The wildlife resource is a valuable development asset which needs to be conserved and carefully utilised and managed. In the past, wildlife was primarily important for subsistence activities. At present, wildlife forms the foundation for the tourism sector, which has grown rapidly over the last decade. Wildlife is furthermore instrumental in promoting economic diversification and in reducing the country’s dependency on non-renewable resources. It is for this reason that, wise management and sustainable utilisation of the wildlife resource are fundamental for the long term development of the country.