Botswana environment statistics: human settlements report 2013


  • Anna Majelantle


According to the United Nations (1988), human settlements are a main component of the Action Plan for the Human Environment. The Action Plan informs planning and management of human settlements for environmental quality. The United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat) described the concept of human settlements as thus;

"The fabric of human settlements consists of physical elements and services to which these elements provide the material support. The physical components comprise shelter, i.e. the superstructures of different shape, size, type and materials erected by mankind for security, privacy and protection from the elements and for his singularity within a community: and infrastructure, i.e. the complex networks designed to deliver to or remove from the shelter people, goods, energy or information. Services cover those required by a community for the fulfilment of its functions as a social body, such as education, health, culture, welfare, recreation and nutrition (UN, 1988)."