Volume 19 Agricultural Trade Liberalization and the Least Developed Countries

cover_240.jpg Koning, Niek; Pinstrup-Andersen, Per (Eds.)
2007, VIII, 252 p., Softcover
ISBN: 978-1-4020-6085-4

About this book

Although the current round of international trade negotiations was called a ‘Development Round’, very little was accomplished before the negotiations stalled in mid-2006. Developing countries as a group stand to gain very substantially from trade reform in agricultural commodities. It is less clear how the 50 countries identified by the United Nations as the ‘Least Developed Countries’ (LDCs), which have been subject to special consideration in international trade negotiations, would fare. Would they lose their preferential trade access to the OECD markets and, if so, would these losses exceed the potential gains from liberalized trade? Or would low-income countries that currently receive high prices for commodities such as sugar in some OECD-country markets be out-competed by countries such as Brazil in a liberalized market? More generally, would any benefits from liberalized agricultural trade be captured by middle-income countries with good domestic infrastructure and well-functioning markets, leaving few or no economic benefits to the LDCs? How should the LDCs prepare for multilateral reform of agricultural trade, and should they take policy action now in response to the continuation of the trade-distorting agricultural policies pursued by the OECD countries? To what extent do the LDCs and the middle-income developing countries have common interests with respect to the desired outcomes of the trade round? Are the LDCs well represented by the Group of 21, which consists primarily of middle-income countries with strong export potential in agriculture, or should they pursue a different set of goals in future negotiations? In this book, several experts on international trade and development address these and related questions.

Written for:

Students of agricultural trade and development, trade negotiators, researchers, policy analysts, policy advisors and policy-makers in both developed and developing countries, and the news media.

Table of Contents

Preface

Preface
N.A. Editors
PDF

Chapters

Foreword
R. Rabbinge
PDF
Agricultural trade liberalization and the least developed countries: introduction
N. Koning, P. Pinstrup-Andersen
PDF
1-12
Agricultural trade, development problems and poverty in the least developed countries: an overview
O. Östensson
PDF
13-24
Making agricultural trade reform work for the poor
M.A. Tutwiler, M. Straub
PDF
25-50
Price intervention in Sub-Saharan African agriculture: can an institutionalist view alter our conception of the costs and benefits?
A. Dorward, J. Kydd, C. Poulton
PDF
51-66
Poverty, land conservation and intergenerational equity: will the least developed countries benefit from agricultural trade liberalization?
K. Savadogo
PDF
67-81
Trade liberalization in cotton and sugar: impacts on developing countries
A.M. Nassar
PDF
83-103
How to increase the benefits of the DOHA development round for the least developed countries
D. Blandford
PDF
105-128
Improving market access in agriculture for the African least-developed countries: deepening, widening, broadening and strengthening trade preferences
W. Yu
PDF
129-152
Agricultural trade liberalization under Doha: the risks facing African countries
O. Badiane
PDF
153-173
The practical experience with agricultural trade liberalization in Asia
D. Dawe
PDF
175-195
What can be learned from the history of developed countries?
N. Koning
PDF
197-215
How U.S. farm policies in the mid-1990s affected international crop prices: a harbinger of what to expect with further world-wide implementation of WTO-compliant policy modifications?
D.E. Ray, H.D. Schaffer
PDF
217-232
The WTO agricultural negotiations and the least developed countries: limitations and options
S. Murphy
PDF
233-249