Bibliographic details of sources

Although there are different styles for citations and reference lists, most styles contain the same basic information about a source, called bibliographic details. To cite and reference your sources correctly, you have to record these bibliographic details. The exact details depend on the type of the source and the citation style, but generally should include a minimal set of elements, for example:

  1. Journal articles: author(s) of article, publication year, (article title), journal name, volume number(issue number), pagination, (Digital Object Identifier or URL).
  2. Books: author(s)/editor(s) of book, publication year, book title, (edition), place of publication, publisher.
  3. Book chapters: author(s) of chapter, publication year, chapter title, author(s)/editor(s)of book (if different), book title, (edition), place of publication, publisher, chapter pagination.
  4. Parts of websites: author(s)/editor(s)(person or organisation), date of last update or copyright date, title of page, title of homepage, date of viewing the site, URL of the page.
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You can copy the bibliographic details or store them electronically in citation management software, such as EndNote which is supported by the library. EndNote helps you to manage your references and to make citations and reference lists in your MS Word documents. It saves you a lot of time in the tedious work of making reference lists (see Module 7.2 or