Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Tail biting and tail docking : Thematic factsheet (version 1.0)
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 4 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - docking - tail biting - climate - space - meat animals - finishing - piglets
    Teat lesions: indicator of lack of space and large litter sizes in pigs
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 2 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - farrowing houses - farrowing - sows - piglets - indicators - space
    Facial and carpal joint lesions: indicators of lack of space and large litter sizes in pigs
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 2 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - farrowing houses - farrowing - sows - piglets - indicators - space
    Review of climate control and space allowance during transport of pigs (version 1.0)
    Bracke, M.B.M. ; Herskin, M.S. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Gerritzen, M.A. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 34 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - transport of animals - climate - space - meat animals - finishing - animal production - animal health - transport - animal behaviour - occupation
    Skin lesions: indicator to assess the risks for tail biting in pig
    Patt, A.G. ; Ruis, M.A.W. ; Schubbert, A. - \ 2020
    Wageningen : EURCAW-Pigs - 2 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - docking - tail biting - piglets - meat animals - finishing - indicators - space
    Fouling: indicator to assess the risks for tail biting in pigs, indicator factsheet
    Patt, A.G. ; Ruis, M.A.W. ; Schubbert, A. - \ 2020
    Wageningen : EURCAW-Pigs - 2 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - docking - tail biting - piglets - meat animals - finishing - indicators - climate - space
    Work Programme for EURCAW-Pigs : European Reference Centre for Animal Welfare – Pigs: 2019-2020
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2018
    WUR Livestock Research - 21 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - transport of animals - slaughter - docking - tail biting - group housing - mixing - farrowing houses - farrowing - killing of animals - climate - space - fitness - handling - stunning - sows - boars - piglets - meat animals - finishing
    Guide to good practices for the transport of pigs
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 66 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - transport of animals - climate - space - fitness - handling - sows - boars - piglets - meat animals - finishing
    Making a difference : boundary management in spatial governance
    Westerink, Judith - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Adri van den Brink; Katrien Termeer. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578685 - 216
    spatial analysis - governance - landscape architecture - space - space utilization - integrated spatial planning policy - landscape planning - urban planning - land use planning - land policy - government policy - netherlands - european union - ruimtelijke analyse - governance - landschapsarchitectuur - ruimte - gebruik van ruimte - gebiedsgericht beleid - landschapsplanning - stedelijke planning - landgebruiksplanning - grondbeleid - overheidsbeleid - nederland - europese unie

    In trying to influence spatial development, people engage in discussions about distinctions between places or areas, and the roles of government and society, while they need to relate to other groups of stakeholders. In other words, boundaries (between meanings of places, between government and society, and between different groups of people) are omnipresent in spatial governance. Does the peri-urban area belong to the city or to the countryside? Can nature be integrated into farming? What should be the role of governments in relation to bottom-up initiatives? And how can people collaborate in spite of their differences in background, culture and knowledge? People have devised various tools and strategies to deal with boundaries. This study investigates those boundary arrangements in practices of spatial governance, such as boundary concepts, boundary organisations and social learning. This is done by analysing a number of case studies of spatial governance practices, mainly in the Netherlands.

    Chapter 1 introduces the theoretical concepts, research question and aims and the research design. The study distinguishes physical (between meanings of places), institutional (between social institutions) and social boundaries (between groups of people). Such boundaries are socially constructed, not only through their delineation, but also through their contestation and change. In other words, people take actions towards boundaries. For such actions they make use of boundary arrangements. In this thesis, boundary management is performing boundary actions by means of boundary arrangements in order to influence a governance process. The research question is: what is the role of boundary arrangements in the management of physical, social and institutional boundaries in spatial governance?

    Chapter 2 analyses how the compact city concept is applied in four urban regions across Europe, how this concept yields trade-offs among dimensions of sustainability. In addition, it analyses strategies that have been developed by planners in the four regions to deal with those trade-offs. The urban – rural boundary is important in this chapter. Chapter 3 compares and analyses two overlapping and competing place concepts for peri-urban areas in The Hague Region, the Netherlands. The urban - rural boundary is central. Chapter 4 reveals discourses of collaborative planning in an urban region characterised by population growth and in a region characterised by population decline, both in the south of the Netherlands. One alternative discourse envisions a leading role for governmental actors in spatial planning, while another discourse envisions a leading role for societal actors. This chapter is mainly concerned with the boundary between government and non-government.

    Chapter 5 analyses two Dutch approaches to more effective agri-environmental management: one landscape approach and one farming system approach, both with increased self-governance by farmers. This chapter is about the nature – agriculture boundary as well as the boundary between government and non-government. Chapter 6 tells the story of a collaborative project with farmers’ organisations and regional governments for a rural landscape with more landscape services. Social boundaries among different groups are important, as are the boundary between government and non-government, and the one between nature and agriculture. Chapter 7 analyses three cases in which a landscape concept supported mutual understanding and learning leading to collective action. Dealing with social boundaries in trans-disciplinary landscape planning is the main issue.

    Chapter 8 answers the research question, specifies the contribution to scientific debate and provides suggestions for further research. In addition, it gives reflections on the usefulness of the theoretical lens, the research design and the role of the researcher, and specifies societal relevance of the research and policy implications. The chapter includes a typology of boundary arrangements and yields a number of insights for the study of boundaries as well as for the study of spatial governance.

    Gastcollege Sociale effecten van groene burgerinitiatieven
    Luttik, J. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research
    space - sustainability - environmental enrichment
    Multi-use platform solutions in the North Sea, Baltic Sea, Atlantic and Adriatic Sea : MERMAID
    Rockmann, C. ; Stuiver, M. ; Burg, S.W.K. van den; Zanuttigh, B. ; Zagonari, Fabio ; Airoldi, L. ; Angelelli, E. ; Suffredini, R. ; Franceschi, G. ; Belloti, G. ; Schouten, Jan Joost ; Soderqvist, T. ; Garcao, R. ; Garcia, R.G. ; Martinez, J. ; Petersen, O.S. ; Ahrensberg, N.A. - \ 2015
    European Union - 109
    oceans - space - offshore - design - stakeholders - environmental policy - oceanen - ruimte - offshore - ontwerp - stakeholders - milieubeleid
    Ruimtelandbouw als groeimarkt
    Dueck, Tom ; Marcelis, Leo - \ 2015
    cropping systems - space - space science - zero gravity - human feeding - food production
    Map maker’s guide: a decision support system for interpolation, aggregation, and disaggregation : technical documentation
    Walvoort, D.J.J. ; Knotters, M. ; Hoogland, T. ; Wijnen, H. van; Dijk, T.A. van; Schöll, L. van; Groenenberg, J.E. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-werkdocument 350) - 36
    kaarten - beslissingsondersteunende systemen - tijd - ruimte - aggregatie - internet - maps - decision support systems - time - space - aggregation - internet
    This report documents a decision support system (DSS) that has been developed to assist environmental researchers in selecting interpolation, aggregation, and disaggregation methods. The DSS has been implemented as a web-application. This facilitates updating and makes the DSS generally accessible. The DSS asks the user several questions. The answers are compared with those given by experts. The degree of similarity between both sets of answers is used to assign suitability scores to a huge set of interpolation, aggregation, and disaggregation methods stored in a database. These methods are ranked from most to least suitable and presented to the user in a dynamic table. The user can compare recommended methods (backgrounds, available software, literature, performance) and evaluate dynamically which methods would have been recommended if deferent answers had been given (what-if analysis)
    The effect of reduced loading density on pig welfare during long distance transport
    Gerritzen, M.A. ; Hindle, V.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Reimert, H.G.M. ; Werf, J.T.N. van der; Marahrens, M.A. - \ 2013
    Animal 7 (2013)11. - ISSN 1751-7311 - p. 1849 - 1857.
    slaughter pigs - ventilation - parameters - duration - behavior
    Transport of animals is a stressful procedure often resulting in significant losses for the slaughter plant. This study aimed to determine whether or not pigs would benefit from a loading density (low density (LD)) (179 kg/m2) below the normal EU standard loading density (normal density (ND)) (235 kg/m2). Eight similar, 550-km-long road journeys, were followed in which fattening pigs were transported across Germany from farm to slaughter plant. During each journey all pigs were transported at LD (n=4) or ND (n=4). Twelve female pigs per journey (total n=96) were randomly selected for measurement and monitoring of body temperature, behaviour, heart rate and blood parameters. Throughout the journeys, LD pigs displayed more resting behaviour than ND pigs. Average body temperature was lower (P
    Transport conditions of fattening pigs from farm to slaughterhouse : transport of pigs for more than 8 hours at two space allowances
    Gerritzen, M.A. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Steinkamp, K. ; Reimert, H.G.M. ; Werf, J.T.N. van der; Hindle, V.A. - \ 2012
    Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 605) - 42
    dierenwelzijn - varkens - varkenshouderij - transport - veevervoer - diergedrag - dierfysiologie - animal welfare - pigs - pig farming - transport - transport of animals - animal behaviour - animal physiology
    An investigation of travelling conditions of slaughter pigs during 8 long (>8h) journeys across Germany. Animals were transported at two loading densities. Observations of physiological (heart activity, blood parameters, body temperature) and behavioural responses (posture, fighting) weremade together with registration of environmental aspects (including indoor and outdoor temperature, wind speed, humidity, weather conditions). Driving conditions were also registered.
    Tijd en ruimte : nieuwe toepassingen van GIS in de alfawetenschappen
    Boonstra, O. ; Schuurman, A.J. - \ 2009
    Utrecht : Matrijs - ISBN 9789053453889 - 232
    geografische informatiesystemen - cartografie - kaarten - geschiedenis - archeologie - kunst - literatuur - geografie - geesteswetenschappen - tijd - landgebruik - ruimte - taal - geographical information systems - mapping - maps - history - archaeology - arts - literature - geography - humanities - time - land use - space - language
    Geografische Informatiesystemen (GIS) eisen een steeds grotere rol op in onze samenleving. De digitale representatie van ruimte is bijvoorbeeld al door ‘Tom-Tom’ en ‘GoogleMaps’ dicht bij de doorsnee gebruiker gebracht. Het gebruik van ‘geo-informatie’ maakt een opvallende bloei door, maar er is nog maar bij een beperkte groep onderzoekers kennis over aanwezig. Dit boek laat zien dat GIS op meerdere onderzoeksvelden toepasbaar is. Zo is men begonnen met het toepassen van GIS binnen de onderzoeksgebieden van de geschiedenis, archeologie, kunstgeschiedenis en de taal- en letterkunde. De toepassing van GIS kan ook in deze onderzoeksgebieden, de zogenaamde alfawetenschappen, interessante nieuwe vraagstukken en resultaten opleveren.
    Landscape, Leisure and Tourism; Socio-spatial Studies in Experiences, Practices and Policies
    Haan, H.J. de; Duim, V.R. van der - \ 2008
    Delft : Eburon - ISBN 9789059722996 - 257
    milieu - landschap - toerisme - vrije tijd - gebruik van ruimte - toeristisch onderzoek - cultureel erfgoed - cultuursociologie - ruimte - natuurbeheer - natuur - landschapsbeleving - landschapsbeheer - environment - landscape - tourism - leisure - space utilization - tourism research - cultural heritage - cultural sociology - space - nature management - nature - landscape experience - landscape management
    This book is dedicated to Jaap Lengkeek, being appointed professor chairman from 2002 till his retirement. The book explores the relationship between people and space in everyday environments, leisure environments and tourist environments. The book consists of four parts. Part One: Experiencing nature, landscape and heritage; Part Two: Leisure practices and public space; Part Three: The state of the art of tourism research; Part Four: Landscape policies, management and design. The authors of the book are all associated with the Chairgroup Sociospatial Analysis of Wageningen University in The Netherlands.
    Globalisering, geschiedenis en ruimte
    Schuurman, A.J. - \ 2007
    Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis = The Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History 4 (2007)3. - ISSN 1572-1701 - p. 15 - 35.
    geschiedenis - globalisering - sociale wetenschappen - tijd - ruimte - wetenschap - history - globalization - social sciences - time - space - science
    This contribution explores the analytical implications of using the concept of globalization in historical research. The article stresses that globalization deals with the transformation of the spatial organization of social relations and transactions. What makes the contemporary globalization different from earlier phases is that distance plays a much less distinctive role in the organization of production and consumption. History can increasingly be seen as a transnational history, focusing on the historical developments and their interaction in various parts of the world.
    Checklist rust, ruimte en stilte; de begrippen rust, ruimte en stilte toepasbaar gemaakt voor inventarisaties in bos- en natuurgebieden
    Winsum-Westra, M. van; Boer, T.A. de - \ 2004
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 940) - 69
    bossen - natuurreservaten - geluid - veiligheid - recreatie - perceptie - nederland - kennis - omgevingspsychologie - natuur - ruimte - forests - nature reserves - noise - safety - recreation - perception - netherlands - knowledge - environmental psychology - nature - space
    Bos en natuurgebieden zijn bij uitstek geschikt voor het ervaren van rust, ruimte en stilte. Dit onderzoek maakt duidelijk wat onder deze begrippen wordt verstaan en welke factoren hierop van invloed zijn. Daarnaast zijn ze hanteerbaar gemaakt voor terreinbeheerders in de vorm van een checklist. Deze checklist is getest in een pilotonderzoek. Hiermee kunnen beheerders inventariseren hoe het met de aanwezigheid van rust, ruimte en stilte gesteld is in hun terrein.
    Lying characteristics as determinants for space requirements in pigs
    Ekkel, E.D. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. ; Hulsegge, B. ; Hopster, H. - \ 2003
    Applied Animal Behaviour Science 80 (2003). - ISSN 0168-1591 - p. 19 - 30.
    growing-pigs - finishing pigs - performance - allowance - temperature
    An experiment was carried out to study the lying postures, space occupation and percentage of space-sharing (as a consequence of huddling behaviour) in pigs. Information about these lying characteristics is essential for the calculation of lying space requirements, e.g. for pen design legislative purposes. The study included two replicates of eight groups of eight pigs each. Pigs were housed at thermoneutral conditions in 8 m(2) partly (40%) slatted pens from 25 to 100 kg live weight. Lights were on from 06:30 until 18:30 h. Feed and water were available ad libitum. Behaviour of the pigs was recorded for 48 h on video tape at approximately 30, 50, 80 and 100 kg live weight. General activity, lying posture (sternum, half recumbent, fully lateral recumbent) and space-sharing percentage were scored by 20 min scan sampling. The results confirmed that pigs of all weight categories lie down for a great part of the day: the average numbers of pigs that were lying were 83.8, 85, 86.3 and 87.5% at 30, 50, 80 and 100 kg live weight. Especially at night (18:30-06:30 h), the fully recumbent lying posture is predominant. The percentages of lying pigs that lied in the fully recumbent position in that period were 65.7, 66.4, 67.7 and 69.1 for 30, 50, 80 and 100 kg pigs, respectively. In our study, we observed that pigs spent little time in contact with conspecifics: space-sharing percentages were 20-40%. There was a significant period effect for the space-sharing data; pigs showed more 'social lying behaviour', i.e. tended to huddle more during the night in comparison to the day since the space-sharing percentages were higher during the night (P <0.01). Based on the observations carried out in this study, average space occupation figures were calculated for lying pigs: 0.30, 0.46, 0.64, 0.76 m(2) for 30, 50, 80 and 100 kg pigs. The present study confirms the suggestion of Petherick (1983) that, as a starting point for discussions about space requirements for pigs, the floor area occupied by lying pigs at thermoneutral conditions should on average be based on the estimated floor area for half recumbent pigs, i.e. area = 0.033 x bodyweight(0.66). (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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