Nematodes in relation to plant growth, IV. Pratylenchus penetrans (Cobb) on orchard trees.
AbstractThe damage caused by Pratylenchus penetrans in orchards is discussed. In 2 experimental fields containing 4 varieties of apple, there was good evidence of a decrease in yield with increased nematode density before apple seedlings were planted. Heavy nematode infestations reduced shoot growth by more than 50%. A concentration of 100 nematodes per 300 ml. of soil may cause considerable damage. The process of infestation and symptoms of nematode attack under field and experimental conditions are discussed. In clean cultivated orchards on light sandy soils there are often large populations in the roots and very small populations in the soil but on heavier soils, the converse is true. Hoestra & Oostenbrink conclude without doubt that P. penetrans is an important cause of replant problems in orchards. H.R. W. (Abstract retrieved from CAB Abstracts by CABI’s permission)