via vrijwillige kavelruil overgedragen; in het zuiden gebeurt dat veel minder. Dit blijkt uit een verkenning van Kadaster en Wageningen Economic Research in opdracht van a.s.r. vastgoed vermogensbeheer.
    Characterization of Coxiella burnetii outbreak strains
    Kuley, Runa - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): M.A. Smits; J.M. Wells, co-promotor(en): A. Bossers. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431514 - 226
    coxiella burnetii - q fever - outbreaks - strains - characterization - pathogenesis - zoonoses - virulence - dna sequencing - polymerase chain reaction - livestock farming - netherlands - coxiella burnetii - q-koorts - uitbraken (ziekten) - stammen (biologisch) - karakterisering - pathogenese - zoönosen - virulentie - dna-sequencing - polymerase-kettingreactie - veehouderij - nederland

    Q fever is a worldwide zoonotic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. During 2007-2010, the largest Q fever outbreak was reported in The Netherlands, where more than 4000 human cases were registered showing a serious burden of the disease. During this outbreak, goats harboring predominantly the CbNL01 genotype strain were identified as the major source of disease in humans and drastic measures such as mass culling of infected goats were implemented to reduce the spread of the pathogen and control the disease. In order to minimize such complications in the future, it is crucial to have a thorough understanding of the disease causing pathogen and to develop effective Q fever vaccines. The causes of the large Dutch outbreak are not well-understood and one of the main reasons speculated were the hyper-virulent behavior of the circulating C. burnetii isolates. The research described in this thesis focuses on the characterization of C. burnetii outbreak strains isolated from infected goats, cattle, sheep and human clinical materials. Our studies were initiated to better understand the bacterial pathogenesis, virulence, evolution, adaptations in various environments, host immune responses and to identify pathogen related factors that have modulated the disease outbreak. We specifically aimed to identify the virulence factors and mechanisms that contributed to the increased zoonotic potential of the strain associated with the Dutch Q fever outbreak.

    The studies presented in this thesis majorly applied Pathogenomic approaches at the genome and transcriptome level to decipher host-pathogen interactions and to develop new tools to study C. burnetii infections. A transcriptome analysis of the outbreak C. burnetii strain of the CbNL01 genotype grown under in vivo and in vitro conditions resulted in the identification of distinct metabolic adaptations and virulence mechanisms of the bacterium. Detailed comparative analysis of complete genome sequences of C. burnetii strains showed a high similarity between strains of the same genotype. Genome sequences of the Dutch outbreak CbNL01 genotype strains were more divergent than the genome sequences of the less prevalent CbNL12 genotype strains and the NM reference strain. The analysis also showed that the high virulence of the outbreak strains was not associated with acquiring novel virulence-related genes arguing against the idea that the Dutch outbreak was due to emergence of hyper-virulent strains though horizontal gene transfer. Among the prominent genetic differences in the CbNL01 outbreak strains compared to CbNL12 and NM, were the presence of several point mutations and increased transposon mediated genome plasticity, which might have contributed to its epidemic potential. Point mutations, especially in a large number of membrane proteins, could also have contributed to the increased zoonotic potential of CbNL01 strains allowing this clone to escape the host immune responses in goats and humans. In addition, mutations in critical genes involved in virulence and evasion of the host immune system could be potentially involved in the increased virulence of the CbNL01 outbreak strains. On the contrary, studies on host immune responses in an in vivo (experimental infections in mice) and an in vitro (human PBMC’s stimulation) model did not show any difference associated with the strain genotype. However, differences in immune responses were found to be associated with the host-origin of the C. burnetii strains. Among different host-origin strains, strains derived from goats and humans generated significantly lower innate and adaptive immune responses than strains derived from cattle, whereas no differences in immune responses were observed when strains were grouped based upon their genotype. These observations support immune evasions as a major virulence strategy of goat and human strains in hosts and further suggest that bacteria originating from goats have a greater potential to cause outbreaks in humans. This indicates that for Q fever prevention purposes goats should be efficiently monitored for the presence of C. burnetii. Taken together, the results described in this thesis suggest that the virulence potential of C. burnetii strains is not only based on genetic differences, but also on other host-adaptation mechanisms such as transposition of genomic elements and/or differential regulation of gene expression. Finally, the results from this thesis provide a framework for future studies in the development of vaccines and diagnostic tools for Q fever.

    China’s grassland policies and the Inner Mongolian grassland system
    Liu, Min - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Wim Heijman, co-promotor(en): J. Huang; Liesbeth Dries; Xueqin Zhu. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463430241 - 156
    grassland management - livestock farming - china - rural development - policy evaluation - social systems - ecological restoration - sustainable agriculture - mongolia - nei mongol - normalized difference vegetation index - graslandbeheer - veehouderij - china - plattelandsontwikkeling - beleidsevaluatie - sociale systemen - ecologisch herstel - duurzame landbouw - mongolië - nei monggol - genormaliseerd verschil in de vegetatie-index

    Grasslands play a significant role in the global ecosystem, livestock production and millions of household livelihoods. However, grassland degradation has become a worldwide problem, and rural poverty has become exacerbated in some pastoral areas. The sustainable management and use of grasslands that maintain the productive and adaptive capacity of ecosystems while providing for the well-being of human communities are crucial concerns. In practice, various policy interventions have been initiated by governments all over the world to devote to grassland conservation, livestock production and improving local household livelihoods. This research aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the policy interventions for grassland ecosystems and livestock production in the pastoral areas of China. The conceptual framework for this research is based on Ostrom’s Social-Ecological Systems (SESs) framework. Four specific research questions are addressed. It is hoped that the research findings of this thesis can make a contribution to providing some references for policy development in light of the sustainable management and use of grasslands.

    Grasklaverteelt motor voor samenwerking en klimaatadaptatie : 'climatecafe' evalueert samenwerking akkerbouw- en veeteeltbedrijven
    Wit, Jan de; Adelhart Toorop, R.L. de - \ 2016
    Ekoland (2016)12. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 20 - 21.
    klimaatadaptatie - klimaatverandering - samenwerking - grasklaver - teelt - biologische landbouw - gewassen - gewasbescherming - akkerbouw - veehouderij - climate adaptation - climatic change - cooperation - grass-clover swards - cultivation - organic farming - crops - plant protection - arable farming - livestock farming
    Het wordt natter en warmer in Nederland voorspelt het KNMI. Is de biologische boer bezig met deze verandering? Dat valt wel mee. Er wordt gewerkt aan een goede bodemkwaliteit en structuur. Dat draagt bij aan het aanpassingsvermogen aan een veranderend klimaat (‘adaptatie’). Grasklaver als rustgewas helpt de akkerbouwer daarbij, zo blijkt ook uit modelberekeningen.
    Sustainability of livestock production systems : a comparing conventional and organic livestock husbandry
    Wagenberg, C.P.A. van; Haas, Y. de; Hogeveen, H. ; Krimpen, M.M. van; Meuwissen, M.P.M. ; Middelaar, C.E. van; Rodenburg, T.B. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research (Wageningen Economic Research report 2016-035) - ISBN 9789462577480 - 121
    livestock - livestock farming - organic farming - europe - literature reviews - sustainable animal husbandry - farming systems - sustainability indicators - vee - veehouderij - biologische landbouw - europa - literatuuroverzichten - duurzame veehouderij - bedrijfssystemen - duurzaamheidsindicatoren
    Sustainable livestock production systems are needed to feed the larger, more urban, richer and older world population in 2050. Quantitative information about the sustainability performance of existing livestock production systems can aid the debate of which actions could be developed and implemented. Strong points of conventional and organic dairy cattle, beef cattle, pig, laying hen, and broiler production systems were identified in peer-reviewed literature for a limited number of sustainability indicators within the subjects of economy, productivity, environment, animal welfare, and public health. This study aims to identify lessons learned for sustainable livestock production.
    Afstand tussen veehouderij en woningen : een onderzoek naar aantallen veehouderijen en woningen op minder dan 250 meter van elkaar
    Os, J. van; Smidt, R.A. ; Jeurissen, L.J.J. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2658) - 51
    veehouderij - landbouwbedrijven - woningen - milieu - milieufactoren - nederland - livestock farming - farms - dwellings - environment - environmental factors - netherlands
    Ter voorbereiding op een debat in de Tweede Kamer op 15 september 2014 heeft het ministerie van Economische Zaken aan Alterra gevraagd om te bepalen hoeveel veehouderijen er liggen op een afstand van 250 m of minder van burgerwoningen, niet zijnde agrarische bedrijfswoningen. Achtergrond van deze vraag is de mogelijke negatieve beïnvloeding van de omgevingskwaliteit van woningen door veehouderijen. Naar aanleiding van het debat en het eerste gepubliceerde document heeft het ministerie van Economische Zaken Alterra gevraagd om een actualisatie en nadere detaillering te maken van de eerste resultaten. Met behulp van GIS heeft Alterra daarop zowel voor de jaren 2011 en 2013 bepaald dat ca. 70-90% van de veehouderijen op minder dan 250 m van een woning ligt. Andersom geredeneerd ligt ca. 30-40% van de woningen in het buitengebied op minder dan 250 m van een veehouderij; voor woningen in bevolkingskernen is dat 3%. Binnen Nederland zijn er aanzienlijke verschillen tussen regio’s, vooral veroorzaakt door verschillen in dichtheid van veehouderijen en woningen.
    BedrijfsWaterWijzer
    Hoving, I.E. ; Haan, M.H.A. de; Noij, I.G.A.M. ; Verloop, J. ; Aarts, H.F.M. - \ 2016
    - 1
    circular agriculture - soil water balance - arable farming - livestock farming - water management - water supply
    Geografisch informatiesysteem voor de emissieregistratie van landbouwbedrijven; : GIABplus-bestand 2013 – Status A
    Os, J. van; Jeurissen, L.J.J. ; Naeff, H.S.D. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-technical report 66) - 65
    landbouwbedrijven, bedrijfslocaties, emissies, Landbouwtelling, veehouderij, rundvee, varkens, pluimvee, schapen, geiten, kippen - landbouwbedrijven - veehouderij - emissie - registratie - landbouwtellingen - geografische informatiesystemen - nederland - farms - livestock farming - emission - registration - agricultural censuses - geographical information systems - netherlands
    Voor de nationale emissieregistratie van het RIVM is het nodig om een goed beeld te hebben van de bedrijfslocaties van veehouderijbedrijven in Nederland. Vanaf 2009 is daarvoor niet alleen gebruik gemaakt van de jaarlijkse Landbouwtelling, maar ook van bedrijfslocaties die bekend zijn via dierregistraties voor dier- en volksgezondheid. Daarmee wordt het zogenaamde GIABplus-bestand gemaakt: Geografische Informatie Agrarische Bedrijven, waarbij de dieraantallen van de Landbouwtelling zijn herverdeeld over veehouderijlocaties vanuit de dierregistraties en gekoppeld aan de staltypen die in de Landbouwtelling bekend zijn. Dit rapport geeft aan hoe het GIABplus-bestand 2013 is samengesteld en wat de gebruiksmogelijkheden zijn. Behalve voor het lokaliseren van emissies uit de veehouderij is het bestand ook toepasbaar in regionale onderzoeken naar de landbouwstructuur en onderzoek naar verspreiding van dierziekten.
    Improving the effectiveness of rural development policy in Chile
    Carter Leal, L.M. - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink; Helmut Saatkamp. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578173 - 171
    business economics - rural development - development policy - agricultural development - regional development - livestock farming - farmers - chile - south america - bedrijfseconomie - plattelandsontwikkeling - ontwikkelingsbeleid - landbouwontwikkeling - regionale ontwikkeling - veehouderij - boeren - chili - zuid-amerika
    Verbeteren ruwvoerproductie met de Ruwvoerscan
    Verloop, J. ; Oenema, J. - \ 2016
    V-focus 13 (2016)1. - ISSN 1574-1575 - p. 32 - 33.
    veehouderijbedrijven - veehouderij - ruwvoer (forage) - ruwvoer (roughage) - productieprocessen - oogstfactoren - gewasopbrengst - livestock enterprises - livestock farming - forage - roughage - production processes - yield factors - crop yield
    Sinds 2013 zoekt Koeien & Kansen naar mogelijkheden om de ruwvoerproductie te verbeteren onder het motto ‘Naar een productieslag voor ruwvoer’. De aanpak is doelgericht: evalueren van de bestaande ruwvoerproductie om toe te werken naar een haalbaar geachte, hogere productie. In dit artikel gaan we in op het proces en geven we een ‘door de oogharen beeld’ van resultaten.
    Manure: a valuable resource! : Introduction and scope of manure management
    Vellinga, Th.V. - \ 2016
    Wageningen UR Livestock Research
    animal manures - manure policy - manure treatment - livestock farming - natural resources - climatic change - food security - farm management - dierlijke meststoffen - mestbeleid - mestverwerking - veehouderij - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - klimaatverandering - voedselzekerheid - agrarische bedrijfsvoering
    Recording of a webinar on Integrated Manure Management conducted on February 3, 2016 and organized by the Livestock and Manure Management project lead by Wageningen UR Livestock Research and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: http://www.manurekiosk.org/ Key speakers:• Opening address: outlining the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) and framing the Livestock and Manure Management Component by Mrs Helena MOLIN VALDÉS, Head of the CCAC Secretariat at the UN Environment Programme in Paris. • Setting the scope: Introduction to Integrated Manure Management and how this is an important element to feed the world. What are the principles that make it work? by Theun VELLINGA, Senior Researcher Livestock Systems and Climate Change at Wageningen UR (University & Research centre) Livestock Research in the Netherlands; and leader of the Livestock and Manure Management project. • How to get to practice change? by Eric KEMP-BENEDICT, Director of the Asian Centre of the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) in Bangkok; and partner in the Livestock and Manure Management project.
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